efs grammar ix adjectives and adverbs n.
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EfS Grammar IX: Adjectives and Adverbs. A very small difference and the difference that it makes. Adjective Question. What is something/somebody like? An adjective tells us something about the properties (size, shape, colour, etc.) of a person or an object. They are found:.

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efs grammar ix adjectives and adverbs

EfS Grammar IX:Adjectives and Adverbs

A very small difference and the difference that it makes.

adjective question
Adjective Question

What is something/somebody like?

An adjective tells us something about the properties (size, shape, colour, etc.) of a person or an object. They are found:

  • normally in front of the noun they qualify, but sometimes following it;
  • as the complement of e.g. the verb to be.
adverb question
Adverb Question

How?

An adverb tells is something of the closer circumstances of e.g. an action. They are found:

  • near the verb, adjective or adverb they qualify;
  • at the front, middle or end positions of a sentence.
adverb form
Adverb Form

Adverbs are often formed by adding -ly onto an existing adjective:

slow slowly extreme extremely proper properly total totally

But beware of some spellings:

-y happy happily noisy noisily-e1gentle gently-e2whole wholly true truly

And one exception: good well

adverb form and meaning
Adverb Form and Meaning

Some adverb/adjective pairs do not change. Sometimes the word ending in -ly has a different meaning:

Adjective + adverbhardlatehighlovely

Adverbhardly, kaumlately, neulichhighly, sehr, starklovely

application summary
Application Summary
  • Adjectives apply to:
  • nouns;
  • verbs of state.
  • Adverbs apply to:
  • verbs of action;
  • adjectives;
  • adverbs.
examples simple applications
Examples: Simple Applications

Cary Crooner is beautiful.

What is Cary Crooner like?He is beautiful.

He sings beautifully.

How does he sing?Beautifully.

examples complex applications
Examples: Complex Applications

This book is terribly dull.

What is this book like? It is dull.How dull is it? It is terribly dull.

Cary sings extremely beautifully.

How does he sing? He sings beautifully.How beautifully does he sing? He sings extremely beautifully.