Unit 1 Of Mice and Men Short Stories. Mrs. Gehrt 2013-2014. Unit 1 Of Mice and Men Short Stories. Big Ideas. How do we justify our decisions?. Literary Elements Allusion Foil Satire/Sarcasm Foreshadowing Logos, Ethos and Pathos. Essential Question. What is a Coat of Arms? 8/15/13.
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Unit 1Of Mice and MenShort Stories Mrs. Gehrt 2013-2014
Unit 1Of Mice and MenShort Stories Big Ideas How do we justify our decisions? Literary Elements Allusion Foil Satire/Sarcasm Foreshadowing Logos, Ethos and Pathos Essential Question
What is a Coat of Arms?8/15/13 • A Coat of Arms or Family Crest has long been a symbol of a family's identity and values. Originally used to identify warriors dressed in armor, each knight chose symbols and colors to represent his family. These family crests or coats of arms have been passed down throughout generations.
Your Coat of Arms • Requirements • Pictures • Words • Color
Your Coat of Arms 1. Your greatest personal achievement to date. 2. The state, region, or place you identify with. 3. Your family’s greatest achievement. 4. THREE goals you hope to attain in the future. 5. TWO things you do well. 6. A person who has influenced you. 7. One word that best describes your most admirable trait. 8. Your motto, favorite expression, or quote.
Journal8/20/13 • Preview the novel you received yesterday. • In your notebook, write down the title and author of the novel. • Read the back of the book. Write one observation about the book based on what you’ve read. • Flip through the pages of the book. Do you notice anything strange?
Moral Dilemma8/16/13Discussion • Option A: A single woman is close friends with the couple next door and has secret romantic feelings for the husband. She discovers that his wife is having an affair. Normally, this woman minds her own business but now she sees an opportunity to get closer to the man she wants. You are her friend and she confides in you. What advice do you give her? • Option B: In the last episode of Seinfeld, Jerry, Elaine, George and Kramer are arrested after witnessing a robbery. A man with his hand thrust in his pocket robbed someone in broad daylight, and the victim shouted that the robber had a gun. They are convicted for not helping the victim; is that right? • Option C: A friend confides to you that he has committed a particular crime and you promise never to tell. Discovering that an innocent person has been accused of the crime, you plead with your friend to give himself up. He refuses and reminds you of your promise. What should you do? In general, under what conditions should promises be broken?
Moral DilemmaWriting Sample • Select ONE of the prompts • Respond to the prompt to the best of your ability • Keep the following things in mind: • This is a FORMAL writing sample • Remember to explain your opinion or “justify your decision” • Writing more does not earn you a better grade- I want QUALITY not quantity • If you need help, just ask! • Be sure to return the handout before you leave
Pre-Assessment8/19/13 • Tests what you already know • Counts as an Assessment Grade (65%) • Read all passages and try your best • Sleeping, texting, talking, not trying= 0, no points! • Subject: English • Benchmark: Pre • Teacher: Gehrt • Date: 8/19/13
Journal8/20/13 • What is irony? • Write down what you think first, then look up the definition. • If your definition was correct draw a smiley face. • If your definition was incorrect, write the correct definition underneath your definition. • Write down an example of something that is ironic or an ironic situation.
Verbal Irony • The author says one thing but means something else • Mother comes into the TV room and discovers her 11-year-old watching TV instead of doing his homework, as he was sent to a dozen minutes ago. Pointing to the screen she says, "Don't let me tempt you from your duties, kiddo, but when you're finished with your serious studies there, maybe we could take some time out for recreation and do a little math."
Dramatic Irony • The audience knows something the characters do not • Dramatic irony is the suspenseful knowledge that a character is unaware of. It's when you know the boogeyman is hiding in the attic, but the hero of the movie doesn't know that. You want him to get a clue and stay away from the attic. "Don't open that door! Get out of the house!" The irony is that the hero thinks he is safe, when you know he's in danger.
Situational Irony • Things turn out differently than we expected • If a greedy millionaire were to buy a lottery ticket and win additional millions, the irony would be situational because such a circumstance cannot be explained logically. Such a circumstance seems “unfair.” This sense of being “unfair” or “unfortunate” is a trademark of situational irony. Because people cannot explain the unfairness, it causes them to question whether or not the world makes sense.
“Lamb to the Slaughter”Vocab Meaning Tranquil Bewilder Instinct Precinct Translucent Administer Trifle Calm; peaceful Confuse; puzzle Intuition; gut feeling Area; zone; division Clear Oversee; control A little; a touch Vocab Word
Comprehension Check8/21/13 • List the main characters. Next to their names write down one of their character traits. • What did Patrick tell his wife when he came home? • Why was it a bad time to tell her this? • What influence does Mary's pregnancy have on the story? • What do you think the setting of the story is like? Where in the world do you think this takes place? • Why Is Patrick's profession important? • Why is the title of the story important? What does it mean? • Why does Mary insist the Police eat the leg of lamb? • What is the Dramatic Irony in "Lamb to the Slaughter"?
SRI Testing Directions8/22/13 • Log-on to the computer • Open Internet Explorer (not Google Chrome) • Click on the yellow "favorites" star • Select Scholastic Reading Inventory (SRI) • Username: Your ID number • Password: Bloom-206 (Make sure the B is capitalized) • When you are finished view your score and PRINT it. • Bring your score to Mrs. Gehrt; pick up your writing sample from last week. • Type your writing sample; save it to your U DRIVE (the one with your ID number) No talking until everyone is finished No headphones until YOU are finished (keep the volume LOW; one ear bud only) Leave this handout on the keyboard for the next class! Thanks!!
Surviving the Dust Bowl8/23/13 • Watch the video • In your OWN words complete the graphic organizer
Act Quickly 8/26/13 In literature, the antagonist is often seen as the bad guy or villain. The antagonist, however, isn’t always a human being. It can be anything that creates conflict with the main character. If a character gets stranded in a snowstorm, the storm can be the antagonist. The antagonist could be a disease, a temptation, an opposing team, or even yourself! If it causes a problem, then it’s probably an antagonist. You are the hero in this story. As a hero, you must battle many forces. These are your antagonists. You have just scaled the wall of a castle. It seems empty, but there are many surprises inside. Opening the door to the Great Hall, you discover a line of doors on each side. Two doors are on the left; two doors are on the right. An antagonist lurks behind each one. Your task is to make two columns on your paper. In the first column, describe the antagonist you encounter. In the second column, describe how you overcome your antagonist. Example: Fire-breathing dragon Spray dragon with a fire extinguisher Four antagonist are ready to battle-be quick!
Literary Elements • Plot: series of related events • Basic Situation/Exposition: character/problem • External Conflict: Man vs. man/nature • Internal Conflict: Man vs. himself • Complications: • Resolution: • Protagonist: Main character; sets the plot in motion • Antagonist: • Setting: • Atmosphere: Mood or feeling in a work of literature (also called mood) • Theme: • Irony: Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality.
Literary Elements (continued) • Stock Character: a character who fits our preconceived notions; typical character. • Flat Character: 1-2 personality traits. • Round Character: complex/multiple personality traits. • Point of View: POV: • Omniscient Narrator: “all-knowing”/narrator plays no part in the story. • First-Person: Narrator is a character in the story/ “I”/Only know what the narrator hears/sees. • Third-Person Limited: Narrator plays no part in the story/zooms in on the thoughts and feelings of one character. • Symbol: Person, place, thing, or event that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself. • Figurative Language: “figure of speech”/ comparing two unlike things.
Application8/26/13Answer the following questions with a partner. • Who is the Protagonist in “Lamb to the Slaughter?” • When does the climax or turning point occur in the story? • Name one external conflict and one internal conflict. • What type of character is Mrs. Maloney? Stock, round or flat? • What POV is the story told from? • Name one symbol from the story. Explain how it is a symbol.
Schedule this week… • Tuesday 8/27: Lab 408- Bring your notebook (Of Mice and Men Web Quest) • Wednesday 8/28: Lab 408- Bring your notebook; EARLY RELEASE • Thursday 8/29: Back in class room; Notebook • Friday 8/30: Classroom; Notebook/NOVEL • Monday 9/2: Labor Day- No School
Journal 8/29/13 If you lived during the Dust Bowl, would you have fled to California? Explain your answer.
Article/Poster8/29/13 Poster Requirements Read the article (I) Discuss the article with your partner (P) Pick out the 15 facts you want to include on your poster (I/P) Title 15 interesting facts about your topic Color Creativity Neatness Directions
Housekeeping Items Yearbook Pictures Keep all graded work and handouts Study for tests/quizzes Use on future assignments Grade book Wednesday September 4th Graded Work
Application AnswersFROM:8/26/13 Answers Who is the Protagonist in “Lamb to the Slaughter?” When does the climax or turning point occur in the story? Name one external conflict and one internal conflict. What type of character is Mrs. Maloney? Stock, round or flat? What POV is the story told from? Name one symbol from the story. Explain how it is a symbol. Mary Maloney. WHY? When Mary murder’s Patrick. WHY? External/Internal Mary is a round character. WHY? Third Person Limited. WHY? The leg of lamb. WHY? Questions
Journal8/30/13 • Copy the quote below into your notebook. Explain what you think the quote means. • “The best laid plans of mice and men often go awry.” Robert Burns, Scottish poet
During Reading Chapter 1 • Using your post-it flags, mark places in your book that describe Lennie and George. Keep in mind that we can find out about characters through their names, physical description, actions/reactions, thoughts, and dialogue. We can find things out directly (Steinbeck tells us) or indirectly (we must infer). • Jot down five words that describe Lennie and five words that describe George.
Post-Reading Chapter 1 • Which of the words above best describes Lennie? Why? • Which of the words above best describes George? Why? • Complete the following sentence: The relationship between George and Lennie is like… After you complete the sentence, explain why their relationship is like this and provide examples to support your idea. • Speculate about what happened in Weed that caused them to leave. Predict what you think will happen in this story based on what happened before. What details do you base your prediction on?
SRI Graphs/Goals • Chart your SRI Score from your most recent test. • Set a realistic goal for the next test. • Journal: What types of things can you do to achieve your goal?
Comprehension CheckChapter 1 • Identify and give a physical description of Lennie and George. • What is George's first complaint to Lennie? • What trouble did George and Lennie have in Weed? • What is in Lennie's pocket? Why does he have it? • George bursts into a long speech about what he could do if he were alone. What could he do? • Lennie offers to go away and live in a cave. What is George's response? • Why are George and Lennie different from the other "guys like us that work on ranches"? • What are George and Lennie going to do someday? • What two things does George want Lennie to remember? • Why did George want to camp overnight instead of going another quarter of a mile to the ranch?
ObjectiveOMAM Chapter 1 Students will… • Work collaboratively to complete the character analysis and sensory details chart. • Evaluate the text for character traits and words or phrases that contain sensory details • Identify these textual qualities in writing and support them with evidence from the text.
Sensory ChartCharacterization Chart 9/5/2013 & 9/9/13 • Work on your own or with a partner to complete the chart. • Include page numbers and direct quotes from the text.
ObjectiveOMAM Chapter 2 Students will… • Determine the qualities of a good friend. • Analyze relationships from multiple perspectives. • Compare/contrast the relationship between George and Lennie to that of Candy and his dog. • Generate word list to illustrate the mood at the beginning of the novel and at the end of this chapter.
During Reading Chapter 2 • List three qualities of a good friend. A good friend is ____________________, ____________________, and ____________________. • As you read flag moments revealing the relationship between George and Lennie. • Jot down five things you notice about their relationship. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Post Reading Chapter 2 • Look at the qualities you used to describe a good friend. Do these apply to George and Lennie? Why or why not? Use details from the text to support your response. • Describe Curley’s wife by focusing on her relationship with Curley and the men. • How might you compare the relationship between Lennie and George with Candy and his old dog? • How does the mood change in this chapter? Generate several words to describe the mood in the story in the beginning and at the end of the chapter. What causes that change?
Comprehension CheckChapter 2 • What does George answer when the boss asks what he is trying to put over? • Identify and describe Curley. • The swamper said, "Seems like Curley ain't givin' nobody a chance." Explain. • What advice does George give Lennie after Curley and the swamper leave? • Identify Slim and Carlson. • What does Slim have that Lennie wants?
ObjectiveOMAM Chapter 3 Students will… • Analyze the plot, select 5 key details and explain their importance to the story. • Identify moments of tension, conflict, and foreshadowing in the text. • Compare/contrast relationships based on respect. • Interpret and justify opinions.
Reminders for Wednesday 9/11/13 • Open notes/book Quiz • Bring something to read for SSR (silent sustained reading) • Early Release 12:20
Journal/Pre-Reading Chapter 3 • List five key details that provide background to the character and the plot up to this point. Explain why each detail is so important to the story.
During Reading Chapter 3 • As you read flag moments that increase the tension in the story. Look for places of conflict and/or foreshadowing. • Explain how these moments affect the plot.
Post-Reading Chapter 3 • Everyone respects Slim, especially Candy (p. 45) for whom “Slim’s opinions were law.” Write down a few reasons why people respect someone. Explain why everyone respects Slim and how Slim is similar to or different from a person you respect. • John Steinbeck said, “In every bit of honest writing in the world there is a base theme: Try to understand men; if you understand each other you will be kind to each other. Knowing a man well never leads to hate and nearly always leads to love.” Explain what you think this quote means and how it relates to the novel and your own experience. • You are roughly halfway through the novel. Based on what you know at this point, what do you think will happen in the remainder of the story? What do you base your prediction on?
Comprehension CheckChapter 3 • Slim and George have a long conversation. Slim says it's funny how George and Lennie go around together. What is George's answer? • Identify Candy. • What did Carlson do with his Luger? Why? • What card game does George play? • Describe Curley's wife. What's the problem about her? • What will Lennie's job be when he and George get their land? • What does Candy want when he hears about George's and Lennie's plans? What is he willing to contribute? • Why did Curley fight with Lennie? What happened?
Discussion Questions • (Page 51) Why does Curly's wife spend so much time around the men? What is she looking for? Do you think she will find whatever she is looking for from any of the men on the ranch? Who is most likely to fall for Curly's wife? • (Page 52) Are places like Susy's still available today? Susy's whore house is a seemingly normal place for the men to visit. How might the same type of place be seen today? Is this acceptable? Why/why not? • (Page 56) Why does George seem to prefer a whore house over Curly's wife? What is the difference? • (Page 52) Why do minor characters, even Susy the prostitute, and the dog Lulu, have names, but not Curley’s wife? • (Page 62) Carlson suggests Curly's wife has no place outside of the house. What does this say about his opinion on women? What does this say about the 1930's opinion on women?Has this opinion changed since the 1930s? How so? How is it similar?
Group Work9/12/13 • Groups of 3-4 students • One piece of paper per group • Top of paper: take notes (bullet points); • What did your group talk about? • What are the different opinions about the question? • What pages did you look at in the text? • Bottom of paper: As a group, come to a consensus and determine a final answer to your question.
ObjectiveOMAM Chapter 4 Students will… • Analyze personal situations. • Identify dominant characters within the text. • Determine what makes characters stronger/weaker. • Examine the cause/effect of characters’ problems.
Journal/Pre-Reading Chapter 4 Think about your own experiences in which one person seemed stronger or more dominant than everyone else? How did that person treat others? How did the weak respond?
During ReadingChapter 4 As you read, flag instances in which one character seems to dominate or take control of another. What makes this person stronger or weaker?