Popular vote November election Electoral vote Mid December Electors for Obama (Bob, Steve, Mick) Romney (Ann, Bill, Chad) Electors cast their vote Ann, Bill and Chad Obama Romney
How does the electoral college work? • There are a total of 538 total electoral votes. • Each state gets the same # of votes as they have members of Congress • A majority of electoral votes are needed to be elected President. (270) • If no majority of electoral votes are obtained the House of Representatives chooses the President • The electoral college votes in mid December
Monday following the second Wednesday in December, the electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals to officially cast their votes for president and vice president. • These votes are then sealed and sent to the president of the Senate, who on January 6th opens and reads the votes in the presence of both houses of Congress. • The winner is sworn into office at noon on January 20th.
Why don’t we elect our president through popular vote? • A safeguard against… • Uneducated voters • A protection against the people if the system of allowing people to vote on their leaders didn’t work out as hoped.
Political Party • A group of people who share similar ideas • Work to get its member elected into office • Try to get government to work to promote their ideas.
One party system • Two party system • Multi party system
South Dakota political partiesFrom Sect. of State; Updated October 1, 2014 • 46% Republican (239,355) • 34% Democrat (175,186) • 19% Independents (100,547) • Libertarian (1,356) • Constitution (595) • American’s Elect (8) • Total: 517,003 • Recognized parties in South Dakota
Political Parties in USA Gallup poll on party identification
Current political parties in the US • From politics1.com
Minor Party Presidential Candidates 2012 • Minor party candidates • Election results
What are “Minor Parties” or “Third Parties”? • Currently a party that is not the Democratic or Republican parties • They rarely win elected positions
Impact of minor parties • Take popular vote from candidates • A third party DOES NOT take votes away equally from both parties
More liberal candidates Al Gore Ralph Nader More conservative candidates George W. Bush Pat Buchanan 2000 Election
Al Gore – (Democrat) Popular Vote: 50,992,335 Percentage - 48.38% George Bush – (Republican) Popular Vote: 50,455,156 Percentage: 47.87% Ralph Nader – (Green) Popular Vote: 2,882,897 Percentage: 2.74% Patrick Buchanan – (Reform) Popular Vote: 448,892 Percentage: 0.42
Florida • 25 electoral votes • Total Electoral Vote • Bush 271 • Gore 267
Impact of minor parties • Take away electoral votes form major candidates • Electoral votes for minor party candidates
Primary Season and Caucuses Electoral College Vote General Election Inauguration Jan. –‘2017 2013 Convention Candidate search begins Jan - ‘2016 June Late summer Nov. (1st Tues. after 1st Mon. in Nov.) Dec. (Monday after 2nd Wed. in Dec.) Jan. 20 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION TIMELINE (2012)
What is a Direct Primary Election? • Explaining primaries video • An Election in which a Political Party decides which candidate they will support. • Closed Primary • Open Primary
What is a Caucus • Similar to a primary except instead it is more like a large meeting instead of ballot voting • 2012 Republican calendar
Tim Pawlenty — Former Governor of Minnesota Dropped out of race August 14th
Thaddeus McCotter — US House of representative from Michigan Dropped out September 22, 2011
Herman Cain — Former CEO of Godfather’s Pizza (dropped out December 4, 2011)
Gary E. Johnson — Former Governor of New Mexico Dropped out Dec. 28 and decided to run as an independent Libertarian
Michele Bachmann — United States Representative, Minnesota Dropped out January 4, 2012. Day after getting 5% in Iowa Caucus
Jon Huntsman — Former Governor of Utah Dropped out January 16, 2012.
Rick Perry — Governor of Texas Dropped out January 19, 2012
Rick Santorum — Former United States Senator, Pennsylvania Dropped out April 10, 2012
Newt Gingrich — Former House Speaker Dropped out April 25, 2012
US Senator Barack H. Obama, Jr.(Democrat - Illinois) . POLITICAL: Illinois State Senator, 1997-2005 (elected 1996, 1998, 2002). Candidate for Congress, 2000. US Senator, 2005 - present (elected 2004). Keynote Speaker, 2004 Democratic National Convention.
US Senator Joseph R. "Joe" Biden Jr.(Democrat - Delaware) POLITICAL: New Castle County Councilman, 1970-72. US Senator, 1973 - present (elected 1972; re-elected 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002). Candidate for President, 1988 (withdrew before first primary).
US Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton(Democrat - New York) POLITICAL: First Lady of Arkansas, 1979-81 and 1983-93. First Lady of the US, 1993-2001. US Senator, 2001 - present (elected 2000, 2006).
US Senator Christopher J. "Chris" Dodd(Democrat - Connecticut) POLITICAL: US Congressman, 1975-81 (elected 1974, 1976, 1978). US Senator, 1981 - present (elected 1980, 1986, 1992, 1998, 2004).
Former US Senator John R. Edwards(Democrat - North Carolina) POLITICAL: US Senator, 1999-2005 (elected 1998). Candidate for President, 2004 (lost in the primaries). Democratic nominee for Vice President, 2004.
Former US Senator Maurice R. "Mike" Gravel(Democrat - Virginia) POLITICAL: Alaska State Representative, 1962-66 (elected 1962, 1964). Speaker of the Alaska House of Representatives, 1965-66. Candidate for US Congress, 1966. US Senator from Alaska, 1969-81 (elected 1968, 1974; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1980). Candidate for Vice President, 1972 Democratic Convention (226 delegates - 3rd place - 7.5%). Founder & President, Democracy Foundation and National Initiative for Democracy non-profit groups.