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The Electoral College. A magnificent anachronism. Clearly Communicated Learning Objectives. Discuss the Electoral College and the strategy of presidential campaigns. Why all The Anger- The 2000 Election of Course. The Media called the election too soon The Supreme Court intervened

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the electoral college

The Electoral College

A magnificent anachronism

clearly communicated learning objectives
Clearly Communicated Learning Objectives
  • Discuss the Electoral College and the strategy of presidential campaigns
why all the anger the 2000 election of course
Why all The Anger- The 2000 Election of Course
  • The Media called the election too soon
  • The Supreme Court intervened
  • The Popular vote winner did not win the Presidency
a brief period of anger
A brief period of anger
  • HRC says her first act as Senator would be to reform it
  • And O.J. said he would spend all of his time trying to find the real killer
  • Institutional reform trumps anger
2004 a close call
2004 a Close Call
  • Ohio was very close
  • A small Number of People could have swung the election
problems of the electoral college
Problems of the Electoral College
  • Faithless electors
  • Problem of the Unit Rule
problems of the electoral college1
Problems of the Electoral College
  • Potential for Gridlock
  • Over-representation of small states
  • Minor parties are always hurt, everywhere, all the time
problems of the electoral college2
Problems of the Electoral College
  • Potential for Minority-Vote winner (2000, 1996, 1992, 1968, 1960)
  • Potential for a wrong winner
attempts at reform

Attempts at Reform

attempts at reform1
Attempts at Reform
  • 1950
  • 1969
  • 1979
some states have made changes
Some States have made changes
  • Article II, Section I allows the states to decide how they choose their electors
  • Maine and Nebraska use a different method (Congressional District Winner + overall winner)
potential reforms
Potential Reforms!
  • The Proportional Plan
  • The District Plan
  • The Direct Plan
  • State Compact-National Popular Vote
the proportional plan
The Proportional Plan
  • This plan divides Electoral votes based on the popular vote totals from each state.
  • Advantages
the district plan
The District Plan
  • A state’s Electoral Vote is equal to the number of Senators (2) plus the number of Representatives which varies by state.
  • Advantages
the direct plan
The Direct Plan
  • The other plans keep the Electoral College intact, this plan deems the NATIONWIDE popular vote winner as the president.
  • Advantages
the direct plan1
The Direct Plan

Under this plan, 2 elections would have vastly different results

  • 1960- Nixon defeats Kennedy
  • 2000- Gore Defeats Bush
  • Recounts, Runoffs, Fraud
the proportional plan1
The Proportional Plan

This is the most unsteady

  • 1960, 1968, 1976,1992, 1996, 2000
  • Do we want George Wallace to determine our president?
  • Colorado failed to Pass and Amendment on this
the district plan1
The District Plan
  • This would increase the amount of Gerrymandering beyond its current state.
  • Changes several Elections
  • No major state has tried it
state compact
State Compact
  • Working its Way through the states
  • Electors would be required to vote for the popular vote winner
  • The Matter of the Constitution
the electoral college get used to it
The Electoral CollegeGet Used to it
  • What Is Necessary for Change
  • Institutional Difficulties
why no change some groups love it
Why No Change?- Some Groups love it!
  • The Parties
  • Small States
  • Big States
  • Battleground states
advantages of the system
Advantages of the System
  • A Proven Track Record
  • Faithless electors are more fun than anything else
  • The Evil Best Known is the Most Tolerable
advantages of the e c
Advantages of the E.C.
  • Minority Groups
  • Presidents
  • Federalism
the 2008 election
The 2008 Election
  • The Obama victory preserved the Electoral College
  • Absolutely no question about legitimacy