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THE ROAD TO WAR. THE ROAD TO WAR. SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY. New Focus . Growing Nazi threat. Turn to West. The “Popular Front”. Main goal = restrain Nazis but avoid war. Maxim Litvinov, Foreign Commissar, 1930-1939. “Bolshevism unmasked”. THE ROAD TO WAR. SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY.

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THE ROAD TO WAR


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slide2

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • New Focus
  • Growing Nazi threat
  • Turn to West
  • The “Popular Front”
  • Main goal = restrain Nazis but avoid war

Maxim Litvinov, Foreign Commissar, 1930-1939

“Bolshevism unmasked”

slide3

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • Appeasement
  • Britain & France make concessions to Hitler
  • Munich Agreement - 1938
  • Soviet isolation

The Anschluss: Nazi troops enter Austria, March 1938

Germans take Sudetenland, 1938

“What, no seat for me?”

slide4

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • Problems in the Far East
  • Japanese aggression in China (Manchukuo)
  • Fighting on Mongolian border
  • Threat of 2-front war
slide5

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • THE NAZI-SOVIET PACT
  • Litvinov replaced by Molotov
  • Germans & Soviets sign Non-Aggression Pact, August 1939
  • Also contains Secret Protocol including territorial divisions

Vyacheslav Molotov

German Foreign Minister Ribbentrop & Molotov sign pact

slide6

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • THE NAZI-SOVIET PACT
  • Shocked much of world
  • Caused loss of support for Soviets
slide7

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • THE NAZI-SOVIET PACT
  • Economic collaboration
  • Germans did not follow through with obligations

Soviet supplies getting ready for shipment to Germany

slide8

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • THE NAZI-SOVIET PACT
  • Soviet benefits
  • territory in Poland (western Belorussia & Ukraine
  • Baltics (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)
slide9

THE ROAD TO WAR

SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY

  • THE WINTER WAR, 1939-1940
  • Finns resist Soviet demands
  • inflict heavy damage & casualties on Soviets
  • convinced Germans of Soviet military weakness