The Prince and the Pauper By Mark Twain Dramatized by Joellen Bland Mark Twain (1835-1910)wrote much about his boyhood adventures in such books as Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. This story, however, was set in England in 1547 because the English really enjoyed his stories. Note: This play was created from a novel, but it is based upon the life of Prince Edward of England who became King Edward the VI.
Drama terms: • Comedy: a dramatic work that is often humorous; it usually ends happily with a peaceful resolution of the conflict • Tragedy: a dramatic work that presents the downfall of a character or characters. The events in a tragic plot are set in motion by a decision that is often an error in judgment on the part of the hero. Events are linked in a cause and effect relationship and lead to a disastrous conclusion, usually death. • History: a play based upon an actual historical event
More Drama Terms • Protagonist: the main character or characters • Antagonist: the character that goes against the protagonist.
Theater Terms • Stage Right: to the actor’s right as he or she faces the audience • Stage Left: to the actor’s left as he or she faces the audience • Stage Directions: the instructions to the actors, director, and stage crew in the script of a play (may be about scenery, lighting, sound effects, and ways for actors to move and speak); these directions often appear in parentheses and in italic type • Acts/scenes: divisions in a play which present an episode of the play’s plot (The Prince and the Pauper has eight scenes.)
Exposition: Provides the background information needed to properly understand the story • Rising Action: the introduction of the problem of the play and of the primary characters in the play • Climax (Turning Point): A character makes a decision which will either resolve the conflict (comedy) or determine its failure (tragedy) • Falling Action: the solving of a problem in a comedy or the attempts that show the failure to solve the problem in a tragedy • Denouement: the closure of the drama with harmony in comedy or with the severe suffering or death of the protagonist in a tragedy.