Nutritional Needs of special . Infants and children
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Infants and children
The caloric and nutrient intakes of children are critical for supporting growth and development. Infants whose diet is primarily mother's milk or infant formula consume 40%or more of their calories form fat, which is appropriate during infancy. When children reach 2 years of age, however, they should be encouraged to consume a diet lower in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
IS a problem for 21% of low –income children 1 to 2 years of age and for 10% of low-income children 3 to 4 years of age .
Anemia ,an index of iron deficiency Can result in :-
A healthy start for infants means:-
Research suggests that parents influence the dietary choices made by preschoolers parents have less influence on food choices made by school –age children .
Adolescence is a period of biologic and social change.
Body size ,composition ,functions, and physical abilities are changing rapidly.
Many elderly people have chewing and swallowing disorders that make eating fruits and vegetables difficult .
Average daily fiber intake among the elderly is less than half the recommended 20 to 35 grams.
Health benefits attributed to fiber include :-
Daily activity along with an adequate diet can prevent premature mortality from heart disease
Nursing diagnoses relevant to health promotion include:-
Altered nutrition: high risk for more than body requirements.
Altered nutrition: more than body requirements
Altered nutrition: less than body requirements
Improving eating patterns involves changing knowledge attitudes ,and skills as well as the food consumption environment.
The following strategies are recommended:-