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A ir B orne L aser. C/3 Jonathan Kim February 13, 2004. OVERVIEW. History AirBorne Laser (ABL) ABL Laser System Conclusion. HISTORY. Edward Teller, world-renowned expert in thermonuclear energy Envisioned large aircraft armed with high-powered lasers KC-135A originally used

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a ir b orne l aser

AirBorne Laser

C/3 Jonathan Kim

February 13, 2004

overview
OVERVIEW
  • History
  • AirBorne Laser (ABL)
  • ABL Laser System
  • Conclusion
history
HISTORY
  • Edward Teller, world-renowned expert in thermonuclear energy
    • Envisioned large aircraft armed with high-powered lasers
  • KC-135A originally used
    • ALL (Airborne Laser Laboratory)
    • Carbon dioxide dynamic laser
    • Shot down first target – a towed drone – May 2, 1981
    • July 26, 1983 – shot down five sidewinder air-to-air missles
    • Showed that laser mounted aircraft could be a formidable defensive weapon
    • Returned in 1984
      • Viewed as impractical
      • Laser was too bulky; was dependent on external power source; did not generate enough power to be effective at extended ranges
    • After Saddam Hussein started using Scuds at US troops and its allies in Persian Gulf War, concept of air-to-air missile was revitalized
  • Received $1.1 billion contract for development in 1996
  • Boeing 747-400F
  • Flown to Edwards AFB on December 2002 for installments
  • Will be fully operational along with seven other aircraft by 2008
airborne laser abl
AirBorne Laser (ABL)
  • Boeing 747-400F
  • Carries
    • COIL Laser
    • Infrared Surveillance
    • High speed target acquisition system
    • High precision laser target tracking beam control system
  • Designed to detect and destroy ballistic missiles in its boost phase of flight immediately after missile is launched
  • Flies at an altitude of 40,000 ft
  • Detection of ballistic missiles
    • First detected by

reconnaissance system

    • Data transferred to ABL
    • ABL searches and destroys
  • Able to shoot down 20-40 missiles

before having to re-supply

hydrogen peroxide

abl laser system
ABL LASER SYSTEM
  • Killing Laser Beam / Primary Beam (COIL)
    • Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser
      • Hydrogen peroxide, potassium chloride, chlorine gas, water
      • Number of times more powerful than ALL’s gas dynamic laser
      • Much more compact
      • Internal source power
      • Capable of producing lethal beam over long distance
      • Operates at infrared wavelength of 1.315 microns
    • Located at rear end of fuselage
abl laser system1
ABL LASER SYSTEM
  • Tracking Illuminating Laser Beams (TILL)
    • Determines target’s range
    • Provies initial information about atmosphere
    • Provides aiming data for primary beam
  • Beacon Illuminating Laser (BILL)
    • Provides data of rapidly changing characteristics of the atmosphere along the path of the laser
    • Gives the laser a “clear” view
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • History
  • ABL
  • ABL

Laser

System

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