Part 4 Wireless Network. Wireless Technologies Wireless Networks Wireless Computer Networks Personal Mobile Networks Industry Use Wireless Networks. Wireless Technology Basics. Medium: -- Air Types of Waves used for wireless communications Infrared Radio Wave Microwave Satellite.
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Part 4 Wireless Network • Wireless Technologies • Wireless Networks • Wireless Computer Networks • Personal Mobile Networks • Industry Use Wireless Networks
Wireless Technology Basics • Medium: -- Air • Types of Waves used for wireless communications • Infrared • Radio Wave • Microwave • Satellite Wired communication, directions fixed between sender and receiver Wireless communication, goes to all directions as long as there is an receiver configured with the right frequency
Comparison of Different Wireless Wave • Bandwidth: a measure of frequency range and is typically measured in hertz. Central concept in data communication. Larger bandwidth = more channel to communicate simultaneously faster
Multiplexing – Share communication channel • TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access • CDMA -- Code division multiple access Each can only talk in his assigned time slots. Have to agree upon when to talk. Both can talk together, using assigned codes, which insure that the two signals are orthogonal. So two can talk together. Complicated, but can be more efficient.
Wireless Computer Networks – Radio Frequencies • Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) • Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) • Extension: Wireless Mesh Network • Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks (WMANs) • Wireless Wide Area Networks (WWANs) • Just Proposed. Wider…
Wireless Personal Networks • Connecting Personal Devices • Use Bluetooth Technologies • Bluetooth = IEEE 802.15 • Can connect up to 8 devices within 10-meter area (~30 feet, 10.95 yard) • Transmission rate: ~1Mbps
Wireless LAN • Wireless Local Area Network • Mainly used for devices to communicate to Internet using “hotspots” – access points (APs) • Technology: Wi-Fi = IEEE 802.11 family • Wireless-Fidelity: Industry standards for WLANs • ~ 100 meters, 300 feet, 110 yards
Wi-Fi Family • IEEE 802.11 standards have a set of standards, use 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency channel Faster due to multi-channeling Watch Microsoft video
Problems with Wi-Fi • Roaming: currently hotspots are owned by a variety of vendors. Users cannot roam from hotspot to hotspot if use different Wi-Fi network • Security: radio waves, easy to intercept, difficult to protect • Survivability: currently intense competition. No viable and profitable business model yet.
Wireless MAN • Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks • Technology: Wi-Max = IEEE 802.16 • ~ 31 miles, 75 Mbps • $349 per receiver • Good for city-wide wireless deployment
Computation: • Company A is designing a new service used for travelers to download music to their handheld devices. They have the following choices of technologies to communicate between the music server and the personal handheld device. • A) 10mbps Ethernet B) Bluetooth technology C) IEEE 802.11b D) IEEE 802.11g 1) Assume that the effective communication rate is 40% for all the above communication technologies. Also assume that the average size of a music file is 4MB per song. Estimate the time needed to download 15 songs. 2) Except for communication speed, discuss other pros and cons of implementing those technologies. Based on your discussion, give your choice. 3) Why Wimax is not being considered in this application?
Extension: Using Wi-Fi to Build WMAN • Use Wi-Fi to create a Mesh Network • What is mesh network? – discuss how to form a mesh using cables. • Compare to the current WLAN with wireless-mesh • Less number of access points • Economical solution for rural area and developing countries Wired Network
Mobile Wireless Devices • Use telephone network, satellite network, and other channels • Wireless Application Protocols (WAP) • Application level (5th layer) protocol for small devices, • Tiny screen • Low bandwidth • Minimal memory • The new age of “M-Commerce”
Industry Wireless Applications • Telemetry: sensor + antenna, measure remotely • Used in dangerous, remote, inconvenient areas. • Mesh: Wireless Sensor Networks • RFID: Radio Frequency Identification Tags http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Zj7txoDxbE • Future Fantasy: mote/dust
Business: Telemetry Services Information Right Where You Need It
After class reading • A) The Road to WiMax • To get more business information about WiMax development • (Optional) blog your knowledge of WiMax and your opinions on the future of this technology. • B) Network Applications • How many major categories of network applications have been discussed in this material? • Pick one category you are the most familiar with or the most interested in (based on your reading) and write a paragraph to discuss your understanding. Post your writing on the blog site.