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Eighth Century Prophecy

Eighth Century Prophecy

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Eighth Century Prophecy

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  1. Eighth Century Prophecy Amos, Hosea, Micah, Isaiah

  2. Judah Uzziah 783-742 Jotham 742-735 Ahaz 735-715 Hezekiah 715-687 Israel Jeroboam II 786-746 (assorted 746-737) Pekah 737-732 Hoshea 732-724 Kings of the Lands

  3. Political History • Rezin of Syria (740-732) leads Syro-Ephraemite rebellion against Assyria • Tiglath-Pileser III attacks Samaria 737 • Samaria falls to Sargon II 722/721 • Sennacherib invades Judah 701

  4. Prophets to the North • Amos • From Judah (the southern kingdom) • Hosea • Native to Israel (the northern kingdom)

  5. Amos • Not mentioned outside own book • But compare “man of God” in 1 Kings 13 • Identification • Amos 1:1 • Was he a prophet? • Amos 7:10-17

  6. Message of Amos • The Nations and Israel • Amos 1-2 • Against Social Oppression • Amos 8:4-8 • Call to Justice • Amos 5:14-15 • Appendix • Amos 9:8b-15

  7. Hosea • Hosea marries the loose woman [women] • Hosea 1-3 • Ephraim turning away and back • Hosea 5:9-6:6 • Can God give Israel up? • Hosea 11

  8. After Fall of Samaria • Judean “Escape” from Assyrian invasion • But as vassal state • Weakness of Assyria – moves to independence • Purification of religion [e.g., Hezekiah] • Nationalism and Self-righteousness

  9. Prophets to the South • Isaiah • Resident of Jerusalem • First “Major” Prophet • Micah • Resident of Moresheth-Gath • One of the book of the twelve

  10. The Book of Isaiah • 1-39 Isaiah of Jerusalem • 24-27, 33-35 later traditions • 36-39 parallel 2 Kings • 40-66 Book of Consolation • 40-55 Second (Deutero) Isaiah • 56-66 Third (Trito) Isaiah

  11. The “Call” of Isaiah • The Vision • Isaiah 6 • Other “Calls” • Amos 7:14-17 • Jeremiah 1:4-19 • Ezekiel 1:4 - 3:15 • Isaiah 40:1-8; 49:5-7

  12. Message of Isaiah (1) • Centrality of Zion (Jerusalem) • Isaiah 2:2-4 [Micah 4:1-4] • Role of Davidic kingdom • Isaiah 11:1-3

  13. Message of Isaiah (2) • Assyria and Israel (Judah) • Isaiah 10:5-23 • Social inequity • Isaiah 5:8-17 • God and God’s people • Isaiah 1:2-17 [7:10-25]

  14. The Prophet Micah • Samaria and Jerusalem in same boat • Micah 1:2-9 • Judgment on civil and religious leaders • Micah 3 • God’s case against God’s people • Micah 6:1-8