Crime and Social Groups. Tonight Quiz review Crime in the news 3 Major theories on crime Types of crimes Types of groups Power of Groups. Quiz results. Class average 89\%. Sociological Imagination/ Perspective.
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Crime in the news
3 Major theories on crime
Types of crimes
Types of groups
Power of Groups
Class average 89%
Focus on the bigger picture, the time, place, and culture the individual lives in, and how these factors might influence their beliefs
Focus on the individual
Or the individual immediate influences such as work and family
1.Innovation-accept the cultural goal but reject the institutional means of attaining it
Example: a person who rejects the idea of going to college to get a high paying job, and instead makes their money through drug dealing; seeking financial success but not following norms of society to achieve the success
2.Ritualism-does not buy into the goals of society but follow the routines
Example:a high school student who goes through the motion of going to class, does the assignments, and studies for exams, but has abandoned the goal of financial success and has no desire to go to college and get a high paying job
3. . Retreatism- individuals have rejected both the goals of culture and retreated from society
Example:drug addicts divorce themselves from society- They would not seek the goals or rewards of society, they would only seek access to the drug they are addicted to, and be willing to break the law to obtain those drugs
4. Rebellion-rejecting the values and institutions of one’s culture and substituting them a new set of values.
Rejecting the goal of financial success and deciding to focus on giving to others instead
A woman rejecting the goal of attaining physical beauty and deciding to focus on animal rights instead
5. Conformity-individuals who accept the cultural goals of society as well as the institutionalized means of attaining these goals. They work hard in legitimate ways to achieve success.
Example:someone who believes in the goals of personal financial achievement and subsequently studies business administration in college, earns an M.B.A and then begins their own online company
Crime is functional for society
Sub-cultural theories argue that certain groups or subcultures in society have values and attitudes that are conducive to crime and violence.
Control theory (by Hirschi):
(b) Commitment to conventional goals
(c) Involvement in conventional activities
(d) Belief in the moral standards of society
Can you match the labels to the photograph?
Marijuana use among races in the United States
The National Household Survey on Drug Abuse found that white youths are more likely to use marijuana than Hispanic, Black, or Asian youth
Source: NHSDA 2000 http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/2k2/YouthMJuse/YouthMJuse.htm
Types of Crime
1) Index crimes (street crimes) 2 types:
2) Vice crimes (non-violent)
3) White collar crime
4) Organized crime
5) Computer crime
6) Juvenile delinquency
In 2002, Firestone executives let faulty tires remain on US vehicles, even though they were recalling the tires in Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
More than 200 Americans died from accidents
The fault may be Firestone’s for manufacturing defective tires, or Ford, for equipping vehicles with tires that were too small, or perhaps both companies were at fault
No Firestone or Ford Executive went to jail (Henslin, 2006)
Boeing Satellite Systems
In 2003, two leading US aerospace companies, were accused of illegally exporting missile technology to China. The technology allowed China to improve its delivery system for nuclear weapons, therefore placing the United States at risk.
The two companies pleaded guilty and paid fines.
No executives went to jail. (Henslin, 2006)
National Geographic: Prison Nation
(less stable than a dyad)
Pussycat Dolls“When I Grow Up”
In the Spring of 2004 it was revealed that American soldiers who were military guards in Iraqi prison Abu Ghraib engaged in severe torture of prisoners of war
The torture included:
In both Nazi Germany in the 1940’s as well as Iraq in 2004 the soldiers responded similarly when asked why they engaged in these acts…
…they were only following orders
Stanford Prison Experiment
simulating a prison environment
Group think: tendency for a members to reach a consensus at all costs
Risky shift: the tendency to engage in riskier behavior in a group then one would individually
Deindividuation: the feeling that one’s self has merged with the group. Results in decrease or loss of individual responsibility for an action
Which of the following proposed solutions do you would be MOST or LEAST effective at reducing crime among youth and adults?