Beach Mouse Translocations along the Gulf Coast Photo: FDEP Sandra Sneckenberger, USFWS Panama City Florida Ecological Services November 8, 2007
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the federal government hierarchy • Outreach/ Public Affairs • Partners for Fish and Wildlife • Coastal program • Environmental Contaminants • Section 7/Federal Projects • Section 10 /Habitat Conservation Planning • Listing/ Recovery Ecological Services
Why are reintroductions or translocations done? • Buffers the species from extreme events • Provides the species a greater chance of withstanding stochasticity • Has the potential to do harm • Genetic variation of the original population cannot be regained
Translocations in 6 “easy” steps • Know the biology of the species and its ecological role in the environment. • Assess potential donor and recipient sites within the historic range of the species. • Assess the health and suitability of the donor population. • Identify potential economic, political, and social conflicts. • Develop a reintroduction plan in coordination with your partners that includes monitoring, proper study design, and measures to alleviate conflicts. • Implement the plan; report results! Fiedler, P.L., and M.J. Groom. 2006. Restoration of damaged ecosystems and endangered populations. Pages 553-590 in Groom, M.J., G.K. Meffe, and C.R. Carroll, eds. Principles of Conservation Biology. Sinauer Assoc., Inc. Sunderland, Mass. Photo: J. Van Zant
Beach Mice 101 Peromyscus polionotus subspecies Photo: Peromyscus Genetic Stock Center
Beach Mice 101 Baldwin, AL Kathryn Smith
Perdido Key Beach Mouse Translocations Gulf Islands National Seashore Perdido Key State Park Gulf State Park
Perdido Key Beach Mouse Translocations 1979: <100 PKBM total in GINS and GSP 1982: No mice at GINS 1986: Only known PKBM at GSP 1986-1988: Translocation of 15 pairs from GSP to GINS 1998: No mice at GSP! 2000-2002: Translocation from GINS to PKSP 2004: Hurricane Ivan 2007: GINS and PKSP are occupied Gulf Islands National Seashore Perdido Key State Park Gulf State Park Holler, N.R., D.W. Mason, R. M. Dawson, T. Simons, and M.C. Wooten. 1989. Reestablishment of the Perdido Key beach mouse on Gulf Islands National Seashore. Conservation Biology 3: 397-404.
Notable translocations with other beach mouse subspecies • Alabama beach mouse • Translocation from private lands to unoccupied Gulf State Park
Notable translocations with other beach mouse subspecies • Choctawhatchee beach mouse • Captive bred individuals were reintroduced to Grayton Beach State Park in 1987-1988 • Translocation of individuals from Shell Island to occupied habitat at Grayton Beach State Park was conducted in 1999 to 2000. • (Van Zant, J.L. and M.C. Wooten. 2003. Translocation of Choctawhatchee beach mice: hard lessons learned. Biological Conservation 112: 405-413.) • Translocations of individuals from Topsail Hill State Park to private lands in 2003 and 2005.
Notable translocations with other beach mouse subspecies • St. Andrew beach mouse • Translocation in 1997 released SABM from St. Joseph Peninsula State Park to East Crooked Island. Oops?
Complications with Beach Mouse Translocations Maintaining genetic variation Founder effect and secondary translocations Effective population size Health of donor population Health of recipient site Public perception Genetics of donor population Genetics of recipient site population (historically) Cooperation from public lands Funding Time to do it right
Thanks! Sandra Sneckenberger Sandra_Sneckenberger@fws.gov 850-769-0552 ext. 239 www.usajobs.gov