The French and Indian War. Competing European Claims . In the middle of the 18th century, France and England had competing claims for land in North America. The French held trapping and trade routes in the Ohio Valley.
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Young George Washington
A recreation of Ft. Necessity.
"Join or Die" (1754) published by Franklin is considered the first political cartoon of the colonies.
9. That the assent of the President-General be requisite to all acts of the Grand Council, and that it be his office and duty to cause them to be carried into execution.
10. That the President-General, with the advice of the Grand Council, hold or direct all Indian treaties… and make peace or declare war with Indian nations.
11. That they make such laws as they judge necessary for regulating all Indian trade. …
15. That they raise and pay soldiers and build forts for the defence of any of the Colonies…
16. That for these purposes they have power to make laws, and lay and levy such general duties, imposts, or taxes…
“[the President]…he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed…”
“[the President]…shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur…”
“[Congress will] regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes…”
“[Congress will] raise and support Armies…To provide and maintain a Navy…”
“The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises…”
From the Albany Plan of Union (1754)
From the Constitution (1787)