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Chinese Medicine. By Patricia Renaud. There is a great difference between the modern philosophy & the ancient philosophy of Chinese Medicine Folk remedy co-exists along side modern medicine Mix Western & Chinese Medicines

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chinese medicine

Chinese Medicine


Patricia Renaud

there are many misconceptions about chinese medicine
There is a great difference between the modern philosophy & the ancient philosophy of Chinese Medicine

Folk remedy co-exists along side modern medicine

Mix Western & Chinese Medicines

For the Chinese practitioner the mixing is not important, the results is what matters

There are many misconceptions about Chinese Medicine
philosophy theory of chinese medicine
Chinese medicine considers illness & cures in the human body as a combination of emotional, physical, psychological, environmental & cosmic factors

Chinese medicine deals with the mind, body, general health and disease totally when treating a person

Philosophy & Theory of Chinese Medicine
origin of chinese medicine
The legendary founders of Chinese medicine for the Chinese people are:

The Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) &

The Devine Farmer (Shen Nong)

Began to take form 5000 years ago

Women who can bring down the Spirits & the cultivation of Spirits play an important role in early Chinese medicine & remain a predominate factor in Chinese folk medicine

Origin of Chinese Medicine
two main types of chinese medical practitioners
Official doctors-trained in official training centers or government colleges

served gentry

Unofficial doctors (itinerant or religious folk doctors)-educated by teachers, often family members or religious teachers

served common people & sometimes upper class

Two main types of Chinese medical practitioners
there are several varieties of chinese medicine including



Chinese Nutrition




Diagnosis-Observation of patient

Therapy & Therapeutic Techniques





There are several varieties of Chinese Medicine including
The four basic methods of examination (sizhen) are:

looking at the patient(wangzhen)

examination by listening, smelling, & tasting (wenzhen)

examination by interrogation (wenzhen)

examination by touching (qiezhen)

observing the patient
Observes body as a whole

Some diseases show in the way a person moves & looks

Observes shape of the body-large, small, thin, fat

Observes posture of patient-may indicate deviation of backbone

Observes color of face & parts of body

Observes how patient behaves-quiet, aggressive, disturbed, does he think clearly, does he make sense

Observes parts of body-head, hair, hands, tongue,

Observing the patient
eight factors that guide the practitioner
Two basic elements of change-yin & yang can be called by different names to distinguish areas but the underlying theory is still the yin-yang relationship

biao-on the surface or superficial

li-internal or fundamental



xu-empty or powerless

shi-over-powerful or full

Eight factors that guide the practitioner
chinese therapy therapeutic techniques
Preserving health & preventing disease better than curing

Herbal medicines & other external & internal practices of prevention popular in China

Have innumerable exercises & herbal preparations

Prevent disease by practicing qigong & taijiquan

Physicians advise patient to take up form of exercise to recover from illness, keep in shape & prevent recurring illness

There are pills & medicines for regaining vitality

Chinese Therapy & Therapeutic Techniques
eight methods of therapy curing
Han- (sweating) making the patient sweat- superficial damage caused by external circumstances

Tu- (vomiting) making the patient vomit- like when food is not digested or person has been poisoned

Xia- (lowering) forcing matter in the body downward- like when there is constipation

He- (harmonizing) adjust or regulate a body function- as when upper & lower parts are not in harmony

Eight methods of Therapy(Curing)
eight methods of therapy curing continued
Wen- (warning) raising the temperature in an area of the body- used when cold is cause of disease

Qing- (purifying) clearing heat & purifying the body- used when heat is the source of illness

Xiao- (dispelling) eliminating or dispelling the cause of disease- eliminate blockages, blocked body fluid or blocked materials

Bu- (supplying) improve conditions of bloodfluid & functions of the body- gives someone more strength

Eight Methods of Therapy (curing) continued
Zhenfa (needle technique) is a way of influencing bodily functions by inserting needles in the Xue (acupuncture points)

Was popular in ancient times then forbidden in 1822, was rediscovered this century

Physician must be acquainted with the exact location of the Xue or can cause damage instead of cure

acupuncture needles
Originally used 9 needles but now use many more

Needles originally made of bone, stone or metal including gold or silver now they are made of stainless steel

Needles used differ in both length & thickness

Smallest needles measure less than one inch but largest can be one foot in length

Needles can be inserted perpendicular or slanting

Speed of insertion, depth of insertion differ

Once inserted needle may be turned, pulled, heated

Acupuncture Needles
documented successes with acupuncture
Acupuncture is combined with herbs in the treatment of Chronic Fatigue

considered a paradigm shift that causes damp heat, latent heat, Qi deficiency & blood deficiency

Acupuncture used for Back pain

considered blood stagnation causing damp heat &kidney pathology(can be anything from stones to deficiency in Yin or Yang)

Acupuncture & herbs successfully used for treatment of “Women’s problems”

(Menopause, PMS, Pain occurring with menstruation and excessive flow or spotting)

Documented Successes with Acupuncture
more successful uses of acupuncture
Lupus-acupuncture combined with herbal formulas for full recovery of patients

Sciatica-acupuncture combined with acupressure for full relief of pain

Varicose veins-acupuncture combined with hot herbal decoction to soak & wash area to speed healing

Infertility-acupuncture has been combined with traditional Chinese medicine in the successful treatment of various causes of infertility in both male & female patients

More successful uses of Acupuncture
Similar to Acupuncture in use of points but uses pressure instead of needles

Pressure on different points can relieve or cure many different ailments (including pain in bones, joints, muscles & nerves to blockages like carpal tunnel)

Continued use will relieve many conditions that normally require surgery in Western countries

Application of very powerful & pungent essence to strategic points

Mainly used in combination with Acupuncture

Moxibustion is the burning of the Moxa herb

Moxa particularly effective when patient is suffering from cold or dampness

Herb thought to be pure Yang in nature therefore suitable for warming

One method of treatment is burn herb rolled in paper a short distance from the skin along the track of the jing (meridians)

also burn over holes to allow to enter body (as ears, mouth, nose)

chinese massage
Consists of internal & external aspects

Influence conditions of the skin & muscles

May be directed at the bones, joints, bloodfluid, or other internal parts or functions

Uses techniques like chiropractic in the West

All parts of the body can be treated

Self-massage is form of this therapy

Chinese Massage
there are eight fundamental techniques of massage from which all other forms derive
Tui (pushing)

Na (grasping)

An (pressing or pushing downward)

Qian (pulling)

Da (beating)

Dong (moving)

Mo (rubbing)

Gun (rolling like waves)

There are eight fundamental techniques of massage from which all other forms derive
different systems of massage
There are many combinations derived from the eight fundamental techniques of massage such as:

Tuina (pushing & grasping)

Anmo (pressing & rubbing)

Dianxue (touching of the holes)

Who techniques are practiced:

One hand Combination of hand & foot

Two hands Using other parts of body

With feet Using a massage medium (such as sticks, rollers or herbal preparation)

Different systems of Massage
The skill of directing & controlling Qi

Rapid development of Qigong is based on clinical results & supported by scientific research

Includes methods similar to hypnosis, psychotherapy, trance, laying of hands and magnetism

Is used for many things including the treatment of cancer

IS also the practice of exercise (Physician must undergo a long period of body & mind training before they are allowed to practice or teach)

qigong continued
Physician uses concentration & relaxation in his body to make his own qi flow in the direction he wishes ( he can transmit it into the patients body directly or by touching the person)

When this is done, magnetic, bio-electrical reactions, hormonal & molecular changes occur

Greatest changes seem to be within body cells

Qigong physician is employed at every respectable hospital to teach patients health exercises both for rehabilitation or to prevent development of disease

Qigong continued
chinese herbal medicine
The oldest medical book that mentions herbs is the Huang Di Nei Jing (The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine)

Book is dated to between 800 BC & 200 BC

Compendium of medical theory & practice attributed to Yellow Emperor thought to have lived c.4700 BC (he may be a mythical character used to provide credence to the work though)

Chinese Herbal Medicine
period of the nei jing
This period one of great creativity & change

Period of transition from shamanistic medicine to one based on theory & accumulated knowledge of body

Book discusses theory of medicine & knowledge even though it was suppose to have been written 2500 years prior to this

The 28 substances & 12 prescriptions are the first mention of Chinese Herbal Medicine & continues to be practiced today

Period of the Nei Jing
herbology other medicines
Pharmacology is an ancient Chinese science

Ingredients used range from herbs to minerals to animal components

Almost anything within these boundaries is suitable for use in a medication

Herbology & Other Medicines
preparation of medicine
When preparing medicines they take into consideration the basic compatibility or incompatibility of the different products, the volume used, the way it will be used (orally or externally), the restrictions & prohibitions or counter-indications of the productsPreparation of Medicine
Unique strength of herbal therapies is that the prescription is made to order according to the needs of a specific person

A formula for one person for a headache will contain different ingredients for that person than it would for another person also with headaches

Ingredients are all natural

Can be without animal products (for a vegetarian)

there are many uses of ginkgo
Memory impairment such as Alzheimer’s disease & other mental disorders from poor circulation-improves the memory & mental acuity in many chronic brain syndromes

Circulation problems-improves the blood flow by reducing thickness in blood

The extract of the nut & leaves of the Ginkgo tree are used.

Known as an excellent antioxidant

There are many uses of Ginkgo
new product used as a cure for tumor or cancer
New anti-cancer Chinese prescription proven & recognized to have 80% curing rate in the final stages of Cancer patients in clinical tests all over China & the National Cancer Institute of the U.S. Called“China No. 1 Tian Xian Liquid”

Has been documented to reduce or cure breast lumps

Breast cancer patients cancer spread to bone tissue yet after treatment patient returned to work

Colon cancer patient in final stage is cured

New product used as a cure for Tumor or Cancer
how chinese medicine is classified yaoxing nature or weidao taste
Four qi (siqi) of medicine:





Medicine not fitting these categories are called pingxing yao (neutral nature)

Smell & taste of medicines allow them to be be classed in other categories:








How Chinese medicine is classified:Yaoxing-nature orWeidao-taste
how the medicines work
Each & every nature or taste influences the basic cause of disease and creates a change in the condition

The taste makes them harmonize with certain body functions & through the relationships of the five agents they affect the functions either directly or indirectly

How the medicines work:
how are medicines prepared



Zhi-roasting in a liquid (including vinegar, honey, alcohol, water etc.)

Wei-stewing (wrapped in wet paper or wet bread until outer material becomes dark)

How are medicines prepared?
Jiaofa-(horn-method) where physician uses glass cups or bamboo segments, heated on the inside by fire, and stuck to parts of the patients body

Cup sticks tightly because of the vacuum created by the heat and dispels cold & dampness from the body. It then warms the Qi and reduces swelling

This is the nourishment or cultivation of life

By taking care of one’s life & daily influences or activities, disease is prevented

Uses diet & exercise

Uses martial arts & even Yoga

Some knowledge of the body is required for this

Stresses the importance of uniting the Qi otherwise no single method will prolong life

Mantras are powerful therapeutic means to the Chinese

Are pronounced silently or aloud

Promotes health & inner comfort

Mantras can have the opposite effect

Fu are talismans (secret writing in red ink or blood on yellow paper & given to the person) were used to expel evil influences or as a spiritual means to make a person more in harmony with their surroundings

The Chinese learned long age that the body was a circuitry of electrical impulses with a variety of critical points along the electrical pathways

A needle applied to the proper point energizes a particular organ

Believed emotional events create blocks in the circuitry & must be relieved so energy flow can be restored

observation on ancient sciences
While Chinese were mapping the strategic points of the body , the astrologers were mapping the skies.

Is there one source of wisdom and have the ancient Chinese & astrologers been able to tap into it and turn this into their healing arts with the combination of both things?????

Observation on ancient sciences