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Chinese Medicine Han Dynasty (202 B.C. – 220 A.D.) “The history of Chinese medicine is the history of China” - Ancient Healing: Unlocking the Mysteries of Health and Healing Through the Ages Extent of the Han Empire Pan Gu Timeline

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chinese medicine

Chinese Medicine

Han Dynasty

(202 B.C. – 220 A.D.)

“The history of Chinese medicine is the history of China”

-Ancient Healing: Unlocking the Mysteries of Health and Healing Through the Ages

  • 1700 B.C. First organized therapeutic activity thought to have bee practiced in China
  • 18 Century – 12 Century Shang Dynasty, use of Bone Oracle Divination for medical diagnosis of illness and suggested cure
  • 12 Century – 221 B.C. Demonologic therapy is practiced
  • ~551 B.C. – 479 B.C. Life of Confucius
  • 221 BC – 206 B.C. Much of what came to be known as China is unified for the first time in by the frontier state of Qin, which managed to bring the other states under its control
  • 202 B.C. China unites as the Han Empire
the han empire
The Han Empire
  • Qin Shin Huangdi “First Emperor”
  • Standardization of legal codes, bureaucratic processes, patterns of thought, scholarship
  • The Han Dynasty emerged after a short period of Civil War and would run from 206 B.C. - 220 A.D.  It would be interrupted for a period of 15 years, but would establish itself once again for a further 200 years.
  • Continued standardization
  • Marked by military expansion into Vietnam and Korea
  • Established a tributary system in which regions had to acknowledge the symbolic rule of the Han
medical practices of the han dynasty
Medical Practices of the Han Dynasty
  • The Five Phase Theory

- Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water

theories of movement and replenishing the body
Theories of Movement and Replenishing the Body
  • Theories of Movement
  • Engendering Cycle

- Restraining Cycle

  • Replenishing the Body
  • Direct Means

- Supplementing

- Create a Balance

the concept of qi chi
The Concept of Qi (Chi)
  • "Breath" or "Life Force"
  • "When Qi moves, there is no pain"
  • Imbalance of Qi

Symbol for Qi

the unity of man and nature
The Unity of Man and Nature
  • Belief at the root of all Chinese medical practices
  • A relationship between the environment, the state of the world and the state of the body
  • Both the natural and the social environments have an affect on the human body
  • Chinese theory states that the universe can be discussed in terms of causes of disease: i.e. the six environmental excesses
the six environmental excesses
The Six Environmental Excesses
  • Six environmental conditions which the Chinese believed could cause disease
  • Wind, Cold, Summer Heat, Dampness, Dryness, and Fire
  • The diseases caused by these excesses are seasonal, with some exceptions
  • Diagnosis based on the nature of the symptoms
  • Treatments based on the theory of opposites
yin and yang
Yin and Yang
  • The most fundamental concept in Chinese philosophy of medicine
  • The sunny side of a hill (yang) and the shady side of a hill (yin)
  • Sets of opposites
  • Three conditions are that yin and yang must be present simultaneously, each contain elements of each other, and able to transform into each other
  • Everything in yin-yang philosophy must be yin or yang in relation to something else
  • Controversy over whether yin and yang have physical existence or are just concepts
  • Disease can be imbalances between yin and yang
  • Finding out the cause of imbalance is necessary in order for treatment
yellow emperor s internal canon of medicine
Yellow Emperor’s Internal Canon of Medicine
  • Earliest medical book in china (476-211 B.C.)
  • Wang Binn
  • 24 volumes and 81 chapters
  • contains different principles of harmony
  • Modern Names of the Internal Canon of Medicine.
common chinese herbs
Common Chinese Herbs

Sour Date Kernel

Huperzia serrata

common chinese herbs20
Common Chinese Herbs