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Anatomy and Physiology 2013-2014 PowerPoint Presentation
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Anatomy and Physiology 2013-2014

Anatomy and Physiology 2013-2014

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Anatomy and Physiology 2013-2014

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  1. Anatomy and Physiology 2013-2014

  2. Mrs. Tsimberg … I’ll have you introduce yourselves later in class to break things up a bit!

  3. Anatomy & Physiology What is it?

  4. Anatomy & Physiology Anatomy - the study of the structure of the body Physiology – the study of the function of the body Anatomy of the nephron Physiology of the nephron

  5. Course Content Topic Schedule • Unit I: Body organization • Unit II: Covering, support, and movement • Unit III: Regulation and integration of the body • Unit IV: Transport systems • Unit V: Respiratory and Digestive Systems • Unit VI: Urinary & Reproductive Systems

  6. Course Content Assessment • Minor assignments: 20% • Exams & Quizzes: 50% • Projects: 30%

  7. Course Content Assessment • Minor assignments: 20% • Exams & Quizzes: 50% • Projects: 30% Practical work • Focus on visualizing anatomy and conceptualizing physiology • Some major / some minor

  8. Course Content Disease Presentations • Research a disease related to the systems covered • Present information in a variety of formats • One each during first 3 quarters • Goals • Learn more about the body through studying dysfunction • College-ready research and writing skills!

  9. Course Rules Respect Our Time and Each Other • Show up on time, with materials, and prepared to work • Non-distracting food is ok if its not a lab day • Keep an organized, up-to-date binder with all handouts and assignments • No phones or computers • Go “All In”

  10. Key to Success: Hard Work & Grit • Study a minimum of 30 min every day we have class • Use multiple study techniques. Good techniques will include visualization and recall (not just re-reading) • Read the textbook before class. • If you have trouble, talk with me!

  11. Pick 2 Introduce yourself and pick 2 things to share with the class • What you want to major in • Where you want to go to college • Favorite hobby / activity • Something interesting from the summer • Farthest place you’ve traveled

  12. Unit I: Body Organization Guiding question: • How are simple parts organized into complex structures? Significant concepts: • Complex structures are made of smaller, simpler units working together • Structure facilitates function. AOI: Community and Social

  13. Today’s Objectives • Define anatomy and physiology and provide examples • Describe the levels of organization of the body • Explain an example of structure facilitating function

  14. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? What is physiology?

  15. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? The structure of the body What is physiology? The function of the body Anatomy or physiology? • Muscle cells have a large number of mitochondria • Muscle cells expend a lot of energy when contracting

  16. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? The structure of the body What is physiology? The function of the body Anatomy or physiology? • Muscle cells have a large number of mitochondria A • Muscle cells expend a lot of energy when contracting P

  17. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? The structure of the body What is physiology? The function of the body Anatomy or physiology? • Muscle cells have a large number of mitochondria A • Muscle cells expend a lot of energy when contracting P • The epithelial tissue bladder is made of transitional cells. • Transitional epithelial cells can change shape, elongating to stretch or and rounding to shrink.

  18. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? The structure of the body What is physiology? The function of the body Anatomy or physiology? • Muscle cells have a large number of mitochondria A • Muscle cells expend a lot of energy when contracting P • The epithelial tissue bladder is made of transitional cells. A • Transitional epithelial cells can change shape, elongating to stretch or and rounding to shrink. P

  19. Anatomy & Physiology What is anatomy? The structure of the body What is physiology? The function of the body Anatomy or physiology? Make an your own example, then quiz your partner. (3 minutes)

  20. Structure facilitates function What does this mean?

  21. Structure facilitates function What does this mean? • The structure of an object is designed to carry out certain functions efficiently • You can guess a lot about the function of an object by looking at its structure • Thinking carefully about the function of an object will better help you understand and remember its structure.

  22. Structure facilitates function Examples: • Muscle expends more energy than most tissue, and so have a higher number of mitochondria. • Bladder needs to expand (and shrink) to hold urine, and so is lined with transitional epithelial cells that can change shape. What other examples can you think of? (Stop and Jot – 1 minute) (Share with your table partner – 2 minutes)

  23. Levels of Organization The body can be organized in many different ways. What ways can you think of?

  24. Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism

  25. Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism Chemical: 1 or more atoms bonded together

  26. Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism Cell: smallest unit of life

  27. Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism tissue: group of similar cells that have a common function

  28. organ: a structure made of 2 or more tissue types that performs a specific function Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism

  29. Organ system: 2 or more organs that work together to carry out a specific function Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism

  30. Organism: The living organism; the sum of all the organ systems Levels of Organization Chemicals  Cells  Tissue  Organs  Organ systems  Organism

  31. Levels of Organization What is the difference between … • A cell and a chemical? • A tissue and an organ? • An organ and an organ system? Cells contain multiple chemicals, and can do all the processes of life Organs contain multiple tissues Organ systems contain multiple organs

  32. What level? Wait until I say then show with your fingers … 1 = chemical, 2= cell, 3 = tissue, 4 = organ, 5 = organ system An artery 4 How can you tell?

  33. What level? Wait until I say then show with your fingers … 1 = chemical, 2= cell, 3 = tissue, 4 = organ, 5 = organ system Muscle tissue 3 How can you tell?

  34. What level? Wait until I say then show with your fingers … 1 = chemical, 2= cell, 3 = tissue, 4 = organ, 5 = organ system Transitional epithelial cell (in transitional epithelial tissue in the bladder!) 1 How can you tell?

  35. Homework Read Chapter 1

  36. Closure What were the objectives? How did well did we meet them / what did you learn? What was our learner profile trait and how did we show it? How does what we did today relate to our unit objective? Law of Closure – Our mind fills in gaps to help us see objects as a whole picture.

  37. Exit Ticket On the “do now” paper: 1. What concerns do you have about this class? 2. How will this class differ from your expectations? • Physiology is the study of the _____________ of the body. • What is the difference between a tissue and an organ? • What level of organization is shown in the picture?