The subjunctive mood
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The Subjunctive Mood. What is the subjunctive?. It is a mood. A mood tells us how an action or condition is conceived by the speaker or writer A mood is not a tense. A tense references when an action or condition takes place.

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What is the subjunctive
What is the subjunctive?

  • It is a mood.

  • A mood tells us how an action or condition is conceived by the speaker or writer

  • A mood is not a tense.

  • A tense references when an action or condition takes place.

  • The subjunctive represents an action or condition that is not a fact but is contingent or possible


What do you need to know
What do you need to know?

  • How the subjunctive verbs are formed.

  • How to form subjunctive verbs

  • The super irregular verbs

  • The types of verbs that will trigger

  • a subjunctive sentence

  • The structure of a subjunctive sentence


The subjunctive mood

Firstlet’slearnhowto

formthesubjunctive?



The subjunctive mood

An easy way to remember how to conjugate say…

is to remember:

Go “yo”

Drop the “o”

Add the “oppo” (e,a)

ar verb endings er/ir verb endings

-e -emos -a -amos

-es -éis -as -áis

-e -en -a -an

Don’tforgetaboutthestemchanging and

“go” verbs.


The subjunctive mood

Of Course…. say…

There are six super irregular subjunctive verbs.

They are the only verbs that do not end in “o” when conjugated in the “yo” form of the present tense.


The subjunctive mood

They are easy to remember them because they say…

spell…

Infinitive Present “yo” Subjunctive “yo”

Dar doydé

I r voyvaya

Ser soy sea

Haber he haya

Estarestoyesté

Saber sésepa



The subjunctive mood

Another way to remember what the verbs will likely call for the use of the subjunctive is to remember the word…

W – wishes, desires, imperatives (querer, desear, mandar)

E - emotions (alegrarse de, entristeserse de)

I – impersonal observations (esimportante, esposible)

R – recommendations ( recomendar, aconsejar)

D – doubt, denial, disbelief (dudar, negar, no creer)

O – ojalá – God willing, let’s hope that God…


Let s review the typical structure of a subjunctive sentence
Let’s review the typical structure of a subjunctive sentence

1ST SUBJECT

1ST VERB IN

THE INDICATIVE

2nd subject

2nd verb in the subjunctive

que


The subjunctive mood

Buster sentencequierequeAlemaniagane el partido de fútbol.


The subjunctive mood

Mi madre no quiere sentenceque

coma la fresa.


The subjunctive mood

Espero sentencequedisfruten el viaje.


The subjunctive mood

Hablando sentence del subjuntivo…


The subjunctive mood

Citations sentence

Segments of:

The Constructive World of Advanced Spanish: Program 07: Subjunctive and Formal Commands. Goldhil.(2002). Retrieved February 12, 2010, fromDiscovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com