St. Joseph County Profile of Youth Search Institute results for 2004
Search Institute Study Developmental Assets: A Profile of youth in St. Joseph County
Developmental Assets • Search Institutes 40 developmental assets assesses the health and well being of youth. They represent a common core of building blocks crucial for all youth. • Search Institute studies summarizes the extent to which these assets exist in our community and how they impact behaviors.
Assets – 40 assets, 2 groups External – Positive experiences and support one receives from formal and informal connections to others in the community Internal – things a family and community nurture within youth so that they can contribute to their own development
External assets • Support • Empowerment • Boundaries/Expectations • Constructive use of time
Support • Refers to the way youth experience love and acceptance from their families as well as the community.
Empowerment • Relate to youths need to be valued and feel valuable. How do youth think they are viewed by the community and can they contribute to their society in a meaningful way?
Boundaries and Expectations • Refers to the need for youth to have clear AND enforced boundaries within family, school and in their neighborhood, or community. There needs to be consistent messages about appropriate and acceptable behavior.
Constructive use of time • Are there a wide variety of structured opportunities for youth to spend their time; whether through schools, community organizations or religious institutions?
Internal Assets • Commitment to learning • Positive Values • Social Competencies • Positive Identity
Commitment to Learning • Refers to the development of an intellectual curiosity and the skills to gain new knowledge and learn from experiences.
Positive Values • Our “internal compass” we use to guide our choices and set priorities.
Social Competencies Reflects the personal skills youth need to make choices in society. They include; • Decision making • Interpersonal skills • Cultural competence • Resistance skills • Conflict resolution skills.
Positive Identity • Focuses on a young persons view of themselves, their own sense of power, purpose, worth and promise.
Indicators The positive and negative consequences of developmental assets. There are 2 types identified in this study. Thriving indicators – increase as asset levels rise Deficits – increase as asset levels fall
Thriving IndicatorsEvidence that successful development is occurring • Succeeds in school • Helps others • Values diversity • Maintains good health • Exhibits leadership • Resists danger • Delays gratification • Overcomes adversity
Deficits – “the flip side” • These are countervailing influences that can interfere with healthy development, blocking development of assets and easing the way to risky behavioral choices. On their own, they do not necessarily do permanent harm, but each makes harm more possible
Deficits • Alone at home 2 hrs./day or more • TV overexposure 3 hrs./day or more • Physical Abuse 1 or more incident • Victim of Violence 1 or more – past 2 yrs. • Drinking parties 1 or more – past year
Search Institute – The Survey • The survey was conducted in April of 2004 with 956 students being surveyed in St. Joseph County. Grades included were 7, 9 and 11. 156 questions were posed to students to assess their assets, deficits, risk taking behaviors and thriving indicators.
Participating Schools • Centerville – Jr. & Sr. High School • Colon – Jr. & Sr. High School • Constantine – Jr. & Sr. High School • Mendon – Jr. & Sr. High School • Sturgis – Jr. & Sr. High School • Three Rivers Jr. & Sr. High School • White Pigeon Jr. & Sr. High School
Search Institute Surveys“Risk taking and assets” • The survey asks the students about risk taking behaviors including drug use, violent behaviors and sexual activity. The behaviors are compared to the asset profiles, both positive and negative, to determine the relationship between asset levels and risk taking behavior.
Percent of the Surveyed Populationby Sex and Grade Level2004 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
Number of Students Surveyed, by Grade Level2002/4 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
% of Surveyed Population by Race, 20042004 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
% of Surveyed Population by Race, 2002 2002 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
Family Structure, 20042004 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
Family Structure – 20022002 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
Average Number of Youth Assets, By Grade –SJ 2004 and 20022002/4 Search Institute Study, St. Joseph County
External Assets: Constructive Use of Time, SJ 2004 and 2002SI 2004 and 2002
Summary of Asset Levels 2002 vs. 2004Search Institute 2002/4 2002 2004 0-10 Assets 17% 14% 11-20 Assets 45% 43% 21-30 Assets 31% 35% 31-40 Assets 7% 8% Note: 13% more kids with 20+ assets 13% may seem somewhat small, but with 1,000 kids…
Does anyone remember those thriving indicators? By all rights we aught to have higher levels. Well, how did we do?
Deficits – a dirty word Ok, let’s hear it. What about the bad stuff?