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Standard 4. The student will identify the ideological, military, and diplomatic aspects of the American Revolution. Who is Paul Revere??. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Midnight Ride of Paul Revere. Let’s Take a look at what really happened!!. Enlightenment.

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Standard 4

Standard 4

The student will identify the ideological, military, and diplomatic aspects of the American Revolution.


  • It was an 18th-century movement that emphasized science and reason as key to improving society.

  • John Locke was a great political writer of the time.

  • Enlightenment and John Locke greatly influenced Thomas Jefferson, who was the writer of the Declaration of Independence.

Natural rights inalienable rights
Natural Rights/Inalienable Rights

  • John Locke believed that these rights (life, liberty, and property) belonged to people simply because they are human and aren’t given to them by any king or government.

  • Locke believed that people created governments to protect their natural rights. This was known as social contract.

  • If the government failed in this contract, the people had the right to revolt and replace the government.

Class social contract
Class Social Contract

  • Get into groups of three or four

  • Make a contract that has a tradeoff between me as the teacher and you as the students.

  • For example, If all students come to class on time for two weeks, then Mr. Smalley will drop the lowest classwork grade.

  • Write your proposal down on a piece of paper and we will vote as a class.

Thomas jefferson 1743 1826

Thomas Jefferson(1743-1826)

Born in Virginia to a wealthy and distinguished family.

Attended College of William and Mary

Built his home, “Monticello,” when he was 26.

Married Martha Wayles Skelton

Owned 200 slaves.

Practiced law.

Jefferson says
Jefferson says…

  • “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

    -Declaration of Independence, 1776

On slavery
On slavery…

  • Jefferson was an outspoken abolitionist, but he owned many slaves over his lifetime. Although these facts seem baffling, biographers point out that Jefferson was deeply in debt and had encumbered his slaves by notes and mortgages; he could not free them until he was free of debt, which never happened.

  • “We have the wolf by the ears; we can no longer hold him, nor safely let him go. Justice is in one scale, and self-preservation in the other.”

    -Thomas Jefferson on slavery

Who is sally hemings

Who is Sally Hemings??


Jefferson s legacy
Jefferson’s Legacy

  • Jefferson believed that individuals were entitled to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, and if authorities became tyrannical or oppressive it was society’s obligation to revolt.

  • Jefferson’s political

    ideology is still in use

    today, 175 years later.

The declaration is adopted
The Declaration is Adopted

  • On July 4, 1776 the colonies accepted the Declaration of Independence.

  • It defined the basic principles on which the American government and society would be based.