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Europe Encounters America. Vikings Arrive in America. Leif Ericsson & The Vikings What – Group of Scandinavian explorers that are believed to have explored North America before Columbus When – 1000 A.D. Where – Vinland (Newfoundland) Significance – 1 st Europeans to “discover” America.

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vikings arrive in america
Vikings Arrive in America
  • Leif Ericsson & The Vikings
    • What – Group of Scandinavian explorers that are believed to have explored North America before Columbus
    • When – 1000 A.D.
    • Where – Vinland (Newfoundland)
    • Significance – 1st Europeans to “discover” America
vikings arrive in america1
Vikings Arrive in America
  • Vikings traveled south in longboats looking to raid villages
    • Unable to establish successful colonies b/c there was little interest
      • Natives also imposed
  • 1st Euro-American born
    • Snorro Karlsefni
spain sends columbus west
Spain Sends Columbus West
  • Educated men knew the world was round
    • Couldn’t agree on size
    • Most believed in Ptolemy’s theory
      • 180 degree land/180 degree water
  • Columbus disagreed
    • Thinks it will take only a couple of weeks
    • Greatly miscalculates distance
spain sends columbus west1
Spain Sends Columbus West
  • He tries to get backing from Portugal, France, and England
  • Finally gets acceptance from Isabelle and Ferdinand of Spain
    • Wanted wealth, empire, and Catholic converts
king ferdinand and queen isabella of spain
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain
  • Competition with Portugal for route to ASIA!
  • Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
  • Landed in the Caribbean in the Bahamas on San Salvador Island
  • Called people Indians
  • (Not the brightest crayon in the box haha!)
the first voyage
The First Voyage
  • Columbus Voyage
    • What – Columbus sails in the Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria to find western route to Indies
    • When – 1492-93
    • Significance – Leads way to further exploration and future colonization of Americas
the first voyage1
The First Voyage
  • After two months (8/2 – 10/12) lands in Bahamas at San Salvador
    • Encounters Arawak
    • Notices gold, easy to conquer and enslave
iii the first voyage
III. The First Voyage
  • Sails to Cuba, Hispaniola
    • December – Santa Maria runs aground
      • Makes into fort – La Navidad
        • 39 men left behind
        • Rape and pillage natives
        • Natives kill in middle of night
          • *Beginning of what is to come?
  • 3/1493 – Columbus sails back
iv other voyages
IV. Other Voyages
  • Four journeys total
    • Finds enough loose gold to mine
    • Makes Indians slaves
  • 1496 – Brother creates Santo Domingo
  • 1st Spanish capital in New World
  • Many colonists were Spanish nobles and they refused to plant crops or do manual labor
  • Had been misled and returned to Spain
  • Columbus explored and found enough gold to make the trip worthwhile
  • Enslaved local people to make them mine gold and plant crops

Line of Demarcation- imaginary north to south line running down the middle of the Atlantic.

  • The “Treaty of Tordesillas” created the line to prevent war between Spain and Portugal-who had claim to the Atlantic trade route
  • Spain- control west of line
  • Portugal- control east of line
  • Amerigo Vespucci- realized this was not Asia (so did Columbus)
  • named America for “Amerigo the discoverer”
continuing spanish explorations
Continuing Spanish Explorations
  • Juan Ponce de Leon- looked for fountain of youth and named Florida
  • Vasco de Balboa- stowed away in a ship to escape his creditors. He was the first European to reach the Pacific Coast.
  • Ferdinand Magellan- died but his crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe
  • Columbian Exchange- European arrival in the Americas that set in motion a series of complex interactions btw people and the environment