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Stabilizing Homeless Families: Case Management Before & After The Move Into Permanent Housing Presented by Beyond Shelter 1200 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 600 Los Angeles, CA 90017.

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Stabilizing Homeless Families: Case Management Before & After The Move Into Permanent Housing

Presented by

Beyond Shelter

1200 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 600

Los Angeles, CA 90017


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Emergency shelters and transitional housing are simply “stepping stones.” If at the end of our interventions and our support, the homeless are still homeless – or at risk of another episode of homelessness – then what have we really accomplished?


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Homelessness ends when an individual or family is stabilized in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.


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HUD CONTINUUM in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.OF CARE MODEL

Outreach

Intake

Assessment

Traditional Housing,

no services

Emergency Shelter

Transitional Housing

Supportive Housing


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MODIFICATIONS TO THE in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.CONTINUUM OF CARE

Outreach

Intake

Assessment

Traditional Housing,

no services

Supportive Housing

Emergency Shelter

Transitional Housing

Service-Enriched

Permanent Housing

Indicates Modifications

Permanent Housing with Time-limited, Home-Based

Case Management


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ADDITIONAL HOUSING OPTIONS in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.

Service-Enriched Housing – Private or nonprofit rental housing, with crisis intervention and services coordination (& often program activities) available to all residents, regardless of special needs.

Permanent Housing with Home-Based Case Management – Available through outside sources, either time-limited or long-term.


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COMPONENTS OF in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there. CASE MANAGEMENT

Crisis Intervention and Stabilization

Intake and Assessment

Assistance Moving into Permanent Housing

Home-Based Case Management(time-limited & transitional or long-term)


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STEP 1: in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.CRISIS INTERVENTION & SHORT-TERM STABILIZATION

This phase usually includes emergency shelter services and short-term transitional housing geared to special needs, i.e. domestic violence, substance abuse treatment, etc.


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STEP 2: in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.INTAKE, SCREENING, & NEEDS ASSESSMENTS

The “needs assessment” results in an Action Plan, including short and long-term goals and objectives with concrete action steps.

Can occur immediately or after stabilized in emergency shelter or other temporary housing.


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STEP 3: in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.HOUSING SEARCH ASSISTANCE & RELOCATION TO PERMANENT, AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Overcoming barriers to accessing affordable, rental housing.

Assistance applying for housing assistance, rent subsidies, move-in funds, etc.

Tenant education.

Assistance conducting housing search, presentation to owners, negotiating.


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STEP 4: in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.PROVISION OF HOME-BASED CASE MANAGEMENT

  • Intensive during the first 90 days.

  • Intensifies during crises.

  • Includes connecting people to community resources and services to meet their particular needs.

  • May include longer-term case management for vulnerable and at-risk families and individuals.


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Case Management Before the Move into Permanent Housing in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.


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PRIMARY FUNCTIONS in permanent, affordable housing, whatever that permanent housing type may be – and whatever the support systems that must be in place to help them stay there.OF CASE MANAGEMENT

Assessment

Planning

Linking

Monitoring

Advocacy


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The primary functions of case management while families are homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs and to ensure that they have access to all services and resources for which they are eligible.


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While in a homeless state, families homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

require crisis intervention and short-

term case management. Once in permanent

housing, families benefit from case

management that helps them transition to

stability. Services are intensive, but time-

limited, depending upon need.


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Developing homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

a Family

Action Plan


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Individual Family Action Plan homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

Developed before or after stabilization in emergency services

Serves as the blueprint for short-term case management and transitional or long-term case management once the family moves into permanent housing


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General Questions homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

What does the family need?

What should the priorities be?

How will they achieve these goals?

What are the barriers they are confronting?

How will they attain permanent housing?


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How could their income situation be improved? homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

What are the issues for the children?

Are there mental health or recovery issues that should be addressed?


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Family Action Plan homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

The objectives for the period from _______

to ________ are:

__________________________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

_______________________________


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Specific Tasks/ homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs Responsibilities

What we plan to do to meet these objectives/

achieve goals:

___________________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________


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Assistance Accessing homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

& Moving Into Permanent Housing


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THE HOUSING PLAN homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

The objective is to assist the family to obtain decent, affordable permanent housing in which they can stabilize and rebuild their lives. This requires a match between the housing unit and the family’s needs. Suitable means decent housing in an environment which will be conducive to the family’s stability in permanent housing.


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THE HOUSING SPECIALIST homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

If possible, a Housing Specialist helps the family to identify and off-set (as much as possible) barriers to securing housing.

The Housing Specialist also works with the client to identify appropriate, and reasonable, housing search goals.When no Housing Specialist is available, the case manager addresses these issues, working together with the family to resolve them.


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ACCESSING SECTION 8 homeless are to address their immediate shelter and social service needs

Recognizing the high cost of rental housing in most rental markets, it often becomes essential to develop working collaborations with local housing authorities in order to facilitate the move into permanent housing for families who are homeless.


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Sometimes there are special “set asides” that can be developed (particularly for families and/or people with special needs). In some states, TANF-related subsidies can be utilized. It is vital to explore possibilities with housing authority administration and not to assume that it cannot be done.


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Examples of developed (particularly for families and/or people with special needs). In some states, TANF-related subsidies can be utilized. It is vital to explore possibilities with housing authority administration and not to assume that it cannot be done.HOUSING ASSISTANCE

Landlord/tenant education

Advocacy for housing subsidies

Transportation and coaching to meet potential property owners

Referral to specific owners willing to rent to homeless families


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Assistance in overcoming bad credit, no credit or eviction histories, etc.

Assistance in obtaining move-in funds

Follow up to ensure stable relationship with property owner.



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Goal of Home-Based histories, etc.Case Management

A major goal for formerly homeless families is to integrate stable living patterns into their daily lives.

All benefit from assistance in developing a support network in the community responsive to their individual needs and available to be called in times of future crisis.


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The primary functions of home-based case management are to assist families in making the transition from homelessness to stability in permanent housing and to link families to other community resources and services which they might need. A subgroup of homeless families will also benefit from assistance in the development of basic life skills.


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Provision of Home-Based assist families in making the transition from homelessness to stability in permanent housing Case Management

Intensifies during crises.

Includes connecting people to community resources and services to meet their particular needs.

Should be intensive for some families during the first 90 days in permanent housing.


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May include longer-term case management for vulnerable and at-risk families with special needs or long histories of homelessness.


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THE FIRST THREE MONTHS at-risk families with special needs or long histories of homelessness.

Experience has shown that formerly homeless families are most at risk for another episode of homelessness during the first 90 days in permanent housing.


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Generally, the case manager provides the core level of services and refers families to “mainstream” programs for specialized services (i.e., substance abuse intervention, mental health services, family counseling, child care, etc.).


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Some families require more intensive home visits that may include demonstrations of housekeeping skills, money-management and budgeting, development of grocery lists, assessments and referrals for parenting support, etc.


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The majority of families, however, will simply need assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.


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EXAMPLES OF SERVICES assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition. BY CASE MANAGERS

Household management

Money management

Problem solving/survival skills

Advocacy with CalWORKs, DCFS, GAIN, legal issues

Resource referrals & monitoring

Crisis intervention


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Infant & assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.

Family

Enrichment &

Child Care

Counseling

Recreation

Employment &

Pre

-

School

& Support

Programs

Job Readiness

Services

Health

Transportation

Care & Nutrition

Services

Mental

Family

Health

Preservation/

Services

LINKING FORMERLY HOMELESS

Reunification

FAMILIES TO

Family

Planning

COMMUNITY SERVICES

Services for

Prenatal Care

Children’s

Special Needs

Family

Counseling and

Support/DV

Teen

Prevention

Services &

Leadership

Development

Crisis

Intervention

Parole/

(personal or

Probation

Alcohol & Drug

Grocery,

Elementary,

financial)

Prevention/

Laundromat,

Middle, High,

Treatment

bank, etc

Continuation

.

Schools


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Case Management assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.

Issues


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Distrust. assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.

Listlessness.

Manipulation.

Failure to Follow Through & Self-Sabotage.

Poor Judgment & Lack of Responsibility.

Substance Abuse.


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Family Violence. assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.

Child Maltreatment.

Crisis Orientation.

Denial.

Refusal to participate.

Anger.


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Steps to Effective Case Management assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition.


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ENGAGEMENT: assistance in identifying resources in the community and periodic monitoring and support during the first few months in permanent housing, to insure a smooth transition. The first and most important task of the case manager is to engage the client. During the phase when case management is likely to be a mandatory program component, developing trust and establishing a relationship (to both the case manager and the agency) is very important.


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Access to the client and the ability to follow-up on the case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. Initial engagement is even more important when you are establishing a relationship when the client is already in housing or in any voluntary setting.


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ASSESSMENT: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. Effective case management requires the ability to thoroughly and accurately assess your client. The ability to do this effectively depends upon the relationship between the client and case manager, since some issues are not easily or readily identifiable. These issues may only be known through disclosure.


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SETTING PRIORITIES: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. Once the basics have been addressed – safety, food, shelter, and clothing, the client and case manager together must prioritize other issues needing to be addressed. NO matter what your sense of the priorities, if the client does not really believe the issue is a priority, he/she is not going to follow through with the plan.


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DEVELOPING A REASONABLE PLAN: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. It is important to divide the case plan into short- and long-term goals. Each goal is divided into several tasks, with clearly delineated responsibilities for the client and the worker. Every meeting these tasks are reviewed for follow-up and revised accordingly.


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BUILDING ON CLIENT STRENGTHS: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. Although the word empowerment is an overused phrase in social work today, the concept of helping people to help themselves is still a key principle in our profession. One of the best ways to do this is to assist clients in identifying strengths they already bring “to the table” which can help them to accomplish their goals.


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MAINTAINING THE RELATIONSHIP: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. All relationships require ongoing maintenance. Sometimes, as case managers we start to think the client needs us, and forget this basic premise. However, especially once a client is in housing, we also have a vested interest in maintaining the relationship to ensure family stability, and maintain our commitment to the clients, landlords and property managers.


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IDENTIFYING RESOURCES: case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship. All case management programs are only as strong as your service linkages. Next to maintaining a relationship with your clients, the relationships you have with specialized service providers – substance abuse, mental health, D.V., youth programs – are essential to effective case management.


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EXPECTED OUTCOMES case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Families Integrated into the Community,

Striving towards Improved

Social and Economic Well-Being


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OUTCOME EVALUATION case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Short-Term Outcomes – For Families

Movement from homelessness to temporary or permanent housing

Decrease in psychological distress

Decrease in substance use/abuse

Participation in treatment, support, and trainingprograms


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OUTCOME EVALUATION case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Short-Term Outcomes – Children

Regular school attendance

Improved health assessment/care

Reduction of behavioral/school problems


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OUTCOME EVALUATION case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Intermediate Outcomes – Mothers

Increased residential stability

Continued improvement in psychological functioning and reduction in symptoms and symptoms of distress

Continued reduction in substance use/abuse

Improved life management skills, including job/vocational skills and goal setting

Increase self-esteem and feelings of empowerment


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OUTCOME EVALUATION case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Intermediate Outcomes – Children

Continued reduction in behavioral and school problems

Improved school performance and regular school attendance

Regular health check-ups, inoculations, & improved health status


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OUTCOME EVALUATION case plan, once they have moved into housing (and services are voluntary) depends upon this relationship.

Long-term Outcomes

Achieve residential stability

Psychiatric stability

Abstinence/continued reduction in substance use/abuse

Competency in life management

Employment or engagement in productive activity

Stability as a family unit


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