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Have your body changed in the pass six months? Tall/Weight - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Have your body changed in the pass six months? Tall/Weight. Are you taller?. Did your hair grow?. Clip your toenails?. Broken a bone recently?. Wound – how does your body repair itself?. What do the following examples have in common? . Scraping your knee and the cut healing.

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what do the following examples have in common
What do the following examples have in common?
  • Scraping your knee and the cut healing.
  • Growing taller.
  • Hair growing continuously if not cut.
  • Finger and toenails growing continuously if not cut.

How do these examples relate to the cell theory?

what are the basic parts of the cell theory
What are the basic parts of the cell theory?
  • All living things are composed of cells.
  • Cells are the basic unit of life.
  • All cells come from pre-existing cells.

How do our cells produce new cells?

Mitosis

mitosis
Mitosis

Definition:

To create two identical daughter cells that are genetically identical to the parent cells

q what kind of cells would perform mitosis
Q: What kind of cells would perform mitosis?

Somatic cells

(all body cells except gamete cells)

Gamete: sex cell (ex: sperm & egg)

acronym for mitosis
Acronym for MITOSIS

IPMAT (C)

Interphase

Prophase

Metaphase

Anaphase

Telophase

(Cytokinesis)

slide13
Watch the video on the Cell Cycle and make observations about what you see on your handout using this drawing
i nterphase1
Interphase
  • Interphase is not part of mitosis
  • It involves creation of new organelles (G1), replication of chromosome (S), and synthesis of proteins necessary for mitosis (G2).
  • Chromosomes appears as thread-like structures called chromatin.

Chromosome Count:

G1- 23 pairs/ 46 total

S – 46 pairs/92 total

G2- 46 pairs/ 92 total

p rophase1
Prophase
  • Chromatids form (replicated chromosomes condense and become visible in a light microscope)
  • The nucleolus disappears
  • Paired centrioles (centrosomes) move opposite ends of the cell
  • Spindle forms
  • Asters (short microtubules radiating from centrioles) form
m etaphase1
Metaphase
  • Sister chromatids line up at the middle of the spindle (equator)
  • Each centromere attaches itself to the spindle fiber
  • At the end of metaphase, the centromeres divide.

Chromosome Count:

Beginning- 46 pairs/92 total

anaphase

Anaphase

Centromere splits and homologus chromosomes

go to opposite poles of cell

a naphase1
Anaphase
  • The separated chromatids, now called chromosomes are pulled apart towards the opposite poles by the contraction of spindle fibres
  • Anaphase is completed when chromosomes arrive at the poles
t elophase1
Telophase
  • Chromosomes reach the poles of the cell and cannot be seen clearly
  • The spindle fibers disappear and centrioles replicate
  • Nuclear membrane re-forms around chromosomes and the nucleolus reappears in each nucleus
  • Telophase may lead straight into cytokinesis

Chromosome Count:

Each new cell has

23 pairs/ 46 total

c ytokinesis
Cytokinesis
  • Cytokinesis is the separation of the parent cell’s cytoplasm at the end of a mitosis
  • Cytokinesis in animal and plant cells are different
  • In animal cell:
    • CLEAVAGE FURROW (animal cells)
    • CELL PLATE (plant cells)

Chromosome Count:

Each new cell has

23 pairs/ 46 total

activity 1 mitosis in action
Activity 1: Mitosis in Action

Watch the videos on mitosis in animal and plant cells. Answer the following questions after watching:

  • What did you notice about how the chromosomes changes from interphase to prophase? Observe their characteristics.
  • What did you notice happening during metaphase?
  • What did you notice happening to the cell during anaphase?
  • What happened to the cell during telophase/cytokinesis?
activity 2 mitosis chart
Activity 2: Mitosis Chart
  • Make a chart that details the stages of mitosis including interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase/cytokinesis.
  • Include drawings for each stage.
  • Label key parts of the cell.
  • Include the # of chromosomes present during interphase, anaphase, and telophase/cytokinesis.