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Realism and Regionalism 1850 - 1900 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Realism and Regionalism 1850 - 1900
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  1. Realismand Regionalism1850 - 1900

  2. What is Realism? • style of writing (and also of other arts) • developed in 19th century • attempts to depict life accurately without idealizing or romanticizing it Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  3. Characteristics of Realism • emphasizes accuracy and objectivity • depicts common, everyday heroes • views the world scientifically (EMPIRICAL) • focuses on real-life situations Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  4. Different from Romanticism • emphasized imagination and emotion • depicted larger-than-life heroes • viewed the world poetically • focused on exotic, supernatural, and imaginary worlds Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  5. Causes of Rise of Realism • American Civil War • advances in technology • advances in science and education • social changes Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  6. The Civil War and Realism • major cause of rise or Realism • destroyed cities, industries, and lives • left bitter memories and economic desolation in the South Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  7. Technology and Realism • also contributed to rise of Realism • photography: people now saw real, unattractive pictures of war and poverty • telegraphs and railroads: more people now heard about events that affected the nation Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  8. Science, Education, and Realism • advances in psychology, biology, geology contradicted long-held beliefs about humans, world, universe • more women, minorities, poor had access to education and learned to read • newspapers and new mass-circulation magazines were widely read Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  9. Social Changes and Realism • 1865 --- Thirteenth Amendment • outlawed slavery!!! Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  10. Social Changes and Realism • industrialization led to overpopulation and poverty in cities • agrarian economy of South devastated by war and loss of slave labor • newly-freed slaves and other Southerners moved to Northern cities looking for work Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  11. Social Changes and Realism • immigrants from strife-torn Europe arrived in droves • Northern cities grew quickly and without planning • slums houses many new arrivals • lack of hygiene = rise of disease and death Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  12. Realistic Literature • contains themes that center on contemporary society and on the lives of the middle and lower classes • describes even unpleasant details of everyday life • features characters drawn from poor and outcast of society Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  13. Realistic Literature • avoids extravagant language; uses simple, everyday diction • tries to show real life without personal feelings or idealistic thoughts color the writing • brings science to the story to explore human behavior Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  14. Regionalism: American Realism • literature that emphasizes a specific geographic setting and reproduces speech, behavior, and attitudes of the people who live in that region Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  15. Regionalism • Regionalist writers differ from strict Realists by portraying their characters in a somewhat sentimental fashion • Sarah Orne Jewett, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Bret Harte, Mark Twain Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  16. A Harsh Reality • A man said to the universe: “Sir, I exist!” “However,” replied the universe, “the fact has not created in me a sense of obligation.” - Stephen Crane Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  17. What Have You Learned? • Regionalism describes the speech, behavior, and attitudes of the people in a particular geographic area. • True B. False • Realistic novelists reject • scientific explanations • dialogue • accurate detail • glorious heroes Free Template from www.brainybetty.com

  18. The End Now, let’s read some Realistic literature!!! 