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Integrating Sources

Integrating Sources

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Integrating Sources

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  1. Integrating Sources The Writing Centre Saint Francis Xavier University Antigonish, Nova Scotia The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  2. The Paper • All good writers know they will have experience stages in the writing process: planning researching organizing writing rewriting editing proofreading The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  3. Simple (working) Thesis Statement: Make a statementDefend / support your statement _________________________ BECAUSE 1)___________________________ 2)___________________________ 3)___________________________ The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  4. Example Simple (working) Thesis Statement: Make a statementDefend / support your statement Chaucer uses the theme of social justice BECAUSE or TO 1) show the divisions in class 2) subtly make readers aware of the injustice 3) offer solutions The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  5. Take a Stand • Religious tension in society creates ….. • The narrator sets the tone in “The General Prologue” and, thus, focuses the reader’s attention on ............ (characteristic) of the Miller. • Wage inequity is caused by gender stereotyping and traditionally male-dominated workplaces. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  6. Introduction Main point Sub point Sub point Sub point Main point Thesis Statement Main Idea Main point The Writing Centre  StFX University  Conclusion

  7. Essentials of Every Paragraph SAY IT SUPPORT IT EXPLAIN IT The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  8. MLA Joseph Gibaldi notes that a topic sentence should clearly and accurately introduce the quotation (109). Effective quotations are “used selectively” (109) and are “as brief as possible” (109). APA Gibaldi (2003) notes that a topic sentence should clearly and accurately introduce the quotation. Effective quotations are “used selectively” (p. 109) and are “as brief as possible” (109). Integrating quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  9. Guidelines • Use your own voice for the thesis and topic sentences. (SAYIT) • Select quotations that fit your message. • Integrate quotations smoothly. (SUPPORTIT) • Defend the significance of the quotation in your own voice. (EXPLAINIT) The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  10. Documenting • Support the points you have made in your paper and acknowledge the source of your ideas • Provide references for your reader • Eliminate any chances of plagiarizing The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  11. Use the library! www.stfx.ca The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  12. Quick Access Troyka adds that “ depending too heavily on quotations gives your readers . . . the impression that you haven’t bothered to develop your own thinking and are letting other people do your talking” (168). The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  13. The narrator says, “ ……” ( ), Boring, overused The narrator agrees …. argues …. asserts …. demonstrates ….. defends ….. disagrees ……. notes …… states …… Effective Transitions (Quick Access, p. 177) The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  14. Use a comma after a verb that introduces a quotation. Smith concludes, “The solution is elusive; years of research are still required” (32). Punctuation for Introducing Quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  15. Use NO punctuation if the introductory phrase ends with “that.” Smith emphasizes the need for patience, noting that “. . . years of research are still required” (32). Punctuation for Introducing Quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  16. Use a colon after a complete sentence that introduces a quotation. Smith implies that the answer will nor come quickly: “The solution is elusive; years of research are still required” (32). Punctuation for Introducing Quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  17. The tension builds when Brutus accuses Cassius of accepting bribes. He states, “Let me tell you Cassius …..” (4.3.9-11). The tension builds when Brutus accuses Cassius of accepting bribes: “Let me tell you Cassius …..” (4.3.9-11). Integrating Quotations Stronger, more direct The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  18. The Duke, disguised as a friar, gets a woman named Mariana to take Isabel’s place. This is one example of how the Duke plans just as a director would do. The Duke, disguised as a friar, gets a woman named Mariana to take Isabel’s place. Here the Duke acts like a skilled director. Sharper, less wordy Integrating Quotations and Paraphrases The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  19. Hawking is at heart a rational empiricist, “I think there is a universe out there waiting to be investigated and understood” (44) Quotation simply dropped in Hawking is at heart a rational empiricist: “I think there is a universe out there waiting to be investigated and understood” (44) Quotation fits grammatically Integrating Quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  20. Quote fragments and integrate into the text. The narrator refers to the Squire as “ A lovere and a lusty bachelor” (Chaucer line 80). Integrating Quotations The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  21. Smooth Fit Toyka suggests: “After writing a sentence that contains a quotations, read it aloud to hear whether the language flows smoothly and gracefully” (169). The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  22. Final product Introduction Main point Sub point Sub point Sub point Main point Main Idea Main point The Writing Centre  StFX University  Conclusion

  23. Plagiarism Taking (stealing) another person’s words or ideas, intentionally or unintentionally, and using them as your own. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  24. Types of Plagiarism • Intentional – Using other’s words or ideas as your own with incomplete or no references The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  25. Types of Plagiarism Unintentional • Not fully understanding the material (patchwork) • Not fully understanding the need to cite sources (cut and paste) The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  26. “But I didn’t realize…” It is still plagiarism! The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  27. How to Avoid Plagiarizing? • Keep track of all your resource material and necessary documentation. • Quote judiciously. • Quote properly/ Use quotation marks to indicate the exact words from your source. • Document accurately. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  28. Tutorial http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/ The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  29. Check your Accuracy “Her gift of love to Nicholas is literal. ” www.google.com The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  30. Works Cited Begin the Works Cited on a new page. Begin each entry flush on the left margin; indent subsequent lines. Double space the entire list. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  31. Works Cited Chaucer, Geoffrey. The General Prologue. The Canterbury Tales. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Gen. ed., M.H. Abrams. 4th ed. Vol. 1 New York: Norton, 1979. 122-39. 2 vols. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  32. Gibaldi, Joseoph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003. Harvey, Michael. “Effective Quoting.” The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2003. 16 Sept.2004. <http://nutsandbolts.washcoll.edu/ quoting.html>. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  33. Troyka, Lynn Quitman. Simon and Schuster Quick Access Reference for Writers. 2nd Cdn. ed. Toronto: Pearson, 2004. The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  34. Final Product It Is Your Paper • Your name is on the cover. • Make it yours by: • Planning • Researching • Drafting • Writing • Editing • Proofreading The Writing Centre  StFX University 

  35. Rating your Paper • http://www.csupomona.edu/~uwc/non_protect/student/CSU-EPTScoringGuide.htm The Writing Centre  StFX University 