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Integrating Sources. by Worth Weller. TOC. Why use sources? What makes a good quote? How long should a quote be? How to “integrate” quotes How to avoid “dropped” quotes How to shorten quotes Using “block quotes” A few notes on paragraphs A few words on grammar, punctuation and citing.

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Integrating Sources

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integrating sources

Integrating Sources

by Worth Weller

  • Why use sources?
  • What makes a good quote?
  • How long should a quote be?
  • How to “integrate” quotes
  • How to avoid “dropped” quotes
  • How to shorten quotes
  • Using “block quotes”
  • A few notes on paragraphs
  • A few words on grammar, punctuation and citing
why use sources
Why use sources?
  • College papers are written in your own words.
  • In fact, 66 to 75 percent of your paper needs to be your own views and thoughts.
  • Quotes from sources are simply used to back up, prove, and illustrate your own thinking
  • The reason you use sources is to show the reader that your opinions are informed by:
  • What you read
  • And what others have said about your subject.
what makes a good quote
What makes a good quote?
  • When you are reading, you are looking for “arguments” that will support (or oppose) your own arguments
  • You are looking for strong, powerful wording of articulately presented ideas.
  • Stay away from dates and amounts
  • Quote only exciting language, language that is controversial, or language that would lose its impact or clarity as a paraphrase.
how long should a quote be
How long should a quote be?
  • Short!
  • Readers don’t like long quotes - they don’t know why you are using them
  • Quote just one sentence at a time
  • Often half a quote is better than a full quote!
how to integrate quotes
How to “integrate” quotes
  • Direct quotations should always have three parts:
  • Quote: Material taken directly from the author
  • Tag: Material that explains the following or preceding is a quote
  • Source: Material that documents the source, such as page numbers
how to avoid dropped quotes
How to avoid “dropped” quotes
  • All quotes should have some form of “tag” information in the form of a subject and verb that comes before or after the quote
  • In other words, quotes need to be “integrated” into a larger sentence of your own.
how to shorten quotes
How to shorten quotes
  • Ellipses (space dot space dot space dot space) indicate that some unnecessary words have been left out of a quotation.
  • When using ellipses, remember that:
  • when you quote just a WORD or SHORT PHRASE, no ellipsis is necessary;
  • you do not use an ellipsis to indicate that you have left something out of the BEGINNING of a sentence;
  • missing words from the END or somewhere in the MIDDLE of a sentence need to be indicated with an ellipsis
using block quotes
Using block quotes
  • Quotes more than four lines long need to be set up as “block quotes.”
  • Use them very sparingly:
  • Readers don’t like them
  • Profs think you are “padding” your paper
  • They rob you of page length
a few notes on paragraphs
A few notes on paragraphs
  • Never begin a paragraph with a quote - paragraphs begin with transitions and topic sentences.
  • Never end a paragraph with a quote - robs you of page length
  • Use the quote in the middle of your paragraph to illustrate and support your topic sentence
  • Then reflect on how that quote proves your point, explain what the quote means or make some other comment.
some words on grammar punctuation and citing
Some words on Grammar, Punctuation, and Citing
  • Sometimes you have to change a word in a quote to make it fit the grammar of our whole sentence - show this with brackets.
  • Commas always go inside the quote marks; semi-colons, exclamation points and question marks are outside unless they are the author’s
  • Except where citing, periods go inside the quote marks.
  • Use single quote marks to indicate quotes within quotes
  • Parenthetical citations come at the very end.
  • Quote sparingly - do your own writing
  • Quote only the good stuff
  • Use tag material to integrate the quote into a larger sentence
  • Never begin a paragraph with a quote
  • Never end a paragraph with a quote.