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Ohio Graduation Test. Context Clues. The context of a word is made up of three main things: The sentence that contains the word and possible clue words The surrounding sentences (the paragraph) The passage and its meaning

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Presentation Transcript
what does context mean

The context of a word is made up of three main things:

    • The sentence that contains the word and possible clue words
    • The surrounding sentences (the paragraph)
    • The passage and its meaning
  • The words and information in these sentences are clues to the unfamiliar word’s meaning.
What does “Context” mean?
an example

Nora’s clothing, with its high neckline and low hem length, gave her a demure appearance.

  • Daring
  • Playful
  • Modest
  • Dress
An Example
an example explained

A high neckline and low hem length definitely don’t scream daring to most people, so you can eliminate A.

  • One wouldn’t say that they are playful either, so you can eliminate B.
  • Dress doesn’t make sense, since the sentence is about a dress.
  • The best choice here is C: modest.
An Example, Explained
sentence context clues

Define the word frugal.

  • Read the sentence.
  • Because Cassady was frugal with purchases, she usually had a few dollars left in her wallet at the end of the week.
  • I must pay special attention to the word frugal.
Sentence Context Clues
sentence context clues1

Notice how the word is used.

  • Frugal is a quality of Cassady. It is an adjective because it describes a noun.
  • I should look for an answer choice that is an adjective.
Sentence Context Clues
sentence context clues2

Look for clues in the sentence.

  • Clues are “purchases,” “dollars,” and “left.”
  • The clues have to do with money – having money left after buying things.
Sentence Context Clues
sentence context clues3

Decide what you think the word means.

  • Based on the clues, frugal could mean “cheap.”
  • I’ll substitute cheap in the sentence in place of frugal.
  • Yes, it makes sense.
Sentence Context Clues
sentence context clues4

Look for an answer choice matching your definition.

  • The answer choices are:
  • Frightened
  • Thrifty
  • Impulsive
  • Rich
  • Cheap isn’t among the choices, but thrifty most closely relates to the meaning I’m looking for. I’ll choose B.
Sentence Context Clues
paragraph context clues

Context clues in paragraphs work exactly the same way:

    • Read the sentence, then read the entire paragraph again.
    • Notice how the word is used.
    • Look for clues in the paragraph.
    • Decide what you think the word means.
    • Look for an answer choice matching your definition.
Paragraph Context Clues