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Regional Governance in Ottawa The Commercialization Task Force, an exercise in local governance

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  1. Regional Governance in OttawaThe Commercialization Task Force, an exercise in local governance Jérôme Doutriaux University of Ottawa ISRN 6th annual meeting,Simon Fraser University, May 13 , 2004 ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  2. Outline • Background • The issue and perceived problem • Ottawa is not unique • In search of a solution ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  3. Background Some definitions Governance Institutions, policies, rules that affect behaviours and outcomes Region An area allowing for easy networking and personal contacts, such as a CMA ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  4. Background Regional Governance in Ottawa over time Economic governance: institutional players Sponsor(s) Key roles Limits Industrial governance: R&D labs, Universities, Firms Sponsor(s) Key roles Limits People, Entrepreneurs Culture Serendipity ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  5. The issue and Perceived Problem • Impact of telecom and photonics slowdown on local high-tech jobs, unemployment, VC investment • Belief that region has a unique “commercialization” handicap ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  6. Perceived Regional weaknesses • Commercialization • Early tech transfer (spin-offs) quite successful, while • Growth of existing small firms seems to be limited • U. of O. Executive Forum with local executives: • Insufficient management capability • Lack of management leadership • Limited commercialization/sales experience/skills • Limited growth skills ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  7. Preliminary research: Ottawa is not unique • Preliminary Analysis: • Study of the distribution of firms based on size in the region • Comparison of Ottawa to other technology regions • Research team: University of Ottawa (T. Chamberlin,J. delaMothe, J. Doutriaux) and Carleton University (F. Brouard); results to appear as a chapter in a book on SVN (in press; Elsevier). ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  8. Initial Observations • Relatively low percentage of very small firms in Ottawa • Relatively high percentage of medium sized firms in Ottawa • Why? • Differences in collection of Data (…preliminary research) • Differences of sectors included in studies • Impact of high VC investment in 1999-2000 • Differences in environment • Differences in firm strategies, leadership, culture • Note that Canadian firms tend to be small by World standards and that large Ottawa-based firms tend to be branches of multinationals ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  9. In search of a solution • The Commercialization Task Force • An exercise in collaboration in initiated by a local entrepreneur and OCRI • Broad-based (OCRI, GOCC, OLSC, TOP, NCIT, NRC, ITAC, CATA, Cities of Ottawa and Gatineau, University of Ottawa, Carleton University, Algonquin College) • Objective is to “identify the problem” and develop an action plan to help local start-ups evolve into global leaders in their market segments • Delivery would be through OCRI and related organizations ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  10. In search of a solution • Solutions and delivery expected to be “industry driven” • Focus on exchange and communication rather than the usual pure “networking”. • Expected to facilitate access to information, to encourage and support sharing of experiences and learning from peers at the top level (leadership, vision), to provide advice/support/training in tech marketing and sales. • Supported by applied research to fully understand local firm’s barriers to growth in their social-political-economic environment • CTF mainly institutionally and consultancy driven; well networked but mostly indirect industry representation. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  11. The Preliminary Research:Comparison of the distribution of firms by level of local employment in various regions ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  12. Data Used • OCRI database of Ottawa firms • Updated to Q2 of 2003 • Limited quality • Statistics from several other regions • Oxfordshire, Silicon Valley, Sophia Antipolis. • Not exactly similar ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  13. Regional Comparisons Ottawa – Oxfordshire – Silicon Valley – Sophia Antipolis Ottawa includes telecommunications, photonics, microelectronics, software, life-sciences (1043 firms; 1327 firms if professional services are added) Oxfordshire includes: Bio-Technology, Software, Telecom Services, Computer Equipment, Electrical/Electronic Equipment, Instruments, Technical Consulting and Testing, Other R&D, Other Computer Services, Aerospace Silicon Valley Includes: BioScience, Computers/Communications, Defence/Aerospace, Environmental, Semiconductor, Software, Professional Services, Innovation Services Sophia Antipolis includes only “independent high-tech firms” in software, telecom, multimedia-internet, IT services, health sciences, pharmaceutics. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  14. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  15. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  16. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  17. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  18. ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  19. Comparing Technology Regions ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  20. Comparing Technology Regions ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  21. Size Distribution of Firms (by number of employees) ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  22. Largest Canadian Corporations(World-wide Revenue) Source: Fortune 500 World’s largest corporations, 2003 ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  23. Largest Firms from Other Countries(World-wide Revenue) Source: Fortune 500 World’s largest corporations, 2003 ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  24. Californian Tech Firms(World-wide Revenue) ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004 Source: Fortune 500 World’s largest corporations, 2003

  25. Canadian Tech Firms(World-wide Revenue ; Telecom Carriers Not included) ) Source: ROB Top Tech 2003 ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004

  26. Software Firms in Ottawa(World-wide Revenue) Source: Branham Group, 2003 ISRN Annual Meeting Vancouver May 12-15 2004