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CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES -ENGLISH UNIT-. ENG 105 WEEK 10&11&12. UNIT 6 ART HISTORY . The Art of Marc Chagall. KEY WORDS. Abstract ( adj. ): art made of shapes and patterns that do not look like real people or things . Collocations : abstract art

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Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES-ENGLISH UNIT-

ENG 105

WEEK 10&11&12


Unit 6 art history

UNIT 6 ART HISTORY

The Art of Marc Chagall



Abstract adj art made of shapes and patterns that do not look like real people or things
Abstract(adj.): art made of shapes and patterns that do not look like real people or things

Collocations : abstract art

Ex:MarcChagall is influencedbyabstractworks of his time


Image n a picture
Image(n): a picture

Ex:You can seetheimages of CatholicChurch in thisexhibition.

Ex:Incubism, imagesaremade of shapeslikecirclesandsquares


Reality n things that actually happen or are true
Reality(n): things that actually happen or are true

Word Formation : Realistic (adj)

Ex:Theywanttouse a styletoshowrealitytothepeople.

Ex:Before 20th century, artiststriedtomakepaintingsrealistic.


Subject n the thing in a painting or photograph
Subject(n):the thing in a painting or photograph

Ex:What is thesubject of thispainting?

Ex:Most of the time, sheuseslove as thesubject of her paintings

Ex:Duringtheirmarriage, Gala, Dali’swife, wasthesubject of Dali’spaintings.


Previewing the academic content
Previewing the Academic Content

  • The late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were a time of great change in art.

  • Before this time, artists tried to make paintings look realistic.

  • The new artists like Pablo Picasso used an abstract style to show ideas about people and objects without showing how they looked in reality.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

  • They shocked the art world with their modern tehniques.

  • In cubism, such kind of an art, image were made up of shapes like circles and squares or patterns seen from different views.

  • These objects and people did not look real.

  • Russian artists Marc Chagall was greatly influenced by the abstract work and artists of his time.

  • However, Chagall is famous for his own style of modern art.


Some works of marc chagall
Some works of Marc Chagall

Song of songs

Paris throughthewindow

FlyingCarriage

FallingAngel


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

  • Many artists paint self-portraits, or pictures of themselves. Look at the three self-portraits on page 100 and number them 1(most realistic) to 3 (most abstract).

    1. What makes the paintings realistic? What makes them abstract ?

    2. Which paintings do you like ? Which one don’t you like ?


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

  • Like themselves. Look at the three self-portraits on page 100 and number them 1(most realistic) to 3 (most abstract).Chagall,manyartistswereinfluencedbythenewabstractstyle in art. Look at twopaintings on page 101 anddiscussthequestions on thesamepage.

    • Whatsimilaritiesanddifferences do youseebetweenthesetwopaintings? Considerthecolors, shapesandsubjects of thepaintings.

    • Why do youthinktheartistsmadethesepaintings? Was it totell a story, tocreateandemotion, toshow an eventorto do something else ?

    • Do youlikepaintings ? WhyorWhy not ?


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

3. What do you think the quotations about art mean?(page 101)

Quotation 1: B

Quotation 2: A

Quotation 3: A

4. Discuss the questions in small groups.

Do you think people should be able to understand art ? Explain.

Do you think art that tells a story is more interesting than other types of art ? Explain.


Previewing the academic skills focus
Previewing the Academic Skills Focus 101)

Fact and Opinion

  • Facts are true statements that we can test or prove, such as numbers or dates.

  • An opinion is someone’s thought, belief, or feeling about something.

  • Recognizing the difference between facts and opinions is important for evaluating- judging the value of – what you hear or read.

  • Read the statements about Marc Chagall. Write facts or opinions above the column. (Page 102)

    The left column of the chart includes facts

    The right column includes opinions.


Reading key words

READING 101)KEY WORDS


Depend on v to need something or someone to do something
Depend on 101)(v):to need something or someone to do something

Word Formation : Dependent (adj) / Independent (adj)

Ex:Theeconomy of thecountrydepends on tourism.

Ex:He is an independent artist whodoes not depend on anyartisticstyle.


Inspire v to make someone want to do something
Inspire 101)(v): to make someone want to do something

Word Formation : Inspiration (n), Inspiring (adj)

Collocations : inspire somebody to do something

Ex:His wife inspired Chagall in his paintings

Ex:The music was very inspiring for her and she started her new painting with this music.

Ex:You cannot always have the same inspiration in your life. Sometimes you feel it deeply, but sometimes you cannot even feel it.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit
Modernism 101)(n): a style of art and building that was especially popular from the 1940s to the 1960s, in which artists used simple shapes

Word Formation : Modernistic (adj)

Ex:At his veryfirstyears, he wasinfluencedbymodernism.


Universal adj true or right in every situation
Universal 101)(adj): true or right in every situation

Ex:Love is a universalsubjectused in differentkinds of arts.

Ex:Thismusicgroupmakesuniversalsongslistenedbymanypeopleallovertheworld.


Permit v to allow something to happen especially by an official rule law etc
Permit 101)(v): to allow something to happen, especially by an official rule, law etc.

Word Formation : Permission (n)

Synonyms: allow

Collocations : Permitsomebodyto do something

Ex:They do not permitsmoking in public.

Ex:Dogsare not permitted inside theshops.

Ex:Youneedtoshowyourpermissiontosellyourproductshere.


Destroy v to damage something so badly that it cannot be used or repaired
Destroy 101)(v): to damage something so badly that it cannot be used or repaired.

Word Formation : Destruction (n)

Collocations :

Ex:Because the buildings were destroyed by the soldiers during the WWII , the works of famous artists cannot be found now.

Ex:The destruction of the environment will affect the future generations badly.

Ex:


Occupy v to enter a place in a large group and keep control of it by military force
Occupy 101)(v): to enter a place in a large group and keep control of it by military force

Ex:Thesoldiersoccupiedmost of theislands at theend of thewar.

Ex:Protestorsoccupiedwallstreet in orderto protest worldorder.


Theme n the main idea or subject in a book movie painting speech etc
Theme 101)(n): the main idea or subject in a book, movie, painting speech etc.

Ex:Thetheme of themovie is loveandhonour.

Ex:Thetheme of thebookwassoordinarythat I could not continuereading it.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit
Movement 101)(n): a group of people who share the same ideas or beliefs and who work together to complete a particular goal

Collocations : Artisticmovement

Ex:Almostall of theartistsareinfluencedbytheartisticmovement of theirtimes.

Ex:Modernisticmovementwasbetween 1940s and 1960s.


Known adj recognized or known by many people
Known 101)(adj): recognized or known by many people

Collocations : be knownforsomething

best-known

least-known

Ex:MarcChagall is knownfor his universalpaintings.

Ex:Rolling IntheDeep is thebest-knownsong of Adele.


Bring together phr v to put things or people together
Bring Together 101)(phr.v.): to put things or people together

Ex:The writer’s books bring together the bad and good people.

Ex:The painter brings together different themes in his paintings.


Connect v to join two or more things together
Connect 101)(v):to join two or more things together

Word Formation : Connection (n)

Synonyms: Link

Ex: With this painting, Chagall connects animals with humans.


Closely adv very carefully
Closely 101)(adv): very carefully

Ex:Look at theimagesclosely, andtellmehowmanycharactersthereare in eachpicture.

Ex:Thepolicewatchedthemancloselyallday.


Probably adv used to say something is likely to happen
Probably 101)(adv.): used to say something is likely to happen

Word Formation : Probable (adj)

Synonyms: Likely

Ex:Itseemscloudy, it willprobablyraintoday.


Before you read
Before You Read 101)

  • Read the timeline of Marc Chagall’s life on page 103.

  • Discuss the questions on page 104 and use the facts from the timeline on page 103.

    1. Russia, France, US; France

    2. art

    3. his wife Bella

    4. 1941

    5. Saint-Paul de Vence, France


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

3. Use the information in the timeline to form opinions about Marc Chagall’s life (Page104 ). Discuss your opinions.

1. Chagall was probably the happiest during the time he lived in France andduring his marriage with Bella. During those times he developed his own uniquestyle. In addition, he loved Bella very much and often included her image in hispaintings.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

2. He was probably the saddest during the war and after Bella died. During thewar, he had to leave France, and the Nazis destroyed many of his paintings.Bella’s death probably affected him greatly.

3. Chagall loved Bella very much. She’s the subject of many of his paintings andshe inspired him greatly.

4. Chagall moved to United States to avoid Nazi persecution.

5. Bella’s death was probably the reason why Chagall stopped painting for awhile.


Global reading
Global Reading Bella died. During the

  • Read the excerpt from an art history textbook. As you read, underline the opinions. Take notes on the main ideas.

  • Read the statements on page 105 and decide if they are true (T) or false (F).

    1. T

    2. T

    3. F

    4. F

    5. T

    6. F

    7. T


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

Identifying Facts Bella died. During the

  • A fact is an information that is true for everyone. It can be tested or proven. For example:

    • Marc Chagall was a Russian artist.

    • I and The Village is a painting

  • To find facts, ask yourself, “Can this be proven to be true ?”

  • If the answer is yes, then it is a fact.

  • Recognizing and remembering important facts help you understand any subject.

  • Including facts in your writing and speech will help you support your own ideas.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

3. Study the painting Bella died. During theI and the Village on page 104. Write four facts about the painting. Read your facts to a partner and your partner will decide if your statements are facts.

Example:

A: In I and the Village there is a big green face.

B: Yes that is a fact.

A:The green face looks very strange.

B: No, that is not a fact. You can’t prove it.


Focused reading
Focused Reading Bella died. During the

  • Read the text on pages 104-105 again. Circle the best answer to complete each statement.

    1. b

    2. b

    3. c

    4. c

    5. a


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

Identifying Opinions Bella died. During the

  • Recognizing opinions is an important part of evaluating a text.

  • An opinion is a person’s thought, belief, or feeling about something.

  • An opinion is often introduced by specific phrases like:

    • I think (that)…., I believe (that)….., I feel (that)…, In my opinion

  • Words such as good, bad, best, beautiful are also used.

  • Example

    • I think that Marc Chagall’s art is beautiful.

  • If a statement does not use these expressions ask yourself:

    • Can I check or prove this ? If answer is no, it is an opinion

    • Can I agree or disagree ? If answer is yes, it is an opinion


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

2. Read the excerpts from the reading. Each contains an opinion, a fact or both. Underline facts once and opinions twice.

Example:

The main part of the painting shows a green man (probably marc Chagall himself) and an animal (a horse or a goat) looking at each other.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

1. opinion, a fact or both. Underline facts once and opinions twice. The place in the painting must be Vitebsk, the small Russian farming villagewhere Chagall was born into a large Jewish family.

2. A circle connects the two images. This could be an example of Chagall’s beliefin a strong connection between humans and animals.

3. In I and the Village, Chagall brings together fantasy and reality to show a loveof home and the natural world.

4. Chagall married Bella in 1915.

5. Chagall painted many images of them together, and these works clearly showthe feelings of romantic love and joy he felt for her.

6. Even after her death in 1944, Bella continued to inspire his work.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

The textbook passage says that the circle connecting the animal and the man inthe painting shows Chagall’s belief in a connection between humans andanimals. I believe that this is true. When you look at the painting closely, you willsee that there is also a line that goes between the man’s eyes and the animal’seyes. I think this is another example that Chagall believed that people andanimals are connected. It seems to me that Chagall wanted to say that all livingthings depend on each other.

3. Read the blog entries on pages 107 & 108. Underline the facts once and opinions twice.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

The title of the painting is animal and the man inI and the Village. I think the “I” from the title is the greenman in the painting. The textbook says that the man is probably Chagall himself.He’s wearing a schoolboy hat, so I think it’s Chagall when he was a boy. In myopinion, Chagall is showing that he will always remember the place where hegrew up.

4. Write your own blog entry about the painting. Make sure that you include at least one fact and two opinions.


Listening

LISTENING animal and the man in

KEY WORDS


Critic v a person whose job is to say if art music and movies are good or bad
Critic animal and the man in(v): a person whose job is to say if art, music, and movies are good or bad

Word Formation : Criticize (v)

Collocations : music/ art critic

Ex:Sheworks as a critic in SundayTimesandshewritesaboutpaintings.


Sentimental adj strongly showing emotions such as love and sadness
Sentimental animal and the man in(adj.): strongly showing emotions such as love and sadness

Synonyms : emotional

Ex:Chagall’spaintingsareseen as sentimantalpaintings.

Ex:Thesongwasverysentimental. Everybodycriedwhilelisteningto it.


Before you listen
Before You Listen animal and the man in

  • What is the purpose of art ? Check the opinions on page 108.

  • Read the quotations by famous artists. Which opinion from exercise 1 does each quotation support ? (Page 109)

    Claude Monet:

    Norman Rockwell:

    Marc Chagall:

    Pablo Picasso:

    Vincent Van Gogh:

show reality

tell a story; show reality;show important events

inspire strong emotions

inspire strong emotions

help people relax


Global listening
Global Listening animal and the man in

  • Listen to the introduction of a lecture on art. What do you think the professor will talk about?Check your predictions. After listening , see if your predictions are true.

    The professor will talk about…

    __ techniques that Chagall used in his paintings

    __ his own experiences with art critics

    __ critics’ opinions about Chagall’s paintings

    __ the purpose of Chagall’s art

    __ different paintings that Chagall made.

X

X


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

2. Listen animal and the man intothelecture. Thencirclethestatement in eachpairthatexpressesthemain idea.

  • a ) Chagall’s art is easytounderstand

  • b ) Chagalluseddifferentstylesandtechniquestocreatefeeling of fantasy

  • b) SomecriticsbelieveChagall’s art is toosentimental

  • b) Chagall’sworkexpresseslove, joyandbeauty.


Recognizing a speaker s degree of certainty
Recognizing a Speaker’s Degree of Certainty animal and the man in

  • Speakers may use special words and phrases to show certainty, or how sure they are of their opinions.

    100% 95% 50% less than 50%

    is must be may be might be/ could be

    3. Listen to the three excerpts. How certain is the lecturer about each feature of painting ? First write the words professor uses to express certainity. Then deciide the lecturers degree of certainity.

    Excerpt One: must; very certain (95%)

    Excerpt Two: is, are; very certain (100%)

    Excerpt Three: may; not very certain (50%)


Focused listening
Focused Listening animal and the man in

  • Listen to the lecture again. Take notes in the chart with examples from the lecture.


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

2. animal and the man inCirclethecorrectanswers. Usethechart on page 110 tohelpyou.

1. b, c

2. a, b

3. a

IdentifyingSupportforOpinions

  • Effectivespeakersandwriterssupporttheiropinionswithreasonsordetailsthatarespecific, clear, andlogical. Thesemayincludecertaintypes of details.

    • Examples (frompersonalexperienceor background)

    • Common sense (thingseveryoneknowsor can understand)

    • Expertevidence (theopinion of experts)

    • Statistics (numbersthatcomefromresearch)

  • As youreadtextsor listen tolectures, identifythedetailsthatsupportpeople’sopinions


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

3. Read the statements from the lecture. Opinions are underlined once, and supporting details are underlined twice. Check the type(s)of support used.

2. Examples

3. Common sense

4. Common sense

5.Examples

6. Expert evidence


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

4. Discuss the questions in small groups. Use the words to show certainty and provide details to support your opinions.

1. Do you think Chagall’s paintings are too sentimental? Why or Why not ?

2. Do Chagall’s paintings inspire you to look for deeper meaning?

3. What are some other possible purposes of Chagall’s paintings? Explain.

4. Chagall said, ”Art must be an expression of love or it is nothing.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

5. Chagall has been called the “most beloved- and most misunderstood” artist of the twentieth century. Why do you think he has been described this way ?


Speaking
SPEAKING show certainty and provide details to support your opinions.


Before you speak
Before You Speak show certainty and provide details to support your opinions.

Giving and Supporting an Opinion

  • When you state your opinions, you need to give reasons to support them.

  • Here are some expressions that will help you:

    To give an opinion

    I think/believe/feel that…

    In my opinion ….

    It seems to me that…

    To support an opinion

    …….because…….

    …… for several reasons….


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

Example show certainty and provide details to support your opinions. :

I think that Marc Chagall’s painting the birthday is dreamlike, because the people in the picture are flying

  • When you give an opinion, use strong support to persuade your audience to agree with you.

    • Make sure your ideas are detailed, logical, and clear(easy to understand)

    • Use reasons, examples, common sense, expert evidence, or statistics

    • Choose words that show your level of certainty


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

  • Look show certainty and provide details to support your opinions. back at Chagall’spaintings on pages 99 and 101. Which do youlikebetter- TheBirthday, I andtheVillage, orneither ? Givereasonstosupportyouropinion. (Page 113)

    Example:

    Opinion: I likethepaintingTheBirthdaybetterthanthepainting I andTheVillage.

    Reason: Theflyingcouplegivesme a feeling of joy.

    2. Useyournotesfromexercise 1 towrite a paragraphexpressingandsupportingyouropinion. Evaluateeachother’sparagraphsbyansweringthequestions on page 113.


Focused speaking
Focused Speaking show certainty and provide details to support your opinions.

Showing Agreement and Disagreement

  • You can use certain expressions to show agreement or disagreement with someone’s opinion.

Toshowagreement:

I thinkso,too.

I agree (withyou)

I feelthesameway.

I thinkyouareright.

That is right/ true

Toshowdisagreement:

Yes, but….

I disagree(withyou)

I seewhatyoumean, but I think..

Actually,…

I do not quiteagree. What/Howabout….?


Cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit

1. Listen to two students discuss Popova’s show certainty and provide details to support your opinions. Lady with the Guitar. Check the expressions you hear (Page 114)

I think so, too.

I don’t quite agree.

I agree.

I disagree with you.

I think you’re right.

I feel the same way.

2. Did the speakers agree or disagree about the ideas on page 114 ? Circle Agree or Disagree.

1. Disagree

2. Agree

3. Agree

4. Disagree

5. Agree


Integrated speaking task
Integrated Speaking Task show certainty and provide details to support your opinions.

  • You have read a text, and listened to a lecture about Marc Chagall’s place in modern art

  • You have heard a sample discussion about a work of art.

  • Now, use you knowledge of the content, topic vocabulary and fact and opinion to describe and give your opinion about Marc Chagall’s painting Self-Portrait with Seven Fingers in a group discussion. (Page 114)

  • Follow the steps on page 115 and 116 to prepare for the discussion.