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The geological and ecological sciences -- their natural interdependency reflected in cyberinfrastructure. Annette Olson, John Mosesso, Sue Haseltine, Gladys Cotter Biological Resources Division. U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey. Biological and Geological Linkages.

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slide1
The geological and ecological sciences -- their natural interdependency reflected in cyberinfrastructure

Annette Olson, John Mosesso, Sue Haseltine, Gladys Cotter

Biological Resources Division

U.S. Department of the Interior

U.S. Geological Survey

biological and geological linkages
Biological and Geological Linkages

Earth

Surface

Coastal &

Marine

Disasters

Minerals

Water

Biosphere

Energy

Magnetism

Climate

the need for informatics
The Need for Informatics

Research needs:

  • data to answer new, multivariate questions;
  • tools for manipulating and analyzing data;
  • data for validating models; and
  • To make own data longer-lived and more valuable.

Societal need to have accurate and integrated scientific information for:

  • increased understanding; and
  • Informed decision-making.
environmental drivers
Environmental Drivers
  • Climate change
  • Pollution
  • Disasters
  • Invasive Species
  • Land and resource use
  • Wildlife diseases

Amphibian deformities

slide5
Conceptual model of factors influencing and interacting with invasion by exotic species

University of Kansas

species invasions asian long horned beetle
Species Invasions – Asian long-horned beetle

University of Kansas

(Anoplophora glabripennis)- Twenty environmental layers

important geological data
Important Geological Data
  • Data linked to specific coordinates,
  • Data about the past (historical or prehistorical), and/or
  • Data available in real-time or near real-time.

Almost all geological information is useful:

  • Data collected for geological purposes may also serve ecological needs, now or in the future.
  • Even small, brief studies: “original samples are often the only samples” (Geological Society of America, 2005).

“More than 100 million boxes of fossils are in geoscience repositories today” (Committee for the Preservation of Geoscience Data and Collections, 2002).

slide8
Integrating Diverse Data from Multiple Disciplines

Columbia Spring, Yellowstone - algae

pattern in run off

terminologies and research protocols
Terminologies and research protocols

Biodiversity Complexity Thesaurus

Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Biology Lab

gap gap analysis program
GAP – Gap Analysis Program
  • Field plot data
  • Digital Land CoverDetailed classification of habitat type
  • Predicted Species RangesModeled ranges of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians
  • Land Stewardship Maps Delineation of land units by ownership, management, and conservation status

Satellite Imagery

Elevation

Aerial

Photography

Species Range

Modeling

Land Management

temporal framework
Temporal framework

Marsupial Evolution

http://kagi.coe21.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/tidbit/tidbit30.html

slide12
Integrating Diverse Data from Multiple Disciplines

Columbia Spring, Yellowstone - algae

pattern in run off

spatial uncertainty
Spatial Uncertainty

Collection locations for small

Mammals in Utah

Rowe RJ. 2005. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1883-1897

uncertainty in 3 dimensions
Uncertainty in 3 dimensions

pika

Rowe RJ. 2005. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1883-1897

slide15
“…it is imperative for ecological forecasts to be associated with estimates of uncertainty or “error bars” so that decision-makers using them have information as to the likelihood of a given forecast” (GEOSS, 2004).
scientific informatics systems
GLOBAL

REGIONAL

NATIONAL

LOCAL

Scientific Informatics Systems

World Data Centers,

Global Biodiversity Information Facility,

Clearinghouse Mechanism

The Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network, e-Science (Europe)

The National Spatial Data Infrastructure, The National Biological Information Infrastructure, The Geosciences Network (US), Environmental Resources Information Network (Australia)

State Heritage Programs, GAP Analysis,

Universities, Bio-Geographic Information and

Observation System

nbii major partners
NBII “Major” Partners…
  • USGS
  • USFWS
  • BLM
  • EPA
  • NPS
  • NOAA
  • NASA
  • NSF
  • USDA
  • DOE/ORNL
  • IAFWA
  • OFWIM
  • TNC
  • NatureServe
  • Smithsonian
  • BioEco
  • IABIN
  • NABIN
  • GBIF
  • ITIS/Species2000
  • NISC
  • ISSG
  • CODATA

Full partner list: http://www.nbii.gov/about/partner/

new data collection techniques
New Data Collection Techniques

Field computers

LIDAR

UAV

BarCodes

“We have about 400 years of practice with the scientific method. However, the interaction between science and data systems has a history of less than 40 years” (R. McCord, data manager, Oak Ridge National Laboratory).

Smart Dust

slide20
Thank you

Annette Olson

Biodiversity Scientist

Biological Informatics Office, USGS

[email protected]

slide21
Variability at different scales

Gray et al., Ecology, in press

the vision for the future
The Vision for the Future

PEaCE Lab

www.foodwebs.org

marsupial evolution
Marsupial Evolution

http://kagi.coe21.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/tidbit/tidbit30.html

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