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Chapter 3. Trailering Your Boat. Lesson 3 Trailering Your Boat. Lesson Objectives. Essential safety Selecting a trailer Safety equipment Care and maintenance Legal requirements Prepare for traveling Storage Preventing theft Float plan. Legal Considerations. Width Brakes

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Presentation Transcript
trailering your boat

Chapter

3

Trailering Your Boat

Lesson 3

Trailering Your Boat

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

lesson objectives
Lesson Objectives
  • Essential safety
  • Selecting a trailer
  • Safety equipment
  • Care and maintenance
  • Legal requirements
  • Prepare for traveling
  • Storage
  • Preventing theft
  • Float plan

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations
Legal Considerations
  • Width
  • Brakes
  • Safety chains
  • Lights
  • Mirrors
  • Licenses

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations width
Legal ConsiderationsWidth
  • Most State Roads – limit is 8 feet
  • Interstate Roads – limit is 8.5 feet
  • Greater widths
    • Permits
    • Special requirements
    • Designated access roads

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations brakes
Legal ConsiderationsBrakes
  • Requirements
    • Varies by state
    • American Boat & Yacht Council Recommendation: Breaks if Greater Than 1500# GTW
  • Types
    • Electric
    • Air
    • Surge
      • Emergency brake cable or chain shorter than safety chains
      • May need lock out to back up

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations safety chains
Legal ConsiderationsSafety Chains
  • Required
  • Cross chains under hitch to form cradle
  • Length
    • Permit free turning
    • Not too long that they drag
  • Attach points
    • S-hooks (may require added hardware to ensure stays hooked)
    • Shackle
    • Snap hooks

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations lights
Legal ConsiderationsLights
  • Check state requirements
  • May need
    • Stop lights
    • Parking lights
    • Turn signals
    • License plate light
    • Side lights

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

legal considerations mirrors licenses
Legal ConsiderationsMirrors & Licenses
  • Mirrors
    • If rear view is obscured, your state may require side mirrors
  • Licenses
    • Check state requirements

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations
Practical Considerations
  • What to consider when buying

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations1
Practical Considerations
  • size & type of boat
  • towing vehicle
  • use in fresh or salt water
  • type of launch ramp

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations2
Practical Considerations
  • Selecting your trailer
    • Flat bottom
    • Deep V
    • Displacement
    • Sailboat

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations3
Practical Considerations
  • Size
  • Load Weight > 4000 lbs requires multi-axle

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations4
Practical Considerations
  • Selecting your trailer
    • Skid trailers
    • Roller supporting

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

practical considerations5
Practical Considerations
  • Trailer selection
    • Influencing your choice
      • Boats
      • Situations

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

care of your trailer
Care of Your Trailer
  • What maintenance problems have you encountered?
    • Leaking axle seals
    • Jack for trailer
    • Carry tools, grease, parts
    • Rust
    • Loose bolts & nuts

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

care of your trailer1
Care of Your Trailer
  • Wheel Bearings
    • Cool before launch
  • Lights
    • Disconnect before launch
  • Tires
    • Keep proper pressure

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

care of your trailer2
Care of Your Trailer

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

other considerations
Other Considerations
  • What else when trailering?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

other considerations1
Other Considerations
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Winches
    • Electric
    • Manual
  • Tie-downs
    • Transom tie-downs
    • Gunwale tie-down
    • Bow tie-down
  • Support for outboard engine

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

towing vehicle
Towing Vehicle
  • What to consider when buying

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

towing vehicle1
Towing Vehicle
  • Front wheel drive is not recommended
    • Loss of steering and traction on drive wheels
  • GVWR of Trailer & Boat should not exceed vehicle weight
  • Transmission cooler
  • Large capacity brakes & suspension

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

hitches
Hitches

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

hitches1
Hitches
  • Bumper hitches
  • Weight carrying hitches
  • Weight distribution hitches
    • May interfere with surge brakes
  • Trailer ball and coupler

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

hitches2
Hitches
  • Coupler and ball sizes
    • 1 7/8”
    • 2”
    • 2 5/16”
  • Ball must equal coupler size
  • Size determined by GVWR
  • Padlock prevents theft and ensures coupler stays on ball

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

balancing the load
Balancing the Load
  • 5 -10% of weight on tongue
  • To shift weight
    • Shift contents of boat
    • Shift boat back and forth

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

handling your trailer
Handling Your Trailer
  • Practice in open area
  • Drive to outside of turn (swing wide)
  • Remain sensitive to unusual sounds
  • Frequent stops to check trailer
  • Practice backing
    • One hand at bottom of steering wheel
    • Post someone to look out
    • Work out hand signals

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

pre departure checklist
Pre-departure Checklist
  • What do you include on checklist?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

pre departure checklist1
Pre-departure Checklist
  • Wheel Bearings
  • Tire Pressure
  • Tie-downs and boat position on trailer
  • Trailer & Boat loaded/balanced properly
  • Motor/stern drive unit in “up” position
  • Brake and lighting system working
  • Safety chains
  • Ball & socket secured

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

preparing to launch
Preparing to Launch
  • Things to remember when launching

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

launching
Launching
  • Before backing down ramp
    • Disconnect lights & tie down straps
    • Trailer bearings cooled
    • Loosen or disconnect winch
    • Drain plug in
    • Sailboats: check for overhead power lines & step mast
    • Out drive up - motor off
    • No one in boat
    • Lines to dock
  • Backing down
    • Make sure way is clear

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

launching1
Launching
  • Launch position
    • Apply parking brake and wheel chocks
    • Remove winch line
    • Launch

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

retrieving
Retrieving
  • What should you do?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

retrieving1
Retrieving
  • Raise outboard or outdrive
  • Sailboats raise daggerboard or centerboard
  • Back trailer into water and drive or pull boat onto
  • Connect winch cable/strap and pull to proper place
  • Be certain boat is centered on trailer
  • Drive up ramp slowly to parking/holding area
  • Remove drain plug, dock lines & fenders
  • Attach all tie-downs
  • Secure motor/stern drive unit
  • Remove items not safe in boat during travel
  • Connect lights and check functioning

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

storing your boat trailer
Storing Your Boat/Trailer
  • Remove valuable equipment
  • Jack up trailer
    • Cinder blocks under axles
  • Remove wheels
  • Raise tongue so there is drainage
  • Winterize motor
  • If outdoors, cover boat allowing air circulation

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

theft prevention
Theft Prevention
  • Has anyone had theft problems with a trailered boat?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

theft prevention1
Theft Prevention
  • What are some precautions to take?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

theft prevention2
Theft Prevention
  • At launch site
    • Lock up valuables
    • Park in well lit site
    • Use trailer hitch lock

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

theft prevention3
Theft Prevention
  • What are some precautions at home or on the dock?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

aquatic nuisance species ans
Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS)
  • Any exotic species in this area?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

aquatic nuisance species ans1
Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS)
  • What are some steps to stop this spread of ANS?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

aquatic nuisance species ans2
Aquatic Nuisance Species (ANS)
  • approved bottom paint
  • exterior cleaning/boat and trailer
  • mix chlorine bleach in washing mixture
  • eliminate trapped water incl. engine cooling
  • empty bait container and bilges on shore
  • remove local material from boat/trailer
  • remove all mud, flora, fauna from equipment
  • don’t use bait from one body of water in another

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.

float plan
Float Plan
  • Why should you file a float plan?

Copyright 2007 - Coast Guard Auxiliary Association, Inc.