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Studying the History of New Hampshire
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  1. Studying the History ofNew Hampshire Topic Suggestions Arranged by Focus and by Erain a Quick Reference Chart Adapted from A New Hampshire History Curriculum, Book 1 (1997) and Book 2 (1999), by Judith Moyer et al.Concord: New Hampshire Historical Society.

  2. Table of Contents Slide 1: Title Slides 38–48: Politics Slide 2: Table of Contents Slides 49–59: Technology & Science u Slide 3: Introduction Slides 60–70: Nongovernmental Groups Slide 4: Quick Reference Chart Slides 71–81: Material Wants & Needs Slides 5–15: Boundaries Slides 82–92: Self-expression Slides 16–26: Natural Environment & People Slides 93–103: Notable People by Era (Appendix) Slides 27–37: Cultures, Races, & Ethnic Groups Slides 104: End Slide

  3. Introduction The main slide in this presentation is a quick reference chart (next slide) in which eight key focus topics intersect with ten eras of New Hampshire history. At each intersection is a short list of suggestions for study which may profitably be pursued by a student in search of a subject for research or by a teacher structuring a unit of study. In addition, notable people with connections to New Hampshire history are listed by era in an appendix. Where appropriate, study topics are linked to pertinent areas of the New Hampshire Historical Society’s Web site. Such materials also may be found on the Society’s CD-ROM, but there is no direct link. The presentation supplements the two books of the New Hampshire History Curriculum completed between 1997 and 1999. It is hoped that all teachers have access to these books, which were distributed to school libraries after they were published. Book 1 (grades K–6) is also available through the New Hampshire Historical Society’s Web site. To receive Book 2 (grades 7–12) contact the museum store at 603/856-0625 or order directly on-line. Contents

  4. Quick Reference ChartClicking on a rectangle below takes you to study topics for the intersecting focus and era. Contents

  5. 1. BoundariesWhat are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Questions to Explore • What is a boundary? • Where are the boundaries around me? What do they mean to me? • Where are there boundaries in N.H.? Where am I in relation to the boundaries in N.H.? • Why do we have boundaries in N.H.? • How can I tell where a boundary is? • How were the natural boundaries of N.H. formed? • How have people set manmade boundaries in N.H.? • Have boundaries in N.H. always been in the same place? If they have moved, when did they, where did they, who moved them, and why? Contents

  6. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Natural Boundaries: N.H. Landscape Formation Human Boundaries: Native American Lands, European Claims & Grants Mapping Focus 1:BoundariesEra 1:Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) People

  7. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Grant Controversies Abenaki vs. European Ideas of Ownership Massachusetts Bay & the Merrimack River Boundaries after the Treaty of Paris, 1763 Town Boundaries Atlantic Community Focus 1:BoundariesEra 2:Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) People

  8. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Settlement of the Interior N.H.-Vermont Boundary County Boundaries International Boundaries Surveying Focus 1:BoundariesEra 3:Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) People

  9. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Manifest Destiny Webster-Ashburton Treaty County Boundaries State Sale of Public Lands Period Maps Indian Stream Republic Focus 1:BoundariesEra 4:Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) People

  10. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Regionalism vs. National Identity Urban Growth Focus 1:BoundariesEra 5:Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) People

  11. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics State Park System: Monadnock State Park Geological Survey Focus 1:BoundariesEra 6:Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) People

  12. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Public Lands Regulation of Growth Fire Insurance Maps White Mountain National Park Franconia Notch: State Recreation & Conservation Land Focus 1:BoundariesEra 7:Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) People

  13. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Vermont-N.H. Boundary: Connecticut River Court Ruling State Park System Mapping Focus 1:BoundariesEra 8:Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) People

  14. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Maine-N.H. Boundary: Lobster War Deeds and Ownership Zoning Geological Survey Maps Focus 1:BoundariesEra 9:Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) People

  15. Focus Question What are the boundaries of N.H., and how did they get there? Study Topics Maine-N.H. Boundary & Taxes: Piscataqua River Dispute Zoning Satellite Mapping Community Planning Maps N.H. Department of Transportation Maps Focus 1:BoundariesEra 10:Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) People

  16. 2. Natural Environment & PeopleHow have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Questions to Explore • What is the natural environment? • What is the natural environment around me like? • How do I cause changes in the natural environment? • How does the natural environment affect what I do and how I do it? • What are the seasons where I live and how do they affect me? • What is the natural environment like in different regions of N.H.—the Seacoast, the Merrimack River Valley, the Monadnock Region, the Connecticut River Valley, the Lakes Region, the White Mountains, the North Country? Contents

  17. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics European Attraction to N.H. Exploration Land Use Place Names Native American Culture: Alterations of the Land Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 1:Different Worlds Meet (Beginnings–1623) People

  18. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Atlantic Basin Migration Access to Europe & the West Indies Logging, Sawdust, & Waterways Population Distribution Transportation Regionalism Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 2:Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) People

  19. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Raw Materials Sectionalism Land/Resource Use: Over-Hunting, Over-Trapping, & Over-Cutting Ports & Trade Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 3:Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) People

  20. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Water Power Mills Transportation Barriers Canals & Waterways Sheep & Farming Railroad Building Going West Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 4:Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) People

  21. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Movement between States: Leaving N.H. Deforestation & Farming Trade between States Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 5:Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) People

  22. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Industrialization Pollution Logging & Railroads Paper Industry Nature & Art Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 6:Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) People

  23. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Deforestation Conservation Decline of the Family Farm Tourism & the Great Hotels Weeks Act Settlement Patterns Roads & the Automobile Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 7:Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) People

  24. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Roads & Autos Drought, Wind, & Flood Dust Bowl Effects CCC Camps Victory Gardens Fires & Fire-Fighting Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 8:Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) People

  25. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Reforestation Pollution & Hazardous Wastes: the Environmental Movement Recreational Sports Military Bases Interstate Highway System Durham & the Onassis Refinery Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 9:Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) People

  26. Focus Question How have the natural environment and the way people lived affected each other in N.H.? Study Topics Conservation vs. Development Ski Industry Organic Farming Fishways Focus 2:Natural Environment & PeopleEra 10:Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) People

  27. 3. Cultures, Races, & Ethnic GroupsWhat has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Questions to Explore • What ethnic, national, or cultural groups are part of my own history? • What do I know about their ways of life? • What ethnic, national, and cultural groups have lived in N.H.? When? Where? Why? • What ways of life did these groups follow? • What has been the dominant cultural group in N.H. since 1763? • How have ethnic, national, and cultural groups left their marks on N.H. history? • Where do I fit into the history of ethnic, national, or cultural groups in N.H.? How has my life borrowed from different groups? Contents

  28. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Abenaki Culture at Contact European Fishermen European Explorers Protestant Reformation Epidemics Early Contact Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 1:Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) People

  29. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Abenaki Culture after Contact Atlantic Basin Migration Blacks & Slavery King Phillip’s War French & English Columbian Exchange Londonderry Scots-Irish Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 2:Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) People

  30. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Disestablishment Religious Differences Interior Settlement Blacks, Indians, British U.S. Census Alien & Sedition Acts Native American Emigration & Assimilation Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 3:Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) People

  31. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Blacks (Slaves & Free) Religious Sects Factory Workers Immigrant Mill Workers Anti-Slavery in N.H.: the Underground Railroad Nativism Myths about the West U.S. Census Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 4:Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) People

  32. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Know-Nothings Race Riots Fugitives Ratification of the 14th Amendment Population Decline Immigration Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 5:Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) People

  33. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Emigration Industrialization & Unionism U.S. Census Religious Diversity Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 6:Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) People

  34. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Education & Americanization Urbanization Communism: the Red Scare Treaty of Portsmouth U.S. Census Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 7:Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) People

  35. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Immigration Prison Camps Small-Town Life Education Nazi Movement U.S. Census Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 8:Great Depression & World War II (1929–1945) People

  36. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Consensus Values Immigration Communism: the Red Scare Racism U.S. Census Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 9:Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) People

  37. Focus Question What has happened when different cultures, races, and ethnic groups have met in N.H.? Study Topics Diversity Immigration Language in Schools Education International Health Issues (AIDS) U.S. Census Focus 3:Cultures, Races & Ethnic GroupsEra 10:Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) People

  38. 4. PoliticsHow have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Questions to Explore • What are politics? What is government? • Why do we have rules and laws? Why do I have to follow rules and laws made by government? • Where did the rules and laws under which I live come from? • What are some of the rules and laws that I have to obey? • Will I be able to make or change any of the rules and laws that I have to obey? When? How? • How have other people in N.H. history made or changed the rules and laws that they had to obey? • How have people, including Native Americans, been governed in N.H. history? Contents

  39. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Native American Tribes: Abenaki Governance Exploration European Claims & Grants Focus 4:PoliticsEra 1:Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) People

  40. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Native American Tribes: Abenaki Leaders Exploration English, French, & Indian Wars European Claims & Grants N.H. & the Massachusetts Bay Colony N.H. & the English Crown Focus 4:PoliticsEra 2:Colonization & Settlement (1623–1763) People

  41. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Declaration of Independence N.H. & US Constitutions Rebels & Tories N.H. Slave Petition Enlightenment Ideas Republican Virtue Focus 4:PoliticsEra 3:Revolution & the New Nation (1763–1820s) People

  42. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Embargo & War of 1812 Portsmouth Navy Yard Jacksonian Democracy Daniel Webster Manifest Destiny Republican Party Free-Soil Party Focus 4:PoliticsEra 4:Expansion & Reform (1801–1861) People

  43. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Know-Nothings Raising an Army & Navy Constitutional Amendments Lincoln in N.H. Franklin Pierce Republican Party Morrill Act N.H. in Battle & on the Homefront Focus 4:PoliticsEra 5:Civil War & Reconstruction (1850–1877) People

  44. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Railroads, Corruption & Control Suffrage Movement Populism Spanish-American War Old Home Day Gold vs. Silver Standard Education Focus 4:PoliticsEra 6:Development of the Industrial U.S. (1870–1900) People

  45. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics World War I Suffrage Protective Legislation Prohibition Teddy Roosevelt in N.H. Progressivism Labor Movement Red Scare Focus 4:PoliticsEra 7:Emergence of Modern America (1890–1930) People

  46. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics Governor Winant Camp Stark WWII: N.H. at Home & Abroad N.H. & the New Deal F.D. Roosevelt in N.H. Welfare Women in Government Town & City Government Focus 4:PoliticsEra 8:Great Depression and World War II (1929–1945) People

  47. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics First-in-Nation Primary Civil Rights Movement Cold War in N.H. Subversive Activities Law Grenier & Pease Air Fields Korea & Viet Nam Tax Issues Town & City Government Focus 4:PoliticsEra 9:Postwar U.S. (1945–early 1970s) People

  48. Focus Question How have government and politics affected N.H. groups and individuals? Study Topics N.H. Constitution & Amendments Taxation State Symbols TV & Elections Gulf Wars & War on Terrorism Welfare Town Meetings Focus 4:PoliticsEra 10:Contemporary U.S. (1968–Present) People

  49. 5. Technology & ScienceHow have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Questions to Explore • What is technology? • What technologies do I use every day? • What technologies would I like to use? • Where do technologies come from? • What decides who gets to use technologies? • What are some of the technologies people have used at different times in N.H. history? Who used them? When? Why? • How has technology affected the natural environment in N.H.? What are some examples of how technology has helped the natural environment? What are some examples of how technology has harmed the natural environment? Contents

  50. Focus Question How have technology and science affected life in N.H.? Study Topics Native American Technologies Sailing & Navigation Technologies European Firearms Health & Medicine Mapping Views of the World Focus 5:Technology & ScienceEra 1:Different Worlds Meet (Up to 1623) People