New Hampshire. An Industrious State. From Traders to Settlers. New Hampshire’s Beginnings. Money!. The first English people in New Hampshire arrived with the hope of making money!. Native Americans.
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An Industrious State
New Hampshire’s Beginnings
The first English people in New Hampshire arrived with the hope of making money!
For a time, a mutually satisfying relationship based on trade was established between Native Americans and the new settlers.
From 1652 to 1674, 16,000 beaver pelts were exported – not to mention the otter, muskrat, moose, lynx, fox, and raccoon that also were trapped and traded.
Soon, they were virtually extinct in New Hampshire.
In addition, they began to exchange their leather dress for blue, red, and purple cloth purchased from Europeans.
Growing dependence on European goods began to undermine the Indians’ traditional way of life.
…land that had once belonged to the Indians.
English settlements in…
Farming and Domestic Industry
Every village had a grist mill and a sawmill, for example…
and tanners produced leather needed for shoes and harnesses.
Samuel Lane ofStratham was afarmer.
Also, he was
…and a shrewd tradesman.
John Dunlap, a prosperous Bedford farmer, also made fine furniture.
Thriving coastal towns like Portsmouth were major trading centers.
Britain wished to confine the colonies to producing raw materials—such as timber.
Vestiges of that once-important trade may be seen in familiar names in many towns – Mast Road, Mastway, or Mastyard, for example.
By law, white pines of certain size were marked by the “King’s Arrow” —distinctive notches cut into the trees.
These trees were reserved for use as masts for English ships.
…which had been caused in part by such unpopular laws and restrictions on trade…
once again brought about a change in the way of life in the region.
This provincial seal of 1775 showed the natural resources for which our colony was known.
This official seal was approved in 1931.
It is little changed since the images of a rising sun and a ship under construction were first approved in 1784.
From Haystacks to Smokestacks
and factories developed along every river in the southern half of the state.
Pulp & Paper Mills
A section of the small farming village of Derryfield became Manchester, the largest industrialized city in the world. It surpassed even the English city for which it was named.
From River to Rail
Following the advice of Horace Greeley, a New Hampshire native, they headed west where soil was richer and farming more profitable.
…and created new opportunities for industry as well.
The convenience and speed of train travel made the beauty of New Hampshire’s many mountains and lakes easily accessible to city dwellers in Boston and New York.
relative to the times, of course.
…became even more important now that the North Country could be reached by railroad.
The mills produced the raw materials for boxes, bobbins, butter churns and even vehicles and refrigerators.
“The Granite State”
(Granite quarried in Concord was used to build the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.!)
Continuity — or Change
Tourism is very much important to the economy of New Hampshire, but few grand hotels are still in operation.…
Mill buildings still stand in many of our communities, but few serve in their original capacity.
Dover’s Sawyer Woolen Mills eventually became a department store. More recently, it was divided into condominiums.
It is often easy to notice as old ways fade in importance…
How accurate do you think the prediction was?
What is the nature of industry and commerce today? How is our state changing?…
What do you think our future will be like? What will your community look like in twenty years?
© 2008-2010 Christopher MacLeod forthe New Hampshire Historical Society