Roman Architecture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

adamdaniel
roman architecture l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Roman Architecture PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Roman Architecture

play fullscreen
1 / 26
Download Presentation
Roman Architecture
683 Views
Download Presentation

Roman Architecture

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. RomanArchitecture

  2. Arches • The Romans used arches to support the things they built. • They built victory arches, buildings and aqueducts.

  3. Aqueducts

  4. Aqueducts- a way to carry water • There wasn’t enough water in the city of Rome. • The Romans brought water in from the surrounding countryside. • The water was brought in by tubes called aqueducts.

  5. Why arches? • Water is heavy stuff. • The Romans needed a structure strong enough to hold all that water to move it from the mountains into the city.

  6. Where did the water go? • The water was transported in concrete tunnels. • The tunnels were underground if possible. • Sometimes the tunnel had to go above ground.

  7. How did the aqueduct work? • The water flowed in a tube on the top of the aqueduct called a water channel. • The arches supported the water channel.

  8. What did the water channel look like? • The water flowed through a rectangular channel. • The channel was lined with concrete. • The Romans invented concrete.

  9. Where else did the Romans use arches? Arches of Triumph Buildings Roofs

  10. Arches of Triumph-to celebrate military success

  11. The Coliseum-a place for sports

  12. The Coliseum- a blend of Greek and Roman architecture • The arches are supported by central columns. • The columns on the first floor are Doric. • The columns on the second floor are Ionic. • The columns on the third floor are Corinthian.

  13. The Pantheon-a temple to all the gods

  14. How does an arch work?Keystones • The keystone is the red stone at the top of the arch. • The keystone is what the weight rests on.

  15. How does an arch work?Voussoirs • The semi-circular stones on either side of the keystone are the voussoirs. • The voussoirs bring the weight to the columns that go to the ground.

  16. How does an arch work?Buttressing • The square or rectangular blocks between each arch are buttresses. • The buttresses make a column that takes the weight all the way to the ground.

  17. Modern arches Office in Tyson’s Corner Dominion Towers US Capital Hotel Roanoke

  18. Your Task • Go to your seat. • You are going to draw an arch. • Just follow your teacher’s directions and you can do it!

  19. First • Use the yogurt lid to draw a semi-circle.

  20. Second • Add legs to your semi-circle. • Now you have an arch.

  21. Third • Draw a smaller arch inside the first one.

  22. Fourth • Draw a Keystone at the top of the arch.

  23. Fifth • Now draw the Voussoirs that hold the Keystone in place.

  24. Sixth • Draw a second arch next to the first one. • Go through the same steps.

  25. Seventh • Connect the arches with buttresses. • You did it! • Success!