Rock and Roll: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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rock and roll l.
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Rock and Roll: PowerPoint Presentation
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  1. Rock and Roll: Musical Elements

  2. What is Music? • The Art of Sound in time • Sounds and silences arranged in temporal framework • Defined by certain parameters or characteristics

  3. Characteristics of Art • Line • Foreground • Background • Composition • Colors • Style characteristics

  4. Musical Characteristics • Stylistic influences • Foreground = melody, prominent sounds • Background = harmony or accompaniment • Composition = form • Color = tone color, sound of particular instruments

  5. Unique characteristics of music • How sounds deployed through time = rhythm • How quickly or slowly piece moves = tempo • How many sounds happening at once = texture • How loud or soft = dynamics

  6. Pitch • A musical sound; a note • Each pitch has unique sound depending how it is produced = tone color • Vocals • Instruments • Effects • Guitar effects

  7. Rhythm • Regulates movement of music through time • Basic unit = beat • Regular pulse heard in most music • Organized in measures or bars

  8. Measure or Bar • Group of beats • Number of beats in a measure is determined by the time signature (akameter) • In popular music, usually 4

  9. Melody • Dominant musical line • Contains main musical ideas of piece • Motive = short, distinct figure • Riff = motive with a distinct rhythm that repeats throughout piece • In popular music, usually the vocal line • Or solo instrument

  10. Harmony • Sounds that provide support for a melody • Chord - simultaneous sounding of 3 or more notes • Most common in pop music = triad • Three notes • First, third, fifth notes of a scale • Ex. C D E F G A B C • 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 • Harmonic progression – sequence of chords that define the key

  11. Key • Scale upon which the piece is built • Pattern of half and whole steps • Important notes: tonic (1st) and dominant (5th) • Melodies frequently return to the tonic

  12. Basic Chord Progression • I - tonic - built on the first note of the scale • VI • IV - subdominant - built on the fourth • V - dominant - built on the fifth • I