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POSC 100 Study Guide Ricardo Salas Part 4 Assignment 27 [Notice] Dear students: The odd-numbered questions are answered for you. The answers to the even-numbered questions are the result of your readings. This is to assure that you are understanding the material. Good luck!

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notice
[Notice]

Dear students:

The odd-numbered questions are answered for you. The answers to the even-numbered questions are the result of your readings. This is to assure that you are understanding the material. Good luck!

welfare educational policy
Welfare & Educational Policy
  • T or F Questions (5)
  • Multiple Choice questions (17)
  • Fill-in Questions (1)
true or false
True or False

1/5

Welfare was traditionally a responsibility of the federal government not the states but has evolved into a joint enterprise between the federal government and the states.

answer
Answer

1/5

False

true or false8
True or False

2/5

Poverty among African Americans and Hispanics is twice as likely compared to whites.

true or false10
True or False

3/5

The United States has the lowest percentage of people living in poverty among the industrialized nations.

answer11
Answer

3/5

False

true or false12
True or False

4/4

According to Patterson, most of the poor in the U.S. are in this situation as result of choice rather than circumstance.

true or false14
True or False

5/5

Most states require both employees and employers to pay taxes that fund unemployment benefits.

answer15
Answer

5/5

False

multiple choice questions
Multiple Choice Questions
  • The following questions are multiple choices. Select the most appropriate answer.
slide17
1/17

A prevailing principle, “equality of

opportunity,” is best reflected in the

following area:

a) the military b) public education

c) health care d) environmental protection.

answer18
Answer

1/17

b

slide19
2/17

The government defined poverty in 2007 for a family of 4 with an annual income less than:

a) $15,000 b) $18,000

c) $20,000 d) $23,000

answer20
Answer

2/17

slide21
3/17

About how many people live in poverty in

the United States?

a) 20 million b) 26 million

c) 31 million d) 35 million.

answer22
Answer

3/17

d

slide23
4/17

Charles Murray in "Losing Ground," argued

that members of the underclass:

a) are simply victims of the free enterprise

system

b) the result of the market that has both positive

and negative circumstances that results in

fixed unemployment

c) are permanent and prefer to live on welfare

d) need government assistance to alleviate the hardships

of poverty.

answer24
Answer

4/17

slide25
5/17

The U.S. Bureau of the Census estimates

that Americans that what per cent of full-time

workers do not earn enough to lift their family

above the poverty line?

a) 5 % b) 10%

c) 15% d) 18%.

answer26
Answer

5/17

b

slide27
6/17

Prior to the federal government assuming

some role in social welfare policy, the states

were given this responsibility based on the

following:

a) Ninth Amendment b) Tenth Amendment

c) Twelfth Amendment d) Fourteenth Amendment.

answer28
Answer

6/17

slide29
7/17

Government governs best by staying out of

people's lives, giving them as much

freedom as possible to determine their own

pursuits and encouraging them to become

self-reliant:

a) government responsibility

b) public accountability

c) negative government

d) individual initiative.

answer30
Answer

7/17

c

slide31
8/17

At one point during the Great Depression,

what percent of the nation's work force

were unemployed?

a) 15% b) 20%

c) 25% d) 35%

answer32
Answer

8/17

slide33
9/17

The idea that government intervention is

necessary in order to enhance personal

liberty and security when individuals are

buffeted by economic and social forces

beyond their control:

a) government stewardship

b) public security

c) political enhancement

d) positive government.

answer34
Answer

9/17

d

10 17
10/17

Lyndon Johnson's programs that included federal initiatives in health care, education, public housing, nutrition, and other areas came to be called:

a) the Last Frontier b) the New Deal

c) the Great Society d) New Federalism.

answer36
Answer

10/17

11 17
11/17

Government benefits given directly to

individual recipients, such as the

monthly social security checks that

retirees receive:

a) deficit assistance

b) public contributions

c) transfer payments

d) allocation appropriations.

answer38
Answer

11/17

c

12 17
12/17

How many Americans are receiving social

security and medicare?

a) 25 million b) 32 million

c) 38 million d) 40 million.

answer40
Answer

12/17

13 17
13/17

How much do social security and

Medicare cost the federal

government annually?

a) $350 billion b) $800 billion

c) $ 1 trillion d) $1.3 trillion.

answer42
Answer

13/17

b

14 17
14/17

Only those individuals who paid

special payroll taxes when they

were employed are eligible for

benefits:

a) social insurance programs

b) public assistance programs

c) social welfare programs

d) government subsidized assistance.

answer44
Answer

14/17

15 17
15/17

Although people qualify for social security

by paying payroll taxes during their working

years, the money they receive upon

retirement is funded by:

a) government investments generated from the stock

market

b) the retirees themselves

c) payroll taxes on current workers' salaries

d) corporate and capital gains taxes.

answer46
Answer

15/17

c

16 17
16/17

What is the reason why most Americans

do not provide unemployment benefits

broad public support?

a) Because they feel that the economy is the

primary problem

b) Because of their religious faith

c) Because they feel that the government is the

true culprit

d) Because they believe it is a personal failing on

the part of the unemployed individual.

answer48
Answer

16/17

17 17
17/17

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics,

of those workers who lost their jobs in 2001,

what per cent were fired or quit voluntarily?

a) 13% b) 17%

c) 38% d) 55%

answer50
Answer

17/17

a

fill in questions
Fill-in Questions
  • The following questions have missing critical words. Fill in the most appropriate missing word.
slide52
1/1

Signe-Mary McKernan and Caroline

Ratcliffe concluded that most of the poor are:

a) poor only for a _______ and

b) then for reasons largely beyond individual ___________,

such as

c) a _____ ________ or desertion by the ________.

answer53
Answer

1/1

  • while
  • control
  • Job layoff, father