POSC 100 Study Guide Ricardo Salas Part 4 Assignment 27 [Notice] Dear students: The odd-numbered questions are answered for you. The answers to the even-numbered questions are the result of your readings. This is to assure that you are understanding the material. Good luck!
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The odd-numbered questions are answered for you. The answers to the even-numbered questions are the result of your readings. This is to assure that you are understanding the material. Good luck!
Welfare was traditionally a responsibility of the federal government not the states but has evolved into a joint enterprise between the federal government and the states.
Poverty among African Americans and Hispanics is twice as likely compared to whites.
The United States has the lowest percentage of people living in poverty among the industrialized nations.
According to Patterson, most of the poor in the U.S. are in this situation as result of choice rather than circumstance.
Most states require both employees and employers to pay taxes that fund unemployment benefits.
A prevailing principle, “equality of
opportunity,” is best reflected in the
a) the military b) public education
c) health care d) environmental protection.
The government defined poverty in 2007 for a family of 4 with an annual income less than:
a) $15,000 b) $18,000
c) $20,000 d) $23,000
About how many people live in poverty in
the United States?
a) 20 million b) 26 million
c) 31 million d) 35 million.
Charles Murray in "Losing Ground," argued
that members of the underclass:
a) are simply victims of the free enterprise
b) the result of the market that has both positive
and negative circumstances that results in
c) are permanent and prefer to live on welfare
d) need government assistance to alleviate the hardships
The U.S. Bureau of the Census estimates
that Americans that what per cent of full-time
workers do not earn enough to lift their family
above the poverty line?
a) 5 % b) 10%
c) 15% d) 18%.
Prior to the federal government assuming
some role in social welfare policy, the states
were given this responsibility based on the
a) Ninth Amendment b) Tenth Amendment
c) Twelfth Amendment d) Fourteenth Amendment.
Government governs best by staying out of
people's lives, giving them as much
freedom as possible to determine their own
pursuits and encouraging them to become
a) government responsibility
b) public accountability
c) negative government
d) individual initiative.
At one point during the Great Depression,
what percent of the nation's work force
a) 15% b) 20%
c) 25% d) 35%
The idea that government intervention is
necessary in order to enhance personal
liberty and security when individuals are
buffeted by economic and social forces
beyond their control:
a) government stewardship
b) public security
c) political enhancement
d) positive government.
Lyndon Johnson's programs that included federal initiatives in health care, education, public housing, nutrition, and other areas came to be called:
a) the Last Frontier b) the New Deal
c) the Great Society d) New Federalism.
Government benefits given directly to
individual recipients, such as the
monthly social security checks that
a) deficit assistance
b) public contributions
c) transfer payments
d) allocation appropriations.
How many Americans are receiving social
security and medicare?
a) 25 million b) 32 million
c) 38 million d) 40 million.
How much do social security and
Medicare cost the federal
a) $350 billion b) $800 billion
c) $ 1 trillion d) $1.3 trillion.
Only those individuals who paid
special payroll taxes when they
were employed are eligible for
a) social insurance programs
b) public assistance programs
c) social welfare programs
d) government subsidized assistance.
Although people qualify for social security
by paying payroll taxes during their working
years, the money they receive upon
retirement is funded by:
a) government investments generated from the stock
b) the retirees themselves
c) payroll taxes on current workers' salaries
d) corporate and capital gains taxes.
What is the reason why most Americans
do not provide unemployment benefits
broad public support?
a) Because they feel that the economy is the
b) Because of their religious faith
c) Because they feel that the government is the
d) Because they believe it is a personal failing on
the part of the unemployed individual.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics,
of those workers who lost their jobs in 2001,
what per cent were fired or quit voluntarily?
a) 13% b) 17%
c) 38% d) 55%
Signe-Mary McKernan and Caroline
Ratcliffe concluded that most of the poor are:
a) poor only for a _______ and
b) then for reasons largely beyond individual ___________,
c) a _____ ________ or desertion by the ________.