Mae Jemison:Space Scientist Author: Gail Sakurai Biography Includes Photographs Ms. Sheida Calahan Elementary 4th Grade
Multiple-Meaning Words • Multiple-Meaning words are words that have more than one meaning or definition. Some words have different meanings in different sentences. • Examples: • park • change • coat • tag
Following Directions • Each person must think of a riddle with an answer that rhymes. You may write it on a post-it. I’m thinking of something you write with that rhymes with den. (The answer is pen). I’m thinking of something you use to wash you hands that rhymes with hope. (The answer is soap). • You have 3 minutes to write your riddle down!
Long Vowel Spelling Patterns • Underline the long vowel patterns. • lake 9. heal 17. few • complete 10. see 18. hue • mice 11. story 19. radio • rode 12. field 20. oats • rule 13. maybe 21. snow • aim 14. high 22. toe • nail 15. tried 23. flow • birthday 16. my 24. flight
Long Vowel Spelling Patterns • Find and circle the words that have a long vowel sound in each sentence. • The space shuttle Endeavour thundered into the morning sky. • Mae’s dream didn’t come true overnight. • On Earth, the force of gravity keeps us from floating off the ground. • Dr. Mae Jemison earned her place in the history books as the first African-American woman in space. • Mae encourages youngsters to follow their dreams.
R/W Wkbk p. 45 – 46“Long Vowel Spelling Patterns” • Notebook Activities (Unit 1 Workbook)
Word Knowledge 1: transportation transaction transatlantic 2: atomic heroic scenic 3: personal professional musical 4:She is able to translate English into Spanish. 5: Did you see this scenic view? 6. She is a professional basketball player.
Word Knowledge These words begin with the prefix trans-. A prefix is attached at the beginning of a word. The Latin prefix trans- adds the meaning “across” to the root. transport transaction transatlantic -to take from one place to another “to carry” “across” -exchange/a thing done between two or more people “across” “a thing done” -across the Atlantic Ocean “across” “Atlantic Ocean”
Word Knowledge These words have the suffix–ic, meaning having to do with. The suffix changes each word from a noun to an adjective. atomic heroic scenic Match the pictures with the correct word by using the meaning of the root word and the meaning of the added suffix –ic.
Word Knowledge These words end the suffix–al. The suffix changes each word to an adjective. personal professional musical person + al profession + al music + al Identify each root word. Which word had a spelling change before the suffix was added?
Word Knowledge These words from the story contain the long i sound spelled i, i_e, and igh. decide science overnight might wired Identify other words with the long i sound.
Word Knowledge - Sentences How do farmers transport food to the market? transport Identify the word with the prefix trans-. What is the root word? Name another word with a prefix plus port. port export, import, deport
Word Knowledge - Sentences Did you see this scenic view? scenic Which word has the –ic suffix? Identify the root word. scene What part of speech is scene? noun What part of speech is scenic? adjective
Word Knowledge - Sentences A survival kit is necessary in case of an emergency. survival Identify the word with the –al suffix. Survival is most often used as a noun, but in this sentence it is used as an adjective. Identify other words with the –al suffix.
Word Knowledge - Sentences We can learn about nature through science. Identify the word with the long i sound. science
How can we figure out the meaning of a word? • apposition – the definition of a word is found between two commas. • prefix • base word (Show word structure posters) • suffix • context clues – help you figure out the meaning of a word, by using the other words in the sentence as clues. The magician’s amazing trick of disappearing before our eyes, was unbelievable.
Story vocabulary: astronaut excelled specialized qualified applicants simulates techniques THREE… TWO… ONE… LIFTOFF!!
astronaut “Use context clues” Mae Jemison knew that she wanted to be an astronaut. The astronaut walked along the moon to gather rock samples. astronaut- a person who travels in space (p. 77)
astronaut • Definition: a person who travels in space • Synonym: cosmonaut, rocketeer • Part of Speech: noun
excelled “Use context clues” In high school, Mae was an honor roll student and excelled in math and science. Sam studied hard and excelled in science. excelled- did better than others (p. 80)
excelled • Definition: did better than others • Base + Suffix: excel + led (words that end with a vowel and ‘l’, change when a suffix is added). • Synonym: surpass, master, outshine • Antonym: inferior, fail • Part of Speech: verb
specialized “Use context clues” At Stanford, she specialized in African and Afro-American studies and chemical engineering. Stanford University Although Jimmy loved to study different types of science, he specialized in biology. specialized- concentrated on one activity or subject (p. 80)
specialized • Definition: concentrated on one activity or subject • Suffix: -ed • Synonym: particular, pursue, study • Part of Speech: adjective
qualified “Use context clues” Mae was one of only fifteen people chosen from nearly two thousand qualified applicants. The Olympic swimmer was qualified to teach swimming to young children. qualified- skilled or experienced at doing something well (p. 82)
qualified • Definition: skilled or experienced at doing something well • Base + Suffix: qualify + ed • Synonym: capable, competent • Antonym: unqualified, incompetent • Part of Speech: adjective
applicants “Use context clues” Mae was one of only fifteen people chosen from nearly two thousand qualified applicants. There were four applicants for the new drama teacher position. applicants- people applying for or requesting something (p. 82)
applicants • Definition: people applying for or requesting something • Base + Suffix: applicant + s • Synonym: candidates, seekers • Antonym: boss, owners • Part of Speech: noun
simulates “Use context clues” She flew in a special training jet that simulates zero gravity. Mary brought in a science project that simulates an erupting volcano. simulates- imitates (p. 89)
simulates • Definition: imitates • Base + Suffix: simulate + s • Synonym: imitates, mimics, copies • Part of Speech: verb
techniques “Use context clues” To carry out the space-sickness experiment, Mae had been trained in the use of “biofeedback’ techniques. The doctor had several techniques for treating a sick patient. techniques- ways of handling something (p. 93)
techniques • Definition: ways of handling something • Base + Suffix: technique + s • Synonym: methods, skill, approach • Part of Speech: noun
Vocabulary Review astronaut- a person who travels in space excelled- did better than others specialized- concentrated on one activity or subject qualified- skilled at doing something well applicants- people applying for something simulates- imitates techniques- ways of handling something
Vocabulary Quiz simulates specialized techniques excelled astronaut _____- a person who travels in space _____- imitates _____- concentrated on one activity or subject _____- did better than others ______- ways of handling something
Vocabulary Review • astronaut a. ways of handling something • excelledb. imitates • specialized c. skilled or experienced at doing something well • qualifiedd. people applying for or requesting something • applicantse. concentrated on one activity or subject • simulates f. did better than others • techniques g. a person who travels in space
Mae Jemison is a non-fiction story. The genre is biography. A biography is a true story written about a person’s life by another person. A biography tells important information about a person’s life in chronological order. It tells how a person felt, talked, and what they thought. A biography might tell about a person’s whole life or just a specific part of their life.
Mae Jemison : Space Scientist • Genre- Biography • Point of View- 3rd Person • Author’s Purpose- Inform Mae Jemison took risks in order to achieve her goals. Mae Jemison was the first African-American woman astronaut to travel in space. As a child, Mae Jemison wanted to be a scientist and an astronaut. Her family encouraged her to pursue this goal, while others couldn’t imagine Mae ever reaching her goals. Mae has always lived by the motto, “Don’t be limited by others’ limited imaginations.”
Clues, Problems, Wonderings Let’s browse the biography Mae Jemison: Space Scientist and look for clues about the story, problems you may have while reading the story, and wonderings you have about the story. Nonfiction stories can be browsed in their entirety. Look for main ideas (which are usually in the first sentence of a paragraph). Look at the title, author’s name, and the photographs taken by different people. We want to write our findings in note form.
Big Ideas • The story of Mae Jemison shows the benefits of taking risks and seeing where they may lead. Many people told Mae that she would not be able to achieve her goals of becoming a scientist and astronaut, but she believed otherwise and worked hard to reach her goals. • The risks that people like Mae Jemison have taken can inspire others to pursue their dreams. • Important accomplishments often involve calculated risks.
Main Idea and Details: Fact and Opinion • A main ideais the most important point the writer makes. It is what the paragraph (or story) is mostly about! • details provide more information. They support the main idea.
Writing a Paragraph(or how to build a big Mac)*Don’t forget the main idea!
Big Mac Cheeseburger What are the ingredients of a Big Mac Cheeseburger? TOP BUN Lettuce Tomato Cheese Pickles Special Sauce Meat BOTTOM BUN
. The top bun of a paragraph is a topic sentence.
The topic sentence introduces the main idea of a paragraph. Although most people believe that man’s best friend is a dog, I think it should be a cat. Cats have been used as pets since the time of the pharaohs in Egypt. They have been found in countries all over the world. Obviously, cats have been the favorites of man for hundreds of years. I suppose cats are so well liked because they are gentle, friendly, and easy to take care of.
What is missing? He collects books that were written over a hundred years ago. But he is also interested in the best sellers of today. If I ever need to get him a present, I know I can always please him by buying him a book.