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Mae Jemison: Space Scientist. Author: Gail Sakurai Biography Includes Photographs Ms. Sheida Calahan Elementary 4 th Grade. Multiple-Meaning Words.

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mae jemison space scientist
Mae Jemison:Space Scientist

Author: Gail Sakurai

Biography Includes Photographs

Ms. Sheida

Calahan Elementary

4th Grade

multiple meaning words
Multiple-Meaning Words
  • Multiple-Meaning words are words that have more than one meaning or definition. Some words have different meanings in different sentences.
  • Examples:
  • park
  • change
  • coat
  • tag
following directions
Following Directions
  • Each person must think of a riddle with an answer that rhymes. You may write it on a post-it.

I’m thinking of something you write with that rhymes with den. (The answer is pen).

I’m thinking of something you use to wash you hands that rhymes with hope. (The answer is soap).

  • You have 3 minutes to write your riddle down!
long vowel spelling patterns
Long Vowel Spelling Patterns
  • Underline the long vowel patterns.
  • lake 9. heal 17. few
  • complete 10. see 18. hue
  • mice 11. story 19. radio
  • rode 12. field 20. oats
  • rule 13. maybe 21. snow
  • aim 14. high 22. toe
  • nail 15. tried 23. flow
  • birthday 16. my 24. flight
long vowel spelling patterns1
Long Vowel Spelling Patterns
  • Find and circle the words that have a long vowel sound in each sentence.
  • The space shuttle Endeavour thundered into the morning sky.
  • Mae’s dream didn’t come true overnight.
  • On Earth, the force of gravity keeps us from floating off the ground.
  • Dr. Mae Jemison earned her place in the history books as the first African-American woman in space.
  • Mae encourages youngsters to follow their dreams.
r w wkbk p 45 46 long vowel spelling patterns
R/W Wkbk p. 45 – 46“Long Vowel Spelling Patterns”
  • Notebook Activities (Unit 1 Workbook)
word knowledge
Word Knowledge

1: transportation transaction transatlantic

2: atomic heroic scenic

3: personal professional musical

4:She is able to translate English into Spanish.

5: Did you see this scenic view?

6. She is a professional basketball player.

slide12

Word Knowledge

These words begin with the prefix trans-.

A prefix is attached at the beginning of a word.

The Latin prefix trans- adds the meaning “across” to the root.

transport

transaction

transatlantic

-to take from one place to another

“to carry”

“across”

-exchange/a thing done between two or

more people

“across”

“a thing done”

-across the Atlantic Ocean

“across”

“Atlantic Ocean”

slide13

Word Knowledge

These words have the suffix–ic, meaning having to do with. The suffix changes each word from a noun to an adjective.

atomic

heroic

scenic

Match the pictures with the correct word by using the meaning of the root word and the meaning of the added suffix –ic.

slide14

Word Knowledge

These words end the suffix–al.

The suffix changes each word to an adjective.

personal

professional

musical

person + al

profession + al

music + al

Identify each root word.

Which word had a spelling change before the suffix was added?

slide15

Word Knowledge

These words from the story contain the long i sound

spelled i, i_e, and igh.

decide

science

overnight

might

wired

Identify other words with the long i sound.

word knowledge sentences
Word Knowledge - Sentences

How do farmers

transport food to

the market?

transport

Identify the word with the prefix trans-.

What is the root word?

Name another word with a prefix plus port.

port

export, import, deport

word knowledge sentences1
Word Knowledge - Sentences

Did you see this scenic view?

scenic

Which word has the –ic suffix?

Identify the root word.

scene

What part of speech is scene?

noun

What part of speech is scenic?

adjective

word knowledge sentences2
Word Knowledge - Sentences

A survival kit is necessary in case of an emergency.

survival

Identify the word with the –al suffix.

Survival is most often used as a noun,

but in this sentence it is used as an adjective.

Identify other words with the –al suffix.

word knowledge sentences3
Word Knowledge - Sentences

We can learn

about nature

through science.

Identify the word with the long i sound.

science

how can we figure out the meaning of a word
How can we figure out the meaning of a word?
  • apposition – the definition of a word is found between two commas.
  • prefix
  • base word (Show word structure posters)
  • suffix
  • context clues – help you figure out the meaning of a word, by using the other words in the sentence as clues.

The magician’s amazing trick of disappearing before our eyes, was unbelievable.

slide21

Story vocabulary:

astronaut

excelled

specialized

qualified

applicants

simulates

techniques

THREE…

TWO…

ONE…

LIFTOFF!!

slide22

astronaut

“Use context clues”

Mae Jemison knew that she

wanted to be an astronaut.

The astronaut walked along

the moon to gather rock samples.

astronaut- a person who travels in space (p. 77)

slide23

astronaut

  • Definition: a person who travels in space
  • Synonym: cosmonaut, rocketeer
  • Part of Speech: noun
slide24

excelled

“Use context clues”

In high school, Mae was an honor roll student and excelled in math and science.

Sam studied hard and excelled in science.

excelled- did better than others (p. 80)

slide25

excelled

  • Definition: did better than others
  • Base + Suffix: excel + led (words that end with a vowel and ‘l’, change when a suffix is added).
  • Synonym: surpass, master, outshine
  • Antonym: inferior, fail
  • Part of Speech: verb
slide26

specialized

“Use context clues”

At Stanford, she specialized in African and Afro-American studies and chemical engineering.

Stanford University

Although Jimmy loved to study different types of science, he specialized in biology.

specialized- concentrated on one activity or subject (p. 80)

slide27

specialized

  • Definition: concentrated on one activity or subject
  • Suffix: -ed
  • Synonym: particular, pursue, study
  • Part of Speech: adjective
slide28

qualified

“Use context clues”

Mae was one of only fifteen people chosen from nearly two thousand qualified applicants.

The Olympic swimmer was qualified to teach swimming to young children.

qualified- skilled or experienced at doing something well (p. 82)

slide29

qualified

  • Definition: skilled or experienced at doing something well
  • Base + Suffix: qualify + ed
  • Synonym: capable, competent
  • Antonym: unqualified, incompetent
  • Part of Speech: adjective
slide30

applicants

“Use context clues”

Mae was one of only fifteen people chosen from nearly two thousand qualified applicants.

There were four applicants for the new drama teacher position.

applicants- people applying for or requesting something (p. 82)

slide31

applicants

  • Definition: people applying for or requesting something
  • Base + Suffix: applicant + s
  • Synonym: candidates, seekers
  • Antonym: boss, owners
  • Part of Speech: noun
slide32

simulates

“Use context clues”

She flew in a special training jet that simulates zero gravity.

Mary brought in a science project that simulates an erupting volcano.

simulates- imitates (p. 89)

slide33

simulates

  • Definition: imitates
  • Base + Suffix: simulate + s
  • Synonym: imitates, mimics, copies
  • Part of Speech: verb
slide34

techniques

“Use context clues”

To carry out the space-sickness experiment, Mae had been trained in the use of “biofeedback’ techniques.

The doctor had several techniques for treating a sick patient.

techniques- ways of handling something (p. 93)

slide35

techniques

  • Definition: ways of handling something
  • Base + Suffix: technique + s
  • Synonym: methods, skill, approach
  • Part of Speech: noun
vocabulary review
Vocabulary Review

astronaut- a person who travels in space

excelled- did better than others

specialized- concentrated on one activity or subject

qualified- skilled at doing something well

applicants- people applying for something

simulates- imitates

techniques- ways of handling something

vocabulary quiz
Vocabulary Quiz

simulates

specialized

techniques

excelled

astronaut

_____- a person who travels in space

_____- imitates

_____- concentrated on one activity or subject

_____- did better than others

______- ways of handling something

vocabulary review1
Vocabulary Review
  • astronaut a. ways of handling something
  • excelledb. imitates
  • specialized c. skilled or experienced at

doing something well

  • qualifiedd. people applying for or

requesting something

  • applicantse. concentrated on one activity

or subject

  • simulates f. did better than others
  • techniques g. a person who travels in space
slide39

Mae Jemison is a non-fiction story.

The genre is biography.

A biography is a true story written about a person’s life by another person.

A biography tells important information about a person’s life in chronological order.

It tells how a person felt, talked, and what they thought.

A biography might tell about a person’s whole life or just a specific part of their life.

mae jemison space scientist1
Mae Jemison : Space Scientist
  • Genre- Biography
  • Point of View- 3rd Person
  • Author’s Purpose- Inform

Mae Jemison took risks in order to achieve her goals.

Mae Jemison was the first African-American woman astronaut to travel in space. As a child, Mae Jemison wanted to be a scientist and an astronaut. Her family encouraged her to pursue this goal, while others couldn’t imagine Mae ever reaching her goals.

Mae has always lived by the motto, “Don’t be limited by others’ limited imaginations.”

clues problems wonderings
Clues, Problems, Wonderings

Let’s browse the biography Mae Jemison: Space Scientist and look for clues about the story, problems you may have while reading the story, and wonderings you have about the story.

Nonfiction stories can be browsed in their entirety. Look for main ideas (which are usually in the first sentence of a paragraph). Look at the title, author’s name, and the photographs taken by different people.

We want to write our findings in note form.

big ideas
Big Ideas
  • The story of Mae Jemison shows the benefits of taking risks and seeing where they may lead. Many people told Mae that she would not be able to achieve her goals of becoming a scientist and astronaut, but she believed otherwise and worked hard to reach her goals.
  • The risks that people like Mae Jemison have taken can inspire others to pursue their dreams.
  • Important accomplishments often involve calculated risks.
main idea and details fact and opinion
Main Idea and Details: Fact and Opinion
  • A main ideais the most important point the writer makes. It is what the paragraph (or story) is mostly about!
  • details provide more information. They support the main idea.
big mac cheeseburger
Big Mac Cheeseburger

What are the ingredients of a Big Mac Cheeseburger?

TOP BUN

Lettuce

Tomato

Cheese

Pickles

Special Sauce

Meat

BOTTOM BUN

slide47
.

The top bun of a paragraph is a topic sentence.

the topic sentence introduces the main idea of a paragraph
The topic sentence introduces the main idea of a paragraph.

Although most people believe that man’s best friend is a dog, I think it should be a cat.

Cats have been used as pets since the time of the pharaohs in Egypt. They have been found in countries all over the world. Obviously, cats have been the favorites of man for hundreds of years. I suppose cats are so well liked because they are gentle, friendly, and easy to take care of.

what is missing
What is missing?

He collects books that were written over a hundred years ago. But he is also interested in the best sellers of today. If I ever need to get him a present, I know I can always please him by buying him a book.

slide51

He collects books that were written over a hundred years ago. But he is also interested in the best sellers of today. If I ever need to get him a present, I know I can always please him by buying him a book.

  • Which of the following topic sentences is the best one for the above paragraph?
  • A. Reading is fun.
  • B. Books are my father’s hobby.
  • C. My father was a main influence in my life.
what is missing1
What is missing?

The most beautiful flower is the rose because it comes in so many different colors. Another beautiful flower is the daisy which sometimes grows wild. Spring flowers like tulips, daffodils, and crocuses are also very pretty.

slide53

One of the most beautiful flowers is the rose because it comes in so many different colors. It’s petals are soft and vibrant. Another beautiful flower is the daisy which sometimes grows wild. Spring flowers like tulips, daffodils, and crocuses are also very pretty.

  • Which of the following topic sentences is the best one for the above paragraph?
  • A. Don’t you just love spring?
  • B. The rose is the most loved flower the world over.
  • C. There are many lovely flowers to consider for your garden.
what is missing2
What is missing?

First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Finally, Canada’s cities are clean and efficiently managed.

slide55

First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Also, Canada has a high standard of education. A large majority of Canadians attend college or university. Finally, Canada’s cities are clean and efficiently managed.

  • A. Canada is our friendly neighbor to the north.
  • B. There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries of the world.
  • C. Choose Canada as a great place to vacation.
main idea and details fact and opinion1
Main Idea and Details: Fact and Opinion
  • A main ideais the most important point the writer makes. It is what the paragraph (or story) is mostly about!
  • details provide more information. They support the main idea.
slide57

R/W Workbook p. 41 – 42

“Main Idea and Details”

slide58

Brainpop and Brainpop Jr. –

Main Idea and Details

  • Notebooks Files (Unit 1 Workbook)
  • Main Idea Video Clip
slide59

Mae Jemison is a non-fiction story.

The genre is biography.

A biography is a true story written about a person’s life by another person.

A biography tells important information about a person’s life in chronological order.

It tells how a person felt, talked, and what they thought.

A biography might tell about a person’s whole life or just a specific part of their life.

slide60

Genre - Biography

R/W p. 43 - 44

Think about all the stories we have read together and you have read on your own. What are some biographies?

1. Teammates (Jackie Robinson)

Brainpop Jr. - Biography

types of sentences
Types of Sentences
  • What is a telling sentence? What punctuation does it end with?
  • What is an asking sentence? What punctuation does it end with?
  • What is a sentence that shows strong feeling? What punctuation does it end with?
slide62
There are 3 types of sentences
  • Statements/Telling sentences (ends with a .)
  • Asking sentences (ends with a ?)
  • Sentences that show strong feeling (ends with a !)

1. Mae graduated from Stanford . ? !

2. She was ready for new challenges . ? !

3. Endeavour was in orbit around earth . ? !

fill in the punctuation
Fill in the punctuation…

1. What is your name

2. Yesterday, I bought a bouquet of yellow roses

3. Can you tell me what time it is

4. I LOVE reading

5. I am in the fourth grade

r w wkbk p 47 48 types of sentences
R/W Wkbk p. 47 – 48“Types of Sentences”
  • Brainpop and Brainpop Jr.
  • Notebook files (Unit 1 Workbook)
slide65

People Who Must

I painted on the roof of a skyscraper.

I painted a long while and called it a day’s work.

The people on a corner swarmed and the traffic

cop’s whistle never let up all afternoon.

They were the same as bugs, many bugs on

their way-

Those people on the go or at a standstill;

And the traffic cop a spot of blue, a splinter

of brass,

Where the black tides ran around him

And he kept the street. I painted a long while

And called it a day’s work.

slide66

The Acrobats

Flying high on silver bars

Ladies spangled like the sun

Turn just so, and then let go-

And catch another one!

And smile when they come down, and wave,

And are not proud of being brave.

slide67

astronaut

  • Definition: a person who travels in space
  • Synonym: cosmonaut, rocketeer
  • Part of Speech: noun
slide68

excelled

  • Definition: did better than others
  • Base + Suffix: excel + led (words that end with a vowel and ‘l’, change when a suffix is added).
  • Synonym: surpass, master, outshine
  • Antonym: inferior, fail
  • Part of Speech: verb
slide69

specialized

  • Definition: concentrated on one activity or subject
  • Suffix: -ed
  • Synonym: particular, pursue, study
  • Part of Speech: adjective
slide70

qualified

  • Definition: skilled or experienced at doing something well
  • Base + Suffix: qualify + ed
  • Synonym: capable, competent
  • Antonym: unqualified, incompetent
  • Part of Speech: adjective
slide71

applicants

  • Definition: people applying for or requesting something
  • Base + Suffix: applicant + s
  • Synonym: candidates, seekers
  • Antonym: boss, owners
  • Part of Speech: noun
slide72

simulates

  • Definition: imitates
  • Base + Suffix: simulate + s
  • Synonym: imitates, mimics, copies
  • Part of Speech: verb
slide73

techniques

  • Definition: ways of handling something
  • Base + Suffix: technique + s
  • Synonym: methods, skill, approach
  • Part of Speech: noun