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Family Systems Therapy. Dr. Alfred Adler Dr. Murray Bowen Dr. Virginia Satir Dr. Carl Whitaker Dr. Salvador Minuchin Dr. Jay Haley Dr. Cloe’ Madanes (Haley). Basic Assumption. Serve a purpose for the family Conflict

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family systems therapy

Family Systems Therapy

Dr. Alfred Adler

Dr. Murray Bowen

Dr. Virginia Satir

Dr. Carl Whitaker

Dr. Salvador Minuchin

Dr. Jay Haley

Dr. Cloe’ Madanes (Haley)

basic assumption
Basic Assumption
  • Serve a purpose for the family
    • Conflict
  • Be a function of the family’s inability to operate productively
    • The Cause
  • Be handed down across generations
primary goal of therapy
Primary Goal of Therapy
  • To bring about change in the family system, which is assumed to produce change in the individual members of that family unit…
adlerian family therapy
Adlerian Family Therapy
  • Basic Assumption: Both parents and children become stuck in repetitive negative interactions, which become motivators for the type of behavior displayed by the entire family…
  • EX: Arguing, Tobacco & Alcohol Use, Trouble with authority, etc…
family power authority
Family Power & Authority

Decision

Maker

F

F

Decision

Maker

P

2

P

1

2

3

1

2

3

TYPICAL

DYSFUNCTIONAL

role of therapist
Role of Therapist

The role of the therapist is that of a “Collaborator” who actually seeks to join the family unit…

goals of adlerian family therapy
Goals of Adlerian Family Therapy
  • Unlock mistaken goals and interactional patterns
  • Engage parents in a learning experience and joint assessment
    • Of the family
  • Place emphasis on the family’s motivational patterns
    • What makes them tick
  • To initiate a reorientation of the family
    • Teach them new ways
multi generational family therapy murray bowen
Multi-Generational Family Therapy: Murray Bowen
  • Bowen the original developer of mainstream family therapy
  • A family can be best understood when it is analyzed from at least a three-generational perspective…
basic concept of differentiation of self triangulation
Basic Concept of Differentiation of Self & Triangulation
  • Differentiation of Self
    • The psychological separation of intellect and emotion and independence of self from others
  • Triangulation
    • Eliciting the support of a third party to lessen emotional tension between other family members

Central

To

Therapy Model

multi generational goals
Multi-Generational Goals
  • To change the individuals within the system
  • To end generation-to-generation transmission of problems by resolving emotional attachment
  • To lessen anxiety and relieve symptoms
  • To increase the individual member’s level of differentiation
human validation process model virginia satir
Human Validation Process Model: Virginia Satir
  • Her approach emphasizes:
    • Communication
    • Emotional Experiencing
    • And, stresses the involvement of the therapist with a family

The model is called: “Con-Joint Family Therapy”

validation process
Validation Process
  • Enhancement and validation of self-esteem
  • Family Rules
  • Congruence and openness in communication
  • Sculpting
  • Nurturing Triads
  • Family Mapping and Chronologies
goals of conjoint therapy
Goals of Conjoint Therapy
  • Open Communication
    • Individuals are allowed to honestly report their perceptions
  • Enhancement of Self-Esteem
    • Family decisions are based on individual needs
  • Encouragement of Growth
    • Differences are acknowledged
  • Transforming extreme rules into useful and functional rules
    • Families have many spoken and unspoken rules
experiential family therapy carl whitaker
Experiential Family Therapy:Carl Whitaker

This approach stresses:

  • Choice
  • Freedom
  • Self-Determination
  • Growth
  • Self-Actualization
therapist emphasis
Therapist Emphasis
  • Unmask pretense, create new meaning, and liberate family members
  • Techniques are secondary
  • Creates family turmoil
phases of family therapy
Phases of Family Therapy
  • Engagement
  • Involvement
  • Disentanglement
goals of experiential family therapy
Goals of Experiential Family Therapy
  • Individual autonomy
  • Achieve more intimacy
  • Encourage free expression
  • Promote spontaneity, creativity, the ability to play, and the willingness to be “Crazy”
structural family therapy salvador minuchin
Structural Family Therapy:Salvador Minuchin
  • An approach to understanding the nature of the family, the presenting problem, and the process of change…
  • An approach that stresses action over insight…
family structure
Family Structure
  • Basic Family
  • Family Sub-Systems
    • Spousal sub-system
    • Mother/father sub-system
    • Sibling sub-system
    • Extended family sub-system
strategic family therapy jay haley
Strategic Family Therapy: Jay Haley
  • Focus is on solving problems in the present
  • Therapy is brief
  • Therapist designs strategies
  • Change results when family follows therapist directions
goals of therapy
Goals of Therapy
  • Resolve presenting problem
  • Change Behavior
  • Shift family organization
  • Move family toward an appropriate stage of development