Dairy IndustryAn Overview of the Dairy Industry in Georgia Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office Dr. Frank Flanders and Scott Register April 2006
Objectives Students will be able to: • Explain the importance of the dairy industry in Georgia. • Name 4 dairy products. • Name 3 or more of the 6 major dairy breeds. • State key facts about each breed. • Name the top three dairy producing counties. • Rank the Dairy Industry compared to other Georgia agricultural commodities. • Rank Georgia with other states in dairy production.
Why is the dairy industry important? Dairy products comprise a major part of our diet. The average American consumes about 66 gallons of milk per year. This includes not only drinking milk but also products that use milk. Milk production in Georgia totaled 1.47 billion pounds from 660 dairy farms in 2002. Production is steadily increasing each year. Georgia currently has over 84,000 dairy cows.
Dairy Products There are over 30 main types of dairy products. However, dairy products are a part of almost all recipes and foods. Most common categories are: MilkYogurt CheeseIce Creams Sour Cream Butter
Dairy Cow Breeds There are 5 major dairy breeds Holstein Brown Swiss Jersey Guernsey Ayrshire Milking Shorthorn
Holstein Originated in Europe Distinguished by their black and white markings (sometimes black and red, as a recessive gene) On average 9 out of 10 dairy cows are Holstein Produces the most milk per cow of all the breeds This is the breed made more popular by Chick-fil-A® ads. They are not a beef breed, but the ads are clever and effective. However, a large portion of beef comes from Holstein steers and past production cows.
Brown Swiss Originated in Switzerland Colors can range from nearly white to very dark brown Most resilient breed, can withstand harsh elements
Jersey Originated in the Isle of Jersey, off the French coast Second most popular breed to the Holstein Smallest of all the dairy breeds Milk contains the highest butterfat content
Guernsey Originated in Isle of Guernsey, in the English Channel Their color is a shade of fawn with white markings Consumes 20 to 30 percent less feed per pound of milk produced than larger dairy breeds Total number of this breed is decreasing
Ayrshire Originated in Ayr in Scotland Their color varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany, brown, or a combination of these colors with white. Some are all white. Formerly used as dual-purpose breed for dairy and meat producers
Milking Shorthorn Originated in Northeastern England in the Valley of the Tees River Can range in colors from either red, red and white, white or roan Most versatile of all breeds Originally used for meat, later developed more for the milking industry
Dairy Producing Counties in Georgia In 2004 the counties with the most: Average milk production per head of cattle – in pounds 1 Randolph 22,300 2 Laurens 22,125 3 Sumter 22,100 4 Ware 22,049 5 Cherokee 22,000 Head of dairy cattle 1 Macon 9,000 2 Putnam 8,500 3 Morgan 6,200 4 Brooks 6,000 5 Appling 4,500 6 Mitchell 3,820 7 Greene 3,000 8 Burke 2,800 9 Wilkes 2,800 10 Jasper 2,500
US Milk Production Top milk production states 1 California 2 Wisconsin 3 New York 4 Pennsylvania 5 Idaho Georgia ranks 25 in this ranking
Interesting Facts • It takes 2.5 gallons of milk to make one gallon of ice cream. • It takes 10 gallons of milk to make one pound of cheese. • It takes two gallons of water to create one gallon of milk. • 500 gallons of blood have to pass through the udder to produce one gallon of milk. • The average cow produces 6-8 gallons of milk per day. That is 96 to 128 glasses of milk per day. • You would have to eat 2.5 cups of broccoli or 1 cup of turnip greens to equal the calcium in two servings of dairy products.
Assessment 1. Name 4 dairy products. 2. Which of the following is the most accurate about the number of dairy cattle in Georgia? A. 4,568 B. Over 1,000 C. Over 84,000 D. Over 1,000,000 3. Name 3 of the 6 major dairy breeds. 4. Which is the most versatiledairy breed? 5. Which breed of dairy cattle are typically black and white? 6. Which breed of dairy cattle produces the most butterfat in their milk? A. Brown Swiss B. Jersey C. Ayrshire D. Holstein
Assessment Continued 7. Name one of the top dairy counties in Georgia. 8. Milk products rank _____ in Georgia’s total commodities worth. A. 4 B. 1 C. 56 C. 7 9. What is Georgia’s ranking in the US for milk production? A. 25 B. 2 C. 10 C. 50 10. What state ranks number one in milk production? A. Ohio B. Kentucky C. Wisconsin D. California
Quiz Key 1. Milk, Yogurt, Cheese, Ice Cream, Sour Cream, Butter (and any other specifics) 2. C. Over 84,000 3. Holstein, Brown Swiss, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Milking Shorthorn 4. Milking Shorthorn 5. Holstein 6. Jersey
Quiz Key Continued 7. Macon, Putnam, Morgan, Brooks, and Appling are the top five 8. C. 7 9. A. 25 10. D. California
References • http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker • http://www.georgiastats.uga.edu/sasweb/cgi-bin/broker • http://www.fmmacentral.com/PDFdata/msb200502.pdf • http://www.dailyping.com/archive/2000/05/28/