an evaluation of an on line anatomy course by lab instructors building on instructional design
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An Evaluation of an On-line Anatomy Course by Lab Instructors: Building on Instructional Design Guo, X., Katz, L., & Maitland, M. The University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada Presented By: Chris Chisamore, MA EdTech Sport Technology Research Centre In Montreal, at the

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an evaluation of an on line anatomy course by lab instructors building on instructional design

An Evaluation of an On-line Anatomy Course by Lab Instructors: Building on Instructional Design

Guo, X., Katz, L., & Maitland, M.

The University of Calgary,

Calgary, Canada

Presented By: Chris Chisamore, MA EdTech

Sport Technology Research Centre

In Montreal, at the

AACE E-Learn 2002, World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education

introduction to the project
Introduction to the Project
  • Innovative laboratory and video series
  • Commercially developed products
  • Locally developed learning modules
  • Web-based resources
  • New approach to teaching and synthesizing resources
  • Motivate learner
  • Independent study with feedback
  • Research into how people learn
benefits of the project
Benefits of the Project
  • On-line learning benefits:
    • Flexible and dynamic learning environment
    • Allows for multimedia presentations
    • Provides access to a potentially rich, collaborative and powerful learning environment
  • Requires thoughtful analysis and investigation of Web’s potential and instructional design principles
evaluation of the project
Evaluation of the Project
  • Evaluation methods for on-line learning varied
  • For this study: qualitative approach
    • From the perspective of instructional design and teaching strategy
content of the project
Content of the Project

An on-line computer lab including four labs

lab introduction
Lab: Introduction

Every lab has a brief introduction detailing important anatomical features.

lab surface anatomy
Lab: Surface Anatomy

The surface anatomy section includes labeled regions of muscles, bones, and organs which can be viewed from anterior, lateral, or posterior positions.

lab dissection
Lab: Dissection

The information, images, and tests of the dissection section are launched from the Gold Standard Multimedia web site Human Anatomy Online.

lab movement
Lab: Movement

Joint articulation in the movement section is demonstrated in video captures of human motion, and three-dimensional animation movies.

the functional anatomy website
The Functional Anatomy Website

www.kin.ucalgary.ca/anatomy

lab 2 the upper extremity
LAB 2 – The Upper Extremity

Shoulder: Elevation/Depression

lab 2 the upper extremity12
LAB 2 – The Upper Extremity

Elbow: Flexion/Extension

lab 3 the lower extremity
LAB 3 – The Lower Extremity

Hip: External/Internal Lateral Rotation

lab 3 the lower extremity14
LAB 3 – The Lower Extremity

Ankle: Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion

lab 4 the torso
LAB 4 – The Torso

Neck: C1-C2 Occipital Hexion

research
Research
  • Anatomy course at the university of Calgary
  • Learner style, experience, gender and attitude toward technology
  • Impact on performance
  • Learner interactions with the technology including on-task and off-task behavior
methods
Methods
  • Participants
    • Four lab instructors
  • Instruments and its validity
    • Five-point Likert scale of ten questions
  • Procedure
    • Informed consent, questionnaire, interviewed
  • Analysis of the results
    • Descriptive statistical analysis for questionnaires, interviews transcribed and cross-referenced
results demographics
Results - Demographics
  • 3 instructors, 2 classes/week
  • 1 instructor, 1 class/week
  • Classes averaged 24 students (computer and cadaver lab)
results overall
Results - Overall
  • Results indicated need for:
    • Clear teaching objectives
    • Appropriate amount of information for students
    • Teaching strategies to match learning style and motivation of students
    • Instructors positive about the dynamic and interactive 3-D animation
results of questionnaires
Results of Questionnaires
  • First six questions, on general impressions:
    • 3 of 4 satisfied with website navigation and exercises
    • 3 of 4 satisfied with content and presentation
    • 2 of 4 satisfied with course objectives
  • Second part, on students opinions
    • Did not feel computer environment improved students’ communication or motivation, undecided if students learned more or not
    • Felt students preferred the cadaver lab
results of interviews
Results of Interviews
  • Felt on-line course content too detailed
  • Felt role in computer lab more of facilitator
  • Computer lab vs. Cadaver lab?
    • Cadaver lab, hands on experience but time limited
    • Computer lab, review material, more interactive than textbook (animation, movement clips)
    • However, text (i.e. textbook) is tangible, mobile
    • Feeling was that on-line computer lab, while dynamic and helpful, cannot replace the textbook
results other issues
Results – Other Issues
  • Learner characteristics (more kinetic, learning by doing)
  • Career relevance
  • Stability and quality of software programme
  • (could frustrate student enthusiasm if not handled properly)
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Issues of gender
  • Learning styles
  • Computer use
  • The need for instructional design, content and teaching strategies which account for learner characteristics as well as classroom environment
  • 3-D animation and interactivity attracted students
conclusions24
Conclusions
  • Suggestions included:
    • Content should be current/relevant to students needs
    • Expected learning outcomes must be clearly defined
    • Too much text on one page should be avoided
    • Students should not be overwhelmed with information
    • Increased Internet access, voluntary lab assignments should be encouraged
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Future study of student work-load and its impact on knowledge mastery
  • Student comfort with using technology as it relates to performance and attitude
slide26
Thank You

http://www.kin.ucalgary.ca/strc/anatomyweb2/

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