8 brazilian bureaucracy l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
8 Brazilian Bureaucracy PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
8 Brazilian Bureaucracy

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

8 Brazilian Bureaucracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

8 Brazilian Bureaucracy. Bureaucracy, It Goes to Eleven. Many of us find interacting with bureaucracies to be frustrating Why? Not because they are flawed Rather, it has more to do with their ideals of strict adherence to rule-based actions

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '8 Brazilian Bureaucracy' - adamdaniel

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
bureaucracy it goes to eleven
Bureaucracy, It Goes to Eleven
  • Many of us find interacting with bureaucracies to be frustrating
  • Why?
  • Not because they are flawed
  • Rather, it has more to do with their ideals of strict adherence to rule-based actions
  • Why do we have to have this in every large organization?
  • Indispensible for performing routine administrative functions
  • The vast majority of stuff that governments do is done by bureaucracies
the ideals of bureaucratic governance
The Ideals of Bureaucratic Governance
  • Max Weber (1864-1920) recognized that modern nation-states need bureaucracies
  • He argued that an ideal bureaucracy should be rational and efficient
  • A few critical elements:
  • Clear Assignment of Roles: Clear organization avoids both duplication of efforts and gaps in the process
the ideals of bureaucratic governance4
The Ideals of Bureaucratic Governance
  • Rules: to ensure decisions are impersonal and consistent and avoid favoring or discriminating
  • Hierarchy: allows for effective control of the bureaucracy and for handling challenges to the rule-based decision making
the ideals of bureaucratic governance5
The Ideals of Bureaucratic Governance
  • Professionals: recruitment and promotion on the basis of merit to make sure the right people are in the optimum position
  • The ideal of rule-based decision making is to protect less powerful and influential from those with more power and influence
  • To make sure everyone is treated the same
bureaucratic roles
Bureaucratic Roles
  • Bureaucracies are omnipresent
  • Can categorize by function
  • Service: providing services such as education, health care, welfare programs, parks
  • Regulation: watching over particular segments of the economy (i.e. the FDA or the SEC
bureaucratic roles7
Bureaucratic Roles
  • Implementation: making sure that laws get put in place and determining all of the relevant details
  • Policymaking: legislatures often pass general laws describing what they want but leave the specifics to the expertise of bureaucracies
the iron triangle
The Iron Triangle
  • Elected leaders typically have little interest in exerting the effort necessary to monitor and control bureaucracies
  • In contrast, the interests groups directly affected by the bureaucracy have a great deal of interest
  • This can result in an iron triangle formed by bureaucracies, interest groups, and the relevant congressional committee(s)
the iron triangle9
The Iron Triangle
  • The bureaucracy can be “captured” so it focuses on the needs of the interest group rather than the public interest
  • These iron triangles can be very powerful and all but impenetrable by outside actors
  • Are bureaucracies and democracy compatible?
  • The vast majority of agencies perform quite effectively in the democratic context
agency theory and the responsive bureaucracy
Agency Theory and the Responsive Bureaucracy
  • Agency Theory or the Principal-Agent Model asserts that bureaucracies work like contractors to the legislature
  • Elected officials do not have to monitor closely, they just need to monitor the results and keep an eye out for problems
  • This explains how bureaucracies do adjust to the will of elected officials and the public
the cockroach theory of bureaucracy
The Cockroach Theory of Bureaucracy
  • Bureaucracies struggle against other demands for limited funds
  • Those that fail to meet their public service demands or draw critical attention could have their budgets cut
  • The goal is to avoid negative attention (from the media or elsewhere)
  • The bureaucracies monitor their own behavior accordingly