bureaucracy l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Bureaucracy PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Bureaucracy

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 22
Download Presentation

Bureaucracy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Roberta
377 Views
Download Presentation

Bureaucracy

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Bureaucracy

  2. Federal Bureaucracy • Largest part of the federal government • Fastest growing part of the federal government • Least subject to democratic control

  3. Overview • Rationale For • Organization Of • Cabinet • Independent Executive Agencies • Independent Regulatory Agencies • Government Corporations • Staffing • Procedures

  4. Rationale • Promote more efficient distribution of government services • Look at basic bureaucratic structure

  5. NJCU COE CAS CPS Sciences Arts Natural Social Anthro Soc Poli Econ Psych Amer Gov ComparativeGovernment IR Theory

  6. Rationale • Efficiency obtained through: • Hierarchy/Chain of Command • Specialization and Expertise • Impersonal Relations • Standard Operating Procedures

  7. Cabinet Departments • Cabinet Departments • 15 Cabinet Departments AgricultureCommerceDefense EducationEnergyHHS Homeland SecHUDInterior JusticeLabor State TransportationTreasuryVA

  8. Cabinet Departments • Defense is the largest in terms of personnel (664,524) and budget • Education is the smallest department (4,567) • FY 2007 Budgets by Department

  9. Independent Executive Agencies • IEAs are agencies who report directly to the president but stand independent of the federal bureaucracy e.g., • CIA • EPA • NASA

  10. Independent Regulatory Agency • Agency substantially independent of both the rest of the executive branch and Congress • Usually dedicated to regulating a narrow area of public policy • e.g., Fed FCC FTC NLRB, EEOC

  11. Government Corporations • Government owned business designed as a for-profit enterprise • e.g., FDIC, TVA, USPS, AmTrak, PBS

  12. Staffing • Spoils System • Job appointments given over to executive branch • Jobs awarded on the basis of political ties and fealty

  13. Staffing • Merit System • 1883 Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act) • Jobs awarded on basis of merit/qualifications • Created Civil Service Commission to administer personnel decisions (hire/pay)

  14. Staffing • Civil Service Reform Act (1978) • Merit Systems Protection Board Office of Personnel Mangement

  15. Functions • Bureaucracies are in some ways a “mini” government unto unthemselves • administrative • implementation of legislative and executive policies • quasi legislative • proposed rules • quasi judicial • enforcement of rules

  16. Functions • Bureaucrats can have important role in shaping public policy • they can support the president with information • they can shape presidential options with information provided • they can undermine the president with information and actions

  17. Functions • “Whistleblower” protection • Enacted originally in 1989, renewed and amended since then • Protects employees who disclose wasteful spending, discrimination, unsafe working conditions, illegal activities, etc. at place of employment, including federal agencies

  18. Functions • Bureaucrats have a crucial role to play in development of policy considerations • Main players in public policy are: • legislative • executive • interest groups involved on issue

  19. Functions Bureaucrats Congressional committees Interest Groups

  20. Functions • “Public” policy becomes less concerned over issues related to the broad public • Specific groups affected by the proposed policy and policy changes dictate public policy • Once programs are created, it is very difficult to remove them

  21. Functions Angora wool subsidies • 1954 National Wool Act • 1960 wool removed from list of “strategic materials” • 1989 recommendation to kill program costing $230 million/year (DOA) • 1993 Senate passed recommendation to kill • 1994 main program killed, but... • 2008 program continues in downscaled form (special assistance loans to producers)

  22. Bureaucratic Reform • Sunset Laws • Timed phase out of government programs unless have explicit renewal provision enacted • Sunshine Laws • Open bureaucratic proceedings to greater public scrutiny and access • Privatization • Turn government programs over to the private sector • Greater efficiency of market forces will produce better service at a cheaper cost to taxpayers