CITY AND CITIZENS – CAN CULTURE CHANGE COMMUNITIES?
What does our experience show us? • Most comprehensive cultural experiment? • Reflection of the changing shape of culture • Need to mix heritage and innovation • Economy led; tourism strong models most visibly successful • Economic Impact 8-12x investment • More info: www.impacts08.net • Social impact less understood - more important?
ECoC and Community Connection • Community • Economy • People • Programming • Passion • Civic pride=community cohesion=economic confidence • Chance to create a shared “city narrative” • Result: more connected, engaged and successful city
Beyond the Peripherique? • People are looking for something to connect with • Old structures have disappeared • Also sense of “belonging” • Disengagement and disconnection; “broken Cities” ; BRUMP effect! • Unlocking local passion = more connected and engaged communities • Culture is good for your health! • Need for a stronger and more joined up community programming
Are we doing enough to really engage with Communities? “Usual suspects” Not interesting or exciting People stick to their own areas/communities Poor marketing Event overload Funding Transport Art in Unusual Places! Lack of clear strategy or plan
Liverpool 2008 – Focus on Participation Key element in success of Application Embedded in 2008 Strategic goals - Repositioning, Regeneration, Participation, Sustainability Build up years crucial in building capacity and trust Creative Communities 08 Volunteers Addressing key City issues Getting local people involved
Creative Communities Identified key City challenges Appointed Programme Managers - Health, Youth, Neighbourhoods, Crime, Environment Each project worked with range of Partners Developed programmes to address local/strategic issues It’s Not OK – Youth Crime and Anti Social Behaviour 4 Corners – Cultural development of 5 Districts Streetwaves Superlambanana
08 Volunteers New Model for Cultural Volunteering Started small (2005)and experimented Mapped City to recruit from under-represented areas Part of wider Liverpool Welcome programme 1,000 Volunteers; 7,000 Volunteer days 50+ people prominent Welcoming Face of Liverpool 2008 Influenced other ECoC Volunteering
What Was the Legacy? Less strategic than ideal Better to review best practice and mainstream Volunteers retained despite funding cuts City Stars Partnership – now 10 years of Volunteering Culture still influential in participation strategy Major events taken to difficult areas of City Bureaucratic Post 2008 City Processes – ideas “lost”
Kosice 2013 Spots project central to winning nomination Transformation of heat exchanger stations 7 Projects in different districts Cultural mapping led to tailored solution Focus varied from youth to older people Some criticism of location selection Legacy benefits still unclear
Riga 2014 Roadmap – one of 6 Artistic Programme lines Encouraging participation from Riga’s 58 Districts Programmes decided by Open Call No mapping or focus on solving City issues Artistic curators; 18 projects; 118 events Riga Evaluation reflects satisfaction with Road map Recommendation to include culture more in urban development Stronger effect in connecting to City Centre events Yet people say (63%) that they take cultural activity locally
Other examples .. Pilsen 2015 – Guardian Angels San Sebastian 2016 – Citizen-Led selection panels Paphos 2017 – Community Countdown Aarhus 2017 – Rethink the City Plovdiv 2019 – Can ECoC bring the City “Together”? Rijeka 2020 – 27 Districts Kaunas 2022 – Fluxus Labs .......and over to our guests