DELPI Doriane CROUSILLAC Dimitri DESBEUX Emeline DUPLESSIS Charline. 1 ère ESO 4. Ellis Island. Année 2007-2008 Lycée d’Arsonval. Introduction. Ellis Island is an historic place located at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York, in New Jersey.
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Then, a Dutch man whosenamewas Michael Paawrenamed the island Oyster Island in the 1630s.
In 1664, the British took possession of the area and theyrenamedit Gull Island. Later, the name of the islandchanged to Gibbert Island because a lot of men werehanged. EI wasbought in 1808 by the US WarDepartement for 10.000 $. In 1814, EI became an immigrant station.
The Ellis Island Immigrant Station wasdesigned by twoarchitects : Edward LippincottTilton and William Boring. Theyreceived a gold medalat the 1900 Paris Exposition for the building’s design.
The homesteadActwas a lawthat gave a freeholdtitle to 160 acres (one quarter section or about 65 hectares) of undeveloped land . The person to whom the titlewasgrantedhad to beat least 21 yearsold, to have built on the section, to have farmed on it for 5 years, and to have a house thatwasat least of 12 by 14 feet (3.6X4.3 m) in size. The Actwassignedinto a law by President Abraham Lincoln on May 20, 1862.
Ellis Island welcomed 12 million people and wasclosed in november 1954.