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Lesson 8: Power In Diversity. “Every human being, of whatever origin, of whatever station, deserves respect. We must each respect others even as we respect ourselves” - U.Thant. 1. How is the U.S. image of diversity changing?.

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lesson 8 power in diversity

Lesson 8: Power In Diversity

“Every human being, of whatever origin, of whatever station, deserves respect. We must each respect others even as we respect ourselves”

-U.Thant

1 how is the u s image of diversity changing
1. How is the U.S. image of diversity changing?
  • Assimilation: When subordinate groups take on the characteristics of the dominant group. Has evolved to be seen as unfair.
    • - Once believed that this “melting pot” would create a single kind of society.
  • Pluralism: Perspective suggests that dominant and subordinate groups function respectfully together without hostility or violence.
    • - By 2100 White=40%, Hispanic=60%
2 why should leaders be concerned with diversity
2. Why should leaders be concerned with diversity?
  • The “bottom line” is main reason leaders must work with diversity.
    • Research shows that companies that are diverse with minorities at all levels are more successful.
  • Innovation comes from many differing backgrounds.
    • Jack Welch of GE calls this the “Competitive business advantage.”
3 what is a subordinate or minority group
3. What is a subordinate or minority group?
  • Minority or subordinate groups often struggle for success.
  • Racial groups identified by physical differences … negative result is racism.
    • no mutually exclusive, pure biological races.
  • Ethnic groups: distinctive national origins and cultures.
  • Religious groups: shared faith.
    • In U.S. Protestants outnumber all other groups.
    • Catholics are largest minority religion.
3 what is a subordinate or minority group1
3. What is a subordinate or minority group?
  • Gender groups:
    • “Glass ceilings” exist for women.
    • Social barriers still exist.
  • Other subordinate groups: minorities, disabilities, education, age, political beliefs, etc.
    • Are excluded because of lack of understanding, discomfort, overgeneralization of behavior.
    • Dominant groups feel threatened by differences.
  • Race really does not matter.
    • Race does not predict intelligence!
4 what is the debate about affirmative action
4. What is the debate about Affirmative Action?
  • “Race” can be viewed as social construction.
    • Access to education is creating a more pluralistic society.
  • Affirmative Action (1961): Ensures jobs and students are equally awarded.
    • Reverse-discrimination soon became an issue.
  • By 1978 the Bakke case caused debate.
    • Lawsuit because a white medical student did not get accepted to the program despite being more qualified than the minority (he won).
5 how should leaders deal with increasing diversity
5. How should leaders deal with increasing diversity?
  • Leaders must be sensitive to “Glass Ceilings, Walls, and Escalators.”
    • Lawsuits occurring because of traditional corporate cultures.
  • Hiring of older workers is an excellent investment.
  • Focus on the “Big Picture.”
    • All people are enriched when people contribute.
  • Giuliani – example…many benefiting from one of minority status (He was Italian American).
    • He increased the “bottom line” from deficit to surplus in New York City . . . considered a hero.