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Development of Russia

Development of Russia

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Development of Russia

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  1. Development of Russia Impact of the Byzantine Empire

  2. East & Central Europe • Slavic people divided into 3 groups: western, eastern, & southern Slavs • Western Slavs formed the Polish & Bohemian kingdoms • Poles, Czechs, Hungarians were all converted to Christianity by German Monks • Eastern Slavic people were converted to Orthodox Christianity by two Byzantine missionary brothers; Cyril & Methodius • Croats, Serbs, & Bulgarians were converted to Eastern Orthodoxy

  3. Russia • Eastern Slavic people settled in present day Ukraine & Russia • 8th century, Swedish Vikings began to move in search of plunder & trade routes • Vikings eventually dominated the native people • Vikings named it Rus = where word Russia is derived

  4. St. Cyril and St. Methodius

  5. Kievan Rus • Oleg, Viking leader, settled in Kiev at the beginning of 10th century & created principality of Kiev • Oleg successors expanded Kiev until it reached territory between Baltic & Black Seas, & Danube & Volga rivers • The growth of Kiev attracted Byzantine missionaries

  6. Oleg

  7. KievanRus Continued… • Vikings married Slavic wives & gradually assimilated into the Slavic population • Rus leader, Vladimir, married sister of Byzantine Emperor • Officially accepted the Eastern Orthodox Church for himself and all the people in 988 (It became the state religion) • KievanRus prospered up until invasions brought an end to the 1st Russian state in 1169

  8. Vladimir I Chose Eastern Orthodoxy

  9. Mongol Rule in Russia • 13th century, Mongols conquered Russia & forced Russian princes to pay tribute to them • Alexander Nevsky, prince of Novgorood, defeated a German army in northwest Russia in 1242 • Khan, leader of Mongolia, rewarded Nevsky title of grand prince • Nevsky descendants became princes of Moscow & eventual leaders of Russia

  10. Alexander Nevsky, Prince Of Novgorod

  11. Ivan III • Ruled from1462 – 1505 • United the Russian nation and strengthened the authority of the monarchy • His reign marks the beginning of Muscovite Russia. He assumed the title of 'Sovereign of all Russia', and adopted the emblem of the two-headed eagle of the Byzantine Empire. • After the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453, the Russians came to regard their branch of the Orthodox Church as the last stronghold of true Christianity. • Freed Russia from the Mongols in 1480

  12. Classwork • P. 300 Geography Skills • P. 302 Read the Eyewitness to History and answer the three questions • YOU MUST WRITE THE QUESTIONS!