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Victorian Brown Coal Resource OutlinePresentation to SEATSLatrobe City Brown Coal – A Charlie Speirs – Director, Clean Coal Victoria 16 August 2013
Courtesy of AGL LY COAL AT THE CROSSROADS GOVERNMENT OWNERS SNG COMMUNITY SCPF PLASTICS PCC FISCHER-TROPSCH GASOLINE JET FUEL COKE NAPTHA IGCC ETS ELECTRICITY METHANOL CARBON TAX DIESEL CCS OXYFUEL AMMONIA UREA H2 DRYING CHAR IDGCC NAPTHA LIQUEFACTION TAR CTL
What Government is doing BCIA Co-invests in brown coal research with industry & academia ETIS Supports development of low emissions technologies Coal allocation To stimulate investment to deliver economic benefits CarbonNet Investigating geological storage to manage CO2 Transition to a lower emissions future Resource planning & land use implications Community engagement & consultation Infrastructure, water & rehab. Coal roadmap Future pathways for coal Clean Coal Victoria
Clean Coal Victoria Our role Develop value parameters – mining costs & resource utilization Develop a balanced sequence of mining (SOM) Resource understanding & planning Consult with stakeholders on all aspects of CCV work Develop a strategic plan for brown coal Apply SOM to land use, environment, geotech. & hydro-geological aspects Develop a strategy for mine rehabilitation (incl. native vegetation) Develop concept plans for infrastructure (processing & transport) Develop a Coal Roadmap Demonstrate future pathways for coal
Coal Roadmap Horizons (Notional) 2010 2020 Planning & demonstration Horizon 1: What can we do with existing assets to reduce emissions. ( 0 to 10 years) 2035 2015 Horizon 2: What can we replace current power assets with? (Existing world technology ) (+5 years to build) 2050 Horizon 3: What new approaches do we need to continue to use coal in a sustainable manner? (new inventions 10+ years)
Clean Coal Can be a Reality Drying coal to reduce water content and increase energy value; Increasing the temperature and pressure in boilers - raise combustion efficiency; Gasifying coal to syngas - more efficient combustion in a gas turbine; Gasifying to syngas - further processed to high value products e.g. low sulphur diesel or urea; Capture the CO2 emissions and permanently store then deep underground
Product to Market – Transport Aspects Mr. Jon McNaught of GHD Transport Issues - Product to Market
The Gippsland Transport Dilemma What issue, we have capacity now, what’s the problem? Our lignite one of the cleanest coals in the world – just got water mixed in Growing demand for cleaner sources energy, particularly in China, India, Japanand Korea Proven, existing commercial technologies to upgrade our lignite Commercially viable (bankable) projects 1-5Mtpa scale Existing transport routes create barriers – higher costs to get to market (vs competition) reduce viability
The Gippsland Transport Dilemma Demand here, now. Constrained by infrastructure/logistics path in Victoria. Improved capacity, reduced cost path would mean more projects viable now. Build it and they will come? vs Traditionally only build to reduce bottlenecks
What do we really need? Short term – ok Medium term - ? What COULD it look like - ? What is reasonable demand? Supply? In what time frames? What stages in implementation? Other activities/drivers?
Scenarios 1-5Mtpa – <5 years 10-20Mtpa – <10 years 30-50Mtpa – <15 years Efficient use of infrastructure considerations Funding – who will pay, manage and operate, upgrades? Flexibility – in products, timing Options to transport material
50Mtpa Option Gippsland location, logistics driven to meet ship loading reqs 16 loaded trains per day (4 Locos, 90 wagons, 1500m long) 9,000 tonnes per train, 32 tonne axle load A paradigm shift from Victorian trains today (current limits = over 80 loaded trains)
The Dilemma $3b = $6-7/t onto ship Gippsland gets world class rail and bulk port facilities Gippsland (and Victoria/Aust) gets new employment World gets cleaner energy to meet demand Vs $24 - $40/t onto ship Congestion, and world class energy resource lays in wait