Ferdinand Magellan Captain of the First Voyage around the World
Ferdinand Magellan Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer who was the captain of the first expedition to successfully circumnavigate the globe.
BackgroundDate of Birth and Place Magellan was born in the northern part of Portugal in 1480. (It is still disputed whether he was born in the town Porto or Sabrosa.) His parents were very wealthy and part of the nobility. His parents died when Ferdinand was only 10 years old. Ferdinand then became a page for the queen.
Portugal was a leader in early exploration due to the efforts of Prince Henry the Navigator
Early Years • Magellan began as a mapmaker. • In Magellan’s 20’s he began sailing with the Portuguese. • He sailed to • East Africa • the East Indies or the Spice Islands • Helped take over the Port of Malacca in Malaysia • Was wounded in Morrocco and accused of trading with the Moors.
Early Years Continued… Like Columbus, Magellan believed you could sail west and reach the East Indies. He asked the king of Portugal for money to finance his trip, but was refused. So Magellan went to the Spanish King, Charles V, who gave him 5 ships in 1519 to try and sail around the world.
Achievements Magellan devised a plan to sail around the world. He discovered the straight of Magellan on the southern tip of South America. A much safer passage than trying to sail around Cape Horn It took him a month to sail through the strait. Reached the ocean Balboa had discovered and named it the Pacific because of its calm and peaceful waters.
Did You Know? Magellan did not complete his voyage. He was killed in battle on the Island of Mactan in the Phillipines. Juan Sebastian del Cano completed the trip. It took 3 years to complete the journey back to Seville, Spain. The only ship to return was the Victoria (Magellan’s Ship) Only 18 of the original 270 crew members completed the journey.
Magellan’s Ship The Victoria was the Only ship out of 5 To complete the journey.
Conclusion Magellan was a brave and adventurous explorer. Although he himself did not complete the journey, his crew proved that the world was round. His work as an explorer was important to developing new maps and developing a new idea of ways to get to the East Indies.