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LANGUAGE, POWER AND AUTHORITY. LECTURE 4 ALAIN CHARTIER, LE QUADRILOGUE INVECTIF. Family Tree. Hundred Years’ War. 1337 Beginning of war 1340 Battle of Sluys 1346 Battle of Crecy 1356 Battle of Poitiers 1415 Battle of Agincourt. Bourgeois de Paris.

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language power and authority

LANGUAGE, POWER AND AUTHORITY

LECTURE 4

ALAIN CHARTIER,

LE QUADRILOGUE INVECTIF

hundred years war
Hundred Years’ War

1337 Beginning of war

1340 Battle of Sluys

1346 Battle of Crecy

1356 Battle of Poitiers

1415 Battle of Agincourt

bourgeois de paris
Bourgeois de Paris

Jour et nuit crioient hommes, femmes, petits

enfants: “Helas, je meurs de froit!” et l’autre

“Je meurs de fain”.

bourgeois de paris1
Bourgeois de Paris

En ce temps estoient les loups si affames qu’ils desterroient a leurs pattes les corps des gens … car partout ou on alloit, on trouvoit des morts et aux champs et aux villes, de la grant povrete, du cher temps et de la famine qu’ils souffroient, pour la maudite guerre qui tousjours croissoit de jour en jour.

latin loan words
Latin loan-words
  • Somptueusement < Lat. sumptuosus, 14th c.
  • Habitacions < Lat. habitatio, c. 1350
  • Negligence < Lat. negligentia, c. 1250
  • Refection < Lat. refectio, c. 1410
  • Edifice < Lat. aedificium, c. 1250
high status
HIGH STATUS

Used for:

  • Religion
  • Education
  • Law and Administration
  • “Literature”
latinate vocabulary
LATINATE VOCABULARY

SEIGNEURIEUX EDIFICE

V.

MAISON ROYALE

latinate vocabulary1
LATINATE VOCABULARY

1408 1250

SEIGNEURIEUX EDIFICE

V.

MAISON ROYALE

linguistic vocabulary
LINGUISTIC VOCABULARY
  • DOUBLET
  • PLEONASM
doublets
DOUBLETS
  • Entailleures, paintures, armoeries et menueries
  • Desmentoit et decrevoit
  • Plaintif et langoureux
non etymological letters
NON-ETYMOLOGICAL LETTERS

Chartier Latin etymons

  • Haultes altus
  • Default defallere
  • Dessoubz desubtus
  • Daulphins *dalfinus
  • Principaulx principalis
critical vocabulary
CRITICAL VOCABULARY

PARATAXIS V. HYPOTAXIS

critical vocabulary1
CRITICAL VOCABULARY

PARATAXIS V. HYPOTAXIS

= =

SIMPLE COMPLEX

DECLARATIVE SENTENCES

SENTENCES

paratactic sentence
PARATACTIC SENTENCE

I got up early, I went to work, I had a report to write.

hypotactic sentence
HYPOTACTIC SENTENCE

I got up early in order to go to work, because I had a report to write

high status language
HIGH-STATUS LANGUAGE
  • ACCEPTANCE
  • CODIFICATION
  • ELABORATION
high status language1
HIGH-STATUS LANGUAGE

WHAT WE SHALL NOW BE SEEING, IN

THE RENAISSANCE AND LATER, IS:

CODIFICATION

ELABORATION