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Introduction to ArcGIS

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  1. Introduction to ArcGIS 12/12/2012

  2. Class Topics • Welcome and Introductions • Lesson 1: Overview • Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers • Lesson 3: Accessing DNR Data • Lesson 4: Exploring Data • Lesson 5: Working with Tables • Lesson 6: Labels, Annotation, and Graphics • Lesson 7: Building Layouts

  3. Lesson 1: Overview • ArcMap license • ArcMap User Interface components • Toolbars and Context Menus • Extra: ArcMap Where Window

  4. ArcMap Program Modules for desktop ArcGIS : • ArcMap – for interactive data editing, making maps and analysis • ArcCatalog – for browsing, accessing, and managing (creating and organizing) data

  5. ArcMap Interactive Map-Based Tasks • Mapping • Editing • Queries • Analysis • Printing

  6. ArcCatalog • Browse and preview data • Create, define and manage data and projects • Create and view metadata • Create a new shapefile or geodatabase

  7. Enterprise License • Enterprise License Agreement between ESRI and Minnesota state agencies includes: • ArcMap Desktop software • Stand alone Desktop Advanced licensing • Unlimited shared Desktop – Basic, Standard, and Advanced licenses • Extensions • Unlimited Spatial, 3D, Geostatistical, Network, ArcPublisher, and Maplex • ArcGIS Server Products

  8. ArcGIS License Levels • Licensed at different levels of functionality • Desktop Basic – for entry level users, can edit shapefile/personal geodatabase • Desktop Standard – for mid-level users, can edit multi-user database editing • Mid-level. Supports multi-user database editing • Desktop Advanced – for Power users, can design multi-user databases and conduct advanced geoprocessing • Availabilities of the tools are different depending on the license level

  9. Stand Alone Licensing • For employees who: • Are constantly on the go • Work in remote offices • Work from home • Contact your GIS Coordinator for more information

  10. Check out Pool License • ArcGIS 10.1 allows users to check out a license 90 days at a time • Open to ArcGIS Administrator. Check the license you want to check out and click OK.

  11. Extensions • Add additional toolbars to ArcMap • Spatial Analyst – grid/ LiDAR processing • 3D Analyst – 3d modeling • Can be added regardless of license level, but.. • Some tools may not be available at certain license levels.

  12. Add-ins • Provide customizations packaged within a single compressed file. • Can be buttons, tools, menus, or toolbars • DNR Add-ins: Quicklayers and Hydrography toolbars • X-ray, Xtools pro, EasyCalculate. . . • Work regardless of level of software licensing • Mostly free for download off the internet

  13. Get Started Window • ArcMap – Getting Started window Different ways to display map documents Map Documents previously opened

  14. Get Started Window Allows you look for more map documents Available templates Default geodatabase Cancel to start a new map document

  15. Home Location Each map document has a default geodatabase (called Home) ArcMap saves geoprocessing results, store new datasets, export files, and access file-based information by defaultto Home This course does not work with geodatabases, so ignore the path . . . Default geodatabase

  16. Getting Started If you want to start a new map document, then click New Maps or Cancel

  17. ArcMap Interface • Table of Contents – Displays legend, selection, and source information for layers • Display Area –Where map is displayed • Data View – displays data (View) • Map View – displays map layout (Layout) • Status Bar – At bottom of the display, shows status, coordinate information, etc. • Toolbars – Organized sets of commands / tools

  18. ArcMap: Data View Toolbars (can be moved and docked) Table of contents Display Area Status Bar

  19. Toolbars • Commands and buttons are organized into toolbars • Can be floating or docked anywhere, turned on / off • Lots of toolbars exist – • Use the CUSTOMIZE | Toolbars menu option to see toolbars and their display status • If you lose a toolbar, look to see if it is checked in the list

  20. Toolbars • Commonly used: • Standard – New, Open, Save, Print, etc. • Tools - interactive display navigation • Draw –work with graphics and text • Editor - for editing data • Layout –work on layouts • DNR Quick Layers 10

  21. Toolbars • Toolbar Madness: A condition brought on by the inability to find toolbars • The ability of toolbars to be moved around provides a challenge to user support • Toolbars can hide behind things or pushed off screen • Closed – Open – Left/top/bottom/right

  22. Toolbars Docked Toolbar Floating Toolbar

  23. Data View Standard Toolbar Layout Toolbar Tools Toolbar Draw Toolbar

  24. Catalog Window Standard Toolbar Very similar to ArcCatalog, but can be accessed within ArcMap

  25. Search Window Use to search for tools, data, maps (some settings necessary prior to use)

  26. Image Analysis Window Use to control the display of non-WMS layers

  27. Tabs If your mouse is not hovering over these windows, they get tucked away to the right-corner of ArcMap window as tabs Open again by clicking the tab To keep open, click Pin button

  28. Context Menus • Accessed by right-clicking • Shows options valid within the context of the item the mouse pointer is over • Almost every item in ArcGIS has a Context Menu • Get into the habit -you’ll be surprised at what you find!

  29. Map Document • Work is saved in a file called a “Map Document” (.MXD) • Create new, open existing, and save documents from the File menu and/or the Standard Toolbar • Remember: Map documents store references to data, but not the data itself

  30. Map Document Properties • File | Map Document Properties • Used mostly for documentation purposes • Stores helpful info • Can define how paths are stored • Absolute (save drive letter) • Relative (don’t save drive letter)

  31. Table of Contents (TOC) • Layers draw in TOC from bottom up • ArcMap places rasters on the bottom, followed by polygons, then lines, then points • Reorder layers by selecting and dragging • Can show, hide, rename, or remove layers • Familiar checkbox for displaying data • Multiple layers can be grouped - expand to see the layers underneath • TOC is moveable/dockable

  32. TOC Display Options Drawing Order Source Visibility Selection

  33. TOC – Displaying Layers Layers with a check mark are visible Drawing Order Visibility

  34. TOC – List by Sources Source • When adding Microsoft Access and Excel documents or any other table, they show up in the Source tab

  35. List by Selection Selection • Selected shows the layers that contain selected records/features • Selectable shows the layers that you can select • Not selectable shows the layers that you can’t select

  36. Data Frames • Are within the TOC • Display a collection of layers drawn in particular order for a given map extent and projection • Can have multiple data frames but only one can be active • Alt-Click to activate • Data Frames have their own properties

  37. Layers • When you add a dataset to ArcMap, a layer is created • References the spatial data such as shapefile, raster, or geodatabase • Have a number of properties you can set(color, line thickness, fill-patterns. . . ) • Can be saved to a file on disk (.lyr) so that they can be shared with others or used in other map documents

  38. Tools Toolbar • Navigation tools are found on the Tools Toolbar Interactive Zoom-in Interactive Zoom-Out Pan Zoom to Full-Extent Fixed Zoom-in Fixed Zoom-out Previous Extent Next Extent Select Feature Clear Selected Features Select Elements (Graphics) Identify Hyperlink Measure HTML popup Find Route Find Go to XY Open Time Slider Window Create Viewer Window

  39. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Open Where Window Red dot is current location Coordinates and PLS of the current location

  40. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Where Window When you change any value on the screen (or move the dot on the state) all other information is updated to reflect the change

  41. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Open Where Window Set the Display Radius; (this is the view extent in ArcMap) Click ArcMap Close Where Window 2 mi

  42. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Using Search 1 In Search area, click Advanced Search Specify the Place Type Type in the search word and Click Search 2 3

  43. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Using Search • Don’t include words such as “Lake”, “River”, “WMA”, etc. 4 Select what you are looking for (Any field can be sorted ascending or descending)

  44. Extra: Quick Layers Toolbars Using Search Click on ArcMap button and close Where Window

  45. Exercise 1 – Overview • Familiarize yourself with ArcMap’s interface: • Tools, Buttons, Toolbars, Context sensitive help • Learn basic navigation tools • Zoom, pan, previous, next • Practice using the Table of Contents • Collapse and expand legends

  46. Lesson 2: Data Frames and Layers • Data Frames • Layers • Layer File • Toolbars and Context Menus • Extra: Spatial References

  47. Data Frames • Display a collection of layers drawn in a particular order for a given map extent and projection • Create new Data Frames • Insert | Data Frame • Active Data Frame shows in Display Window • Active Frame name is in bold • Activate Frames • Alt-Click • Context Menu - Activate

  48. Data Frame Properties General Tab • Define general characteristics of the data frame • Name and Description • Map and Display Units • Reference Scale (for labels) • Rotation (of view) • Label Engine

  49. Data Frame Properties The Data Frame Tab • Extent (Defines Extent) • Automatic • Fixed Scale – no zoom • Fixed Extent – No pan / zoom • Other Data Frame • Extent used by Full Extent Command • Clip to Shape • More like “masking” • Great alternative to physically clipping data

  50. Data Frame Properties The Coordinate System Tab • Defines coordinate system of data frame • All data (regardless of native coordinate system) will be appear in this coordinate system as long as the data has .prj file • Normally set to NAD83 UTM Zone 15N