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ICOS-INWIRE overview. J.-D. Paris, P. Ciais , N. Schneider, C. Gerbig , H. Dolman, D. Papale, T . Vesala , A. Carrara , A. Lindroth , T . Warneke , and all the ICOS -INWIRE contributors. ICOS – Integrated Carbon Observing System

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icos inwire overview

ICOS-INWIRE overview

J.-D. Paris, P. Ciais, N. Schneider, C. Gerbig, H. Dolman, D. Papale, T. Vesala, A. Carrara, A. Lindroth, T. Warneke, and all the ICOS-INWIRE contributors


ICOS – Integrated Carbon Observing System

ESFRI Research Infrastructure for quantifying and understanding the greenhousegases budget of Europe and adjacent regions

ICOS integratesterrestrial, atmospheric and oceanic observationsatvarious sites into a coherent, high-precisiondataset, managed by ThematicCenters.

Long-term measurement networks dedicated to GHG:

  • 40 atmospheric stations
  • 40 ecosystem stations
  • 10 oceanship-lines
icos facts figures
ICOS facts & figures
  • 13 countries committedatministeriallevel, +2 joining
  • More than30researchlabsactivelyinvolved, 400+ scientists
  • Central facilities in France, Italy, Germany; HQ in Finland
  • Creationof Europeanlegalorganization ERIC: pre-submissionto EC in June
  • Providein-situ observations to deliver flux mapsat 10 km scaleweeklywithaccuracy <10-50 g C m-2 y-1
  • Main parameters: CO2 and CH4 concentrations, CO2 EC fluxes
  • Operations: 20 years or more
  • Accuracy: compliant to international standards
  • Coverage: Europe and otherregions (Africa, Siberia, oceans)
atmospheric services greenhouse gases
Atmospheric services: Greenhousegases

>> http://www.gmes-atmosphere.eu

data requirements addressed by icos inwire
Data requirements addressed by ICOS-INWIRE

GMES In-Situ Component Data Requirements report 2010

GEO Carbon Strategy (2010) report. GEO, Group for Earth Observations Carbon task

main objectives of icos inwire
Main objectives of ICOS-INWIRE
  • Autonomous and robust GHG sensors systems
    • Develop and test new sensor systems for GHG flux and concentration measurementsin challenging/remote environments
  • Improved GHG tracer transport modelsthrough Boundary Layer Height data
    • develop new software to process LIDAR data operationally,
    • Transmit BLH to data assimilation systems
  • Enhance GHG data provision to GMES Atmosphere and Land modeling communities
    • NRT GHG data products,
    • elaborated delayed-mode products
    • from multiple data sources, including ICOS, TCCON and other networks
  • Convergence with space systems
    • develop a new fast–delivery (one month) data product from 4 European TCCON stations for GMES/MACC-II
icos inwire in its ecosystem
ICOS-INWIRE in its ecosystem


Copernicus services

Secured, timely data distribution


Research Data


Other observation networks


Robust designs

Instrument manufacturers

enhanced operational capabilities of icos atmospheric network
Enhanced operational capabilities of ICOS atmospheric network

in-situ CO2, CH4 from 12 atmospheric sites delivered in NRT to GMES (MACC-II).

  • Improved GHG data processing and distribution
    • Adapted for GMES services,
    • compliant w/GEOSS data architecture
  • New variables: BLH, total column (GEO Carbon Strategy)
  • Total column integration with in-situ
enhanced operational capabilities of icos eddy covariance network
Enhanced operational capabilities of ICOSeddy covariance network

surf Tin LMA


Key ecosystem variables selection for GMES Land Core Service Element

NRT data transmission and processing schemes optimization

ICOS ecosystem database setup to serve GMES users & comply with GEOSS data architecture

Definition of metrics to evaluate ecosystem variable assimilation in land surface models

ghg data for reanalysis and forecast
GHG data for reanalysis and forecast
  • Near real time data -> validation of forecast
  • Final data -> for re-analysis
  • Untilnowexperimental service, jitter, lots of trial-and-error
  • Usersalreadytook up & consideritwellestablished!
enhance interoperability with other ghg networks
Enhanceinteroperabilitywithother GHG networks
  • Assessthe compatibility requirementsof different GHG atmosphericnetworks (usinghigh-res. inverse modeling)
  • Network design assessment over Europe, toward maximum reduction of flux uncertainties
  • Ensurenetwork compatibility withother networks incl. TCCON
  • Validation of satellite GHG products (ESA-GHG-CCI)

Posterioruncertainty(gC m-2 day-1) 14-day avg / 50 km res NEEduringJuly 2007

Kadygrov et al., 2013

Flux chamber, Hyytiälä

enhance interoperability with other ghg networks1
Enhanceinteroperabilitywithother GHG networks


Interoperability through GEOSS data infrastructure will optimize the discoverability, accessibility and re-use of data

Catalogue of metadata

GENESI-DEC, here: collocating ICOS and SCIAMACHY data

icos inwire contributes to geo
ICOS-INWIRE contributesto GEO
  • Automatic, robust, timely in-situ GHG data provision by ICOS to atmosphere and land services in Copernicus
  • Contribute to achievement of Task CL-02 Global Carbon Observation and Analysis:
    • Infrastructure (betterdata and enhancedinteroperability)
    • Science and technology (linkwithspace)
    • User engagement (network design, requirements)
    • Contribute to the WMO Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW)
  • GEOSS Common Infrastructure: Enablebrokeragesolutions for ICOS data
  • Submit data to WMO WDCGG -> GEOSS Data CORE
wrap up
Wrap up
  • ICOS is a EuropeanResearch Infrastructure to measurecarbongreenhousegases
  • Turning an emergingresearch infrastructure into an operationalenvironmental data provider is an heavytask
  • ICOS-INWIRE willenhancegreenhousegas data delivery by:
    • Developping more robust, connectedsensorsystems,
    • Establishing and implementingkeymethods for data transmission and processingatThematicCenters,
    • Ensuringinteroperability
  • ICOS-INWIRE seeks to betterconnect ICOS withitskeyusers in Copernicus, and GEOSS
  • Project juststartedand will last for 3 years
thank you www icos inwire lsce ipsl fr jdparis@lsce ipsl fr

Thank youwww.icos-inwire.lsce.ipsl.frjdparis@lsce.ipsl.fr

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme ([FP7/2007-2013]) under grant agreement n°313169


LIDAR observations of boundary layer




Potential for application to national LIDAR networks put in place by met agencies


20/6/2009, MHD campaign


Milroy et al., 2012


WP2: Autonomous GHG atmospheric sensor


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design and construction of the infrastructure
Design and construction of the infrastructure

Month 30:Demonstration with few sites

Month 36: Draft of legal status & governance

Month 36: Expenditure and ressource plan


Other research projects

National networks

Month 60: Final network assessment stations Implementation Plan

Cristallisation phase

National contributions

Month 12: User survey and requirement, data providers, data handling strategy

Month 24: Select atmospheric and ecosystem sensors

Month 24:Decision on locations of Central facilities

european c arbon projects
European carbon projects

Basic research

  • CarboChange; GHG Europe; national programs
    • Ecosystems carbon balance
    • Integrated up scaling methods
    • International cooperation
    • New global datasets; Synthesis; RECCAP
    • Carbon cycle data assimilation system
    • Exploitation of remote sensing data
    • Flux towers, ocean and atmospheric infrastructure
  • Space agencies
    • New GHG missions, MERLIN, MicroCarb, ...




In-situ observing system